瑞士全新的刑事訴訟法典預計於二○一一年起開始施行。屬於聯邦體制的瑞士，其雖有一部適用全國的刑法典，但刑事追訴程序卻由各邦及聯邦總計二十九部刑事訴訟法各自為之。自一九九○年\r代始，層出不窮的跨境經濟犯罪及組織犯罪，隨即讓瑞士四分五裂的刑訴程序在追訴犯罪方面力不從心。歷經十餘年研修以及參酌國際人權公約的人權保障基準之後，瑞士首部整合各邦的統一刑事訴訟法典終於成形。本文先交代瑞士刑事訴訟現況與新刑訴制定背景，作為認識新法基礎。其次，由於瑞士新法興革幅度巨大，本文僅就新制重要變革或對我國法具有啟發意義者，共挑選六主題扼要介紹，為這部號稱植基在國際人權基礎的全新刑訴法典，提供初步認識。 A brand new code of criminal procedure will go into effect in Switzerland in 2011. Though a federated nation, Switzerland has a federal criminal code applied to all states (cantons) of the confederation. Each state and the federal government, however, have their own criminal procedural codes to prosecute crimes within their own jurisdictions. Currently, there are 29 criminal procedural codes in Switzerland. Since 1990, transnational organized and economic crimes have been on the rise and have rendered Switzerland’s “divided” criminal procedures unable to deal with these emerging challenges effectively and in a timely manner. Using the international human rights convention as a reference, the first unified code of criminal procedure in Switzerland finally takes shape after more than ten years of work. This paper will first describe the situations of various criminal procedures currently in practice and the background of the enactment of the new criminal procedural code. Secondly, many drastic changes can be found in the new code. This paper will introduce only six of them that bear a significant impact on our own criminal procedure. It is hoped that this paper may provide its readers with an initial understanding of this new criminal procedural code which is based on the convention of international human rights.