|其他題名: ||China’s “Super Ministries” Reform Trends-From the Governance Viewpoint|
Super Ministries;Institutional Reform;Government for Public Service;Governance Theory
|上傳時間: ||2016-07-20 16:18:13 (UTC+8)|
In recent years, many international organizations suggest that government have to focus on the development of governance indexes. Since reforms and opening-up, China has carried out six government transformations which emphasize on the adoptions of simplifying the institutions, promoting the administrative efficiency, eliminating bureaucracy, stressing the functional transformation, and establishing a government of service. The process of “the Super Ministries Reform” has been facing a lot of resistances and obstacles of interests across departments, thus, the pace of reform is very slow. It is adverse to the goal of “the Super Ministries Reform”, which is to eradicate individual department interests, speed up the efficiency, and streamline personnel. Although China emphasized in the plan of the 12th five-years that the government will approve the thorough government institution reform, transform the government function, speed up exercising administration in conformity with law, enhance the social management, and build up a government for public service, in order to construct a better administrative management system with Chinese characteristic socialism by 2020. Experts also suggest that it is necessary to establish a government of law-governing, responsibility, service, transparency and incorruptibility in order to implement good governance. Reviewing the implementation of “the Super Ministries Reform”, the main cause of its slowness is that the past institutional reforms were still at the administrative reform level, and such kind of reform could not reach the government operation system controlled by the interest and power of the Party. In other words, if the administrative reform can not be accomplished with the political reform, the result of institutional reform will not be as obvious. For to deal with the above difficulties, China may utilize western governance theories as an alternate approach to push forward “the Super Ministries Reform”, hope to adopt governance reform to simplify institutions and be away from the vicious circle of simplified and inflated, and re-simplify and re-inflated again.
|關聯: ||東亞研究, 42(2), 83-116|
East Asia Studies