木研究旨在探討國內男女大學教師之收入是否有所差別。研究結果發現男女教師 的收入確實存有差異現象。本文並進一步探討造成該差異存在之可能原因。 本研究資料主要根據教育部電算中心所提供之大學教師電腦檔案而來，以全國抽樣方式來實 施問卷調查，輔以深入訪問，來尋求男女教師收入不同之可能原因。 研究發現包括：ヾ女性收入較低；ゝ學術界中的社交網路對男性的收入有正面作用；ゞ家事 負擔對男性收入的負面效果比女性收入來得大；々從訪問中發現男性對於學術界中的性別差 異及不公平現象較女性不敏感。 This study examined the total income for university faculty members in Taiwan. Gender differences were found and further research was conducted to identify reasons for the discrepancies in the academic reward system. The research project was based on a national sample provided by the Computer Center of the Ministry of Education in Taiwan. Data were collected through survey questionnaires and in-depth interviews with university professors and associate professors in Taiwan. Multiple regression analyses were implemented to determine the influence of gender on income. In-depth interviews were conducted to collect possible explanations for gender differences in the academic reward system. The major findings of this research study are as follows: 1. Compared to male faculty members, women academics tend to earn a lower total income. 2. Social networking in academe tends to result in a higher income for male than for female faculty. 3. Domestic duties have more negative impacts on male income than that of females. 4. Interviews revealed that the male faculty tend to be less aware of gender differences and inequities in the academic reward system.
教育與心理研究, 16,475-499 Journal of Education & Psychology