English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 11 |  Items with full text/Total items : 88657/118248 (75%)
Visitors : 23505968      Online Users : 182
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/94706


    Title: 個人與團隊創新之比較研究 — 以資策會專利為例
    A Comparative study of individual and team innovation - An Empirical study of patents in III
    Authors: 李昆鴻
    Contributors: 徐聯恩
    李昆鴻
    Keywords: 個人創新
    團隊創新
    專利
    創新管理
    研發管理
    individual innovation
    team innovation
    patent
    innovation management
    research and development management
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2016-05-09 11:29:55 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 近幾年來關於創新研究的相關文獻,多半著墨於團隊創新之探討,包括團隊知識分享、團隊信任、團隊領導與團隊互動等議題;但「個人」所產生的創新力量,事實上也應不容小覷。本研究將透過資策會的專利提案,針對近十年間所提出的專利資料與訪談進行分析,以探討個人與團隊在研發創新所扮演的角色,以及個人與團隊創新的適用情境、組成特徵與互動歷程特徵。
    In recent years, the majority of innovative research literature focuses on team innovation such as team knowledge sharing, team trust, team leadership, and team interaction. The contribution of individual innovation, however, should not be overlooked. This study will explore roles of individual and team efforts in innovative research, adequate applications of individual and team innovations, and characteristics and interactive features of individual and team innovations through an analysis of patent cases proposed by III (Institute for Information Industry) in past ten years and personal interview with patent inventors.
    摘要 I
    目次 V
    表目錄 VII
    圖目錄 VIII
    第一章 緒論 1
    第一節 研究動機與背景 1
    第二節 研究目的與研究問題 2
    第三節 研究流程 4
    第四節 研究限制 6
    第二章 文獻探討 7
    第一節 創新、創意與創造力 7
    第二節 個人創新研究 10
    第三節 團隊創新研究 18
    第四節 個人創新與團隊創新之比較 36
    第三章 研究方法 41
    第一節 研究對象 41
    第二節 資料蒐集與個案訪談 42
    第三節 訪談資料整理與分析 46
    第四章 個案描述 49
    第一節 資訊工業策進會簡介 49
    第二節 資策會專利提案制度 53
    第五章 分析結果與討論 57
    第一節 個人與團隊的創新專利表現 57
    第二節 專利個人與專利團隊之創新歷程 66
    第三節 影響資策會創新專利表現之因素 103
    第六章 研究結論與建議 108
    第一節 研究結論 108
    第二節 研究建議 109
    第三節 後續研究建議 113
    參考文獻 116
    Reference: 中文部分
    1.Keith Sawyer著,邱如美譯,「團隊的天才:引爆協同創作的力量」(Group Genius: The Creative Power of Collaboration),台北:天下雜誌,2007
    2.Dorothy Leonard & Walter Swap著,施貞夙譯,「激發團隊創意」(When Sparks Fly),台北:中國生產力中心,2000
    3.Thorne, Paul著,楊幼蘭譯,「創意人與管理人的戰爭」,台北:時報文化, 1994
    4.Joan Magretta著,「管理是什麼」(What management Is: How It Works and Why It’s Everyone’s Business),台北:天下文化,2003
    5.陳龍安,創造思考教學的理論與實際(四版),台北:心理,1995
    6.恩田彰等著,陸祖昆譯,「創造性心理學」,台北:五洲出版社,1988
    7.王文中、鄭英耀,創造力發展量表之編製與試題反應分析。測驗學刊,47(1),153-173,2000
    8.葉玉珠、吳靜吉、鄭英耀:影響創意發展的個人特質、家庭及學校因素量表之發展。國科會整合型計劃(NSC 88-2519-S-004-001-C),2000
    9.葉玉珠,「影響創意發展的個人特質、家庭及學校因素量表之發展」,發表於技術創造力研討會之論文,國立政治大學,台北,2000
    10.李弘暉,「高績效團隊管理的理論基礎—團隊理論模型綜述」,中國行政評論,第六卷第四期,87-104頁,1997
    11.李弘暉,鍾麗英,「團隊運作過程對團隊績效影響之研究」,人力資源學報,第十一期,1-29頁,1999
    12.李弘暉、吳瓊治,「淺談創新團隊應具備之『才能』」,研習論壇,第29期,11-17頁,2003
    13.黃家齊,蔡達人,「團隊多元化與知識分享、知識創造及創新績效」,台大管理論叢13(2):223~280,2003
    14.汪美香、楊棠堯、吳朝森,「資訊系統開發團隊成員之自我效能、團隊互動與團隊信任對團隊效能之影響:知識分享之中介效果」,台大管理論叢,第十六卷第二期,73-99,2006
    15.黃雯蓉,「行銷相關工作的創造力需求與員工創造力績效受工作特性與組織特性之影響」,人力資源管理學報,第三卷第三期,頁27-55,2003
    16.楊仁壽、方祥明,「動態系統知識的學習:團隊學習與個人學習的比較實驗」,管理學報,20(3),2003
    17.鄭仁偉、廖華立,「團隊能力、工作滿足、組織承諾與團隊績效的關係」,人力資源管理學報,pp59-83,2001
    18.沈介文、陳月娥、周毓敏、陳銘嘉,「以團隊歷程觀點探討團隊結構與績效之關聯─以團隊信任為中介變項」,人力資源管理學報,第5卷,第3期(秋季號),頁75-90,2005
    19.Robbins, S. P.著,李茂興、李慕華、林宗鴻譯,「組織行為」(精華版),台北:揚智,1994
    20.徐宗國譯,「質性研究概論」,台北:巨流圖書公司,1997
    21.蔡明達,市場資訊處理程序與組織記憶對行銷創新影響之研究,國立政治大學企業管理學研究所碩士論文,2000
    22.洪毓孜,個人玩興與團隊玩興氣氛對團隊創造力績效之影響,國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文,2003
    23.洪燕雯,組織層級創新績效模式之研究,私立立德管理學院國際企業管理研究所碩士論文,2005
    24.李舜偉,新產品開發團隊學習之研究,私立長榮管理學院經營管理研究所碩士論文,2001
    25.董雅菁,跨功能研發團隊中溝通模式對設計知識整合之影響,私立大同大學工業設計所碩士論文,2005
    26.張翊祥,團隊成員人格特質組合對團隊效能影響之研究 — 以團隊互動過程為中介變項,私立中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,2003
    27.林澤民,專案成員之多樣化對軟體專案團隊績效之影響,國立中山大學資訊管理學系研究所碩士論文,2004
    28.伍大佑,團隊品質與玩興氣氛對團隊創新之影響,國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文,2003
    29.黃馨慧,團隊成員正面情感的組合對於團隊績效及個人人際滿意度之跨層次分析-以集體效能、凝聚力為中介變項,私立東吳大學企業管理學系碩士論文,2004
    30.黃荷婷,研發團隊成員目標導向與創新行為、創新績效-自我效能與集體效能的中介效果,私立東吳大學企業管理學系碩士論文,2002
    31.蘇名科,領導者與團隊目標導向對團隊創新、成員創新行為的影響—團隊創新氣候的中介效果,私立東吳大學企業管理學系碩士論文,2005
    32.王溥,影響專案工程團隊績效之團隊管理研究,國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文,1999
    33.玉井智子,團隊組織特徵、運作過程、團隊績效之關係研究 ─ 台日學生之差異比較,國立中山大學企業管理學系研究所碩士論文,2000
    34.王建忠,團隊領導與團隊效能:團隊內互動的中介效果,國立臺灣大學心理學研究所碩士論文,2000
    35.黃致凱,組織創新氣候知覺、個人創新行為、自我效能知覺與問題解決型態關係之研究 ─ 以銀行業為研究對象,國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文,2003
    36.李粵強,團隊績效管理導向對組織信任及組織團隊績效影響之研究,私立朝陽科技大學企業管理系碩士班碩士論文,2001
    37.毛凱立,研發專案團隊管理:網絡、資源與績效,國立暨南國際大學國際企業學系碩士論文,2002
    38.黃吉村,研發團隊成員之內隱知的流動與績效,國立成功大學企業管理學系碩博士班博士論文,2002
    39.王婷玉,團隊成員間價值觀契合與個人效能:人際信任的中介效果,國立臺灣大學心理學研究所碩士論文,2002
    40.李優虎,知識創造:知識內化過程之研究,國立高雄第一科技大學資訊管理所碩士論文,2003
    41.陳群聰,影響R&D人員創新行為之因素探討,國立中山大學資訊管理學系研究所碩士論文,2004

    英文部分
    1.Ahlawat, S. S., 1999. Order Effects And Memory For Evidence In Individual Versus Group Decision Making In Auditing, Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 12(1): 71-88.
    2.Alper, S., Tjosvold, D., and Law, K. S., 1998. Interdependence and Controversy in Group Decision Making: Antecedents to Effective Self-managing Teams, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, vol. 74, pp. 33-52.
    3.Alper, S., Tjosvold, D., and Law, K. S., 2000. Conflict Management, Efficacy, and Performance in Organizational Teams, Personnel Psychology, vol. 53, pp. 625-642.
    4.Amabile, T. M., 1988. A model of creativity and innovation in organizations. In B. M. Staw & L. L. Cummings (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
    5.Amabile, T. M., 1997. Motivating creativity in organizations: On doing what you love and loving what you do. California Management Review, 40(1): 39-58.
    6.Amason, A. C. and Schweiger D. M., 1994. Resolving the paradox of conflict, strategic decision making, and organizational performance, International Journal of Conflict Management, 5, pp.239-253.
    7.Ancona, D. C. and Caldwell, D. F., 1992. Demography and Design: Predictors of New Product Team Performance, Organization Science, 3, pp.321-341.
    8.Bales, R. F., 1950. Interaction process analysis: A method for the study of small group. MA: Addison-Wesley.
    9.Baron, R. S., 1986. Distraction/conflict theory: Progress and problems. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology: vol.19: 1-40. New York: Academic Press.
    10.Barrick, M. R., Stewart, G. L., Neubert, M. J., and Mount, M. K., 1998. Relating member ability and personality to work-team processes and team effectiveness. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83(3), 377-391.
    11.Blanchard, K., Carlos P. J., and Randolph, A. W., 1999, The Three Keys to Empowerment, CA: Brooks-Cole.
    12.Campion, M. A., Medsker, G. J., and Higgs, A. C., 1993. Relations between work group characteristics and effectiveness: Implications for designing effective work groups. Personnal Psychology, 46, 823-825.
    13.Campion, M. A., Papper, E. M., and Medsker, G. J., 1996. Relations between work team characteristics and effectiveness: A replication and extension. Personnal Psychology, 49, 429-452.
    14.Carron, A. V., 1982. Cohesiveness in sport groups: Interpretations and considerations, Journal of Sport Psychology, 4, pp.123-138.
    15.Cohen, S. G. and Bailey, D. E., 1997. What makes teams work? Group effectiveness research from the shop floor to the executive suite. Journal of Management, 23, 239-290.
    16.Cooper, R. G. and Kleinschmidt, E. J., 1996. Winning businesses in product development: The critical success factors. Research Technology Management, 39(4): 18-29.
    17.Chatman, J. and O’Reilly, C., 2004. Asymmetric reactions to work group se diversity among men and women. Academy of Management Journal, 47: 193-208.
    18.Cummings, A. and Oldham, G. R., 1997. Enhancing creativity: Managing work contexts for the high potential employee. California Management Review, 40(1): 22-38.
    19.Daniels, T. D. and Spiker, B. K., 1991. Perspectives on Organizational Communication, Indiana: Wm C Brown Publishers.
    20.Dougherty, D. J., 1992. Interpretive barriers to successful product innovation in large firms, Organization Science, 3, pp.179-202.
    21.Eisenhardt, K. M., Kahwajy, J. L., and Bourgeois L. J., 1997. Conflict and strategic choice: How top management teams disagree, California Management Review, 39, No.2, pp.42-62.
    22.Evan, W., 1965. Conflict and performance in R&D organizations, Industrial Management Review, 7, pp.37-46.
    23.Forsyth, D. R., 1983. An Introduction to Group Dynamics, Brooks-Cole. Mullen, B. & Copper, C., 1994. The relation between group cohesiveness and performance: An integration, Psychological Bulletin, 115, pp.210-227.
    24.Geen, R. B., Thomas, S. L., and Gammill, P., 1988. Effects of evaluation and coaction on state anxiety and anagram performance. Personality and Individual Differences, 6: 293-298.
    25.Gladstein, D. L., 1984. Groups in context: A model of task group ffectiveness. Administrative Science Quarterly, 29, 499-517.
    26.Gobeli, D. H. and Brown, D. J., 1993. Improving the process of product innovation. Research Technology Management, 36(2): 38-44.
    27.Greenberg, E., 1992. Creativity, autonomy, and evaluation of creative work: Artistic workers in organizations. Journal of Creative Behavior, 26(1): 75-80.
    28.Gruenfeld, D. D. H. and Hollingshead, A. B., 1993. Sociocognition in work groups: The evolution of group integrative complexity and its relation to task and performance, Small Group Research, 24, No.3, pp.383-405.
    29.Hackman, J. R., 1987. The design of work team. In J. W. Lorsh (Ed.) Handbook of organizational behavior, pp. 315-342. NJ: Prentice-Hall.
    30.Hackman, J.R., 1990. Group Influences on Individual in Organization, In M.D. Dunnett and Hough (Eds), Handbook of industrial and organizational psychology, Chicago : Rand McNally, 3: 199-267.
    31.Harrision, D., Price, K., and Bell, M., 1998. Beyond relational demography: Time and the effects of surface and deep- level diversity on work group cohesion. Academy of Management Journal, 41: 92-107.
    32.Hart, P., 1991. Groupthink, Risk-Taking and Recklessness: Quality of Process and Outcome in Policy Decision Making, Politics and the Individual, 1(1): 67-90.
    33.Hill, G.W., 1982. Group versus Individual Performance: Are N + 1 Heads Better Than One? Psychological Bulletin, 91(3): 517-539.
    34.Ho, J. L. Y., 1999. Technology and Group Decision Process in Going-Concern Judgements, Group Decision and Negotiation, 8(1): 33-49.
    35.Hyatt, D. E. and Ruddy, T. M., 1997. An examination of the relationship between work group characteristics and performance: Once more into the breech. Personnel Psychology, 50, 553-585.
    36.Jackson, P.W. and Messick, S., 1964. The person, the product and the response: Conceptual problems in the assessment of creativity. Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service.
    37.J Kratzer, Roger Th. A. J. Leenders, and Jo M. L. Van Engelen, 2005. Informal contacts and performance in innovation teams. International Journal of Manpower. ABI/INFORM Global pg. 513 – 528
    38.Jan Kratzer, Roger Th. A. J. Leenders, and Jo M. L. Van Engelen, 2004. Stimulating the Potential: Creative Performance and Communication in Innovation Teams. Creativity and Innovation Management, Vol. 13, pp. 63-71.
    39.Jehn K. A., 1997. A qualitative analysis of conflict types and dimensions in organizational group, Administrative Science Quarterly, 42, pp.530-557.
    40.Jessup, H. R., 1990. New roles in team leadership. Training and Development Journal, 44, 79-83.
    41.Kanter, R., 1988. When a thousand flowers bloom Structural, collective, and social conditions for innovation in organizations, In B. M. Staw & L. L. Cummings (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior, 10, 169-211, Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
    42.Katzenbach, J. R. and Smith, D. K., 1993. The wisdom of teams: Creating the high-performance organization. New York: Happer Collins.
    43.Keller, R. T., 1986. Predictors of the performance of project groups in Rand D organization, Academy of Management Journal, 29, pp.715-726.
    44.Kleysen, R. F. and Street, C. T., 2001. Toward a multi-dimensional measure of individual innovative behavior, Journal of Intellectual Capital, 2(3), 284-296.
    45.Knight, D., Pearce, C. L., Smith, K. G., Olian, J. D., Sims, H. P., Smith, K. A., and Flood, P., 1999. Top management team diversity, group process, and strategic consensus, Strategic Management Journal, 20, pp.445-456.
    46.Larson, J. R. Jr., Christensen, C., Franz, T. M., and Abbott, A. S., 1998. Diagnosing Groups: The Pooling, Management, and Impact of Shared and Unshared Case Information in Team-based Medical Decision Making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75(1): 93-108.
    47.Latane, B., and Nida, S. 1980. Social impact theory and group influence: A social engineering perspective. In P. B. Paulus (Ed.), Psychology of group influence. Hillsdale NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    48.Latane, B., Williams, K., and Harkins, S. 1979. Many hands make light the work: The causes and consequences of social loafing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37(6): 822-832.
    49.Lott, A.J. and Lott, B. E., 1965. Group cohesiveness and interpersonal attraction: A review of relationships with antecedent and consequent variable, Psychological Bulletin, 64, pp.259-302.
    50.Mackinnon, D. W., 1962. The nature and nature of creative talent. American Psychologist, 17, 484-495.
    51.Majaro, S. 1988. The creative gap: Managing ideas for profit. London: Longman.
    52.McgGrath, J. E, 1994. Groups: Interaction and Performance, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
    53.McGregor, D, 1960. The Human Communication, California: Wadsworth Publishing Company.
    54.McLeod, P., Lobel, S., and Cox, T. 1996. Ethnic diversity and creativity in small groups. Small Group Research, 27: 248-264.
    55.Menon, A. and Varadarajan, P. R., 1992. A model of marketing knowledge use within firms. Journal of Marketing, 56(4): 53-71.
    56.Michael A. W, Giles H., Andreas R., and Helen S., 2004. Twelve steps to heaven: Successfully managing change through developing innovative teams. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 13 (2), 269-299
    57.Michaelsen, L. K., Watson, W. E., and Black, R. H., 1989. A Realistic Test of Individual versus Group Consensus Decision Making, Journal-of-Applied-Psychology, 74(5): 834-839.
    58.Moenaert R.K., Souder W.E., De Meyer,A., and Deschoolmeester D., 1994. R&D-Marketing Integrating Mechanisms, Communication Flows and Innovation Success, Journal of product innovation management, 11: pp.31-45
    59.Mohrman, S. A., Cohen, S. G., and Mohrman, A. M., Jr., 1995. Designing team-based organizations: New forms for knowledge work. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
    60.Moorhead, G. and Griffin, R. W., 1989. Organizational behavior, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company: 549.
    61.Mumford, M. D. and Gustafson, S. B., 1988. Creativity syndrome: Integration, application, and innovation. Psychological Bulletin, 103(January): 27-44.
    62.Mumford, M. D. and Simonton, D. K., 1997. Creativity in the workplace: People, problems, and structures. Journal of Creative Behavior, 31(1): 1-6.
    63.O’Reilly, C., Caldwell, D., and Barnett, W., 1989. Work group demography, social integration, and turnover. Administrative Science Quarterly, 34: 21-37.
    64.Ouchi, W. G., 1980. Markets, bureaucracies, and clans, Administrative Science Quarterly, 25, pp.129-142.
    65.Parker, G. M., 1990. Team players and teamwork: The new competitive business strategy. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Inc., Publishers.
    66.Paulus, P. B., Larey, T. S., and Ortega, A. H., 1995. Performance and Perceptions of Brainstormers in an Organizational Setting, Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 17(12): 249-265.
    67.Peter, G. D., Richard R. R., and Jack W. M., 1997. The effects of peer feedback on Team Member Behavior, Group and Organization Management, 22, No.4, pp.508-520.
    68.Pierson, D. A., 1983. A technique for managing creative people. Personnel, 60(1): 12-26.
    69.Posey, P. and Klein, J., 1990. Revitalizaing manufacturing: Text and cases. Irwin: Homewood.
    70.Ramus, C. A., 2001. Organizational support for employees: Encouraging creative ideas for environmental sustainability. California Management Review, 43(3): 85-105.
    71.Rhodes, M., 1961. An analysis of creativity. In S. G. Isaksen (Ed.), Frontiers of Creativity Research. New York: Bearly Limited.
    72.Ruekert R. W., Walker Jr. O. C., and Roeving K. J., 1987. The Organization of marketing activities: A contingency theory of structures and performance. Journal of Marketing, Winter: pp.13-25.
    73.Sarason, I. G., 1984, Stress, anxiety, and cognitive interference: Reactions to tests, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, pp.929-938.
    74.Schmidt, J. B., Montoya-Weiss, M. M., and Massey, A. P., 2001. New Product Development Decision-Making Effectiveness: Comparing Individuals, Face-to-face Teams, and Virtual Teams, Decision Sciences, 32(4): 575-600.
    75.Schminke, M., and Wells, D., 1999. Group process and performance and their effects on individuals’ ethical frameworks. Journal of Business Ethics, 18, 367-381.
    76.Scott, S. G. and Bruce, R. A., 1994, Determinants of innovative behavior: A path model of individual innovation in the workplace, Academy of Management Journal, 37(3), 580-607.
    77.Senge, P. M., 1990. The Fifth Discipline - The Art and Practice of The Learning Organization, New York, USA: Doubleday.
    78.Sethi, R., Smith, D. C., and Park, C. W., 2001. Cross-functional product development teams, creativity, and the innovativeness of new consumer products. Journal of Marketing Research, 38(1): 73-85.
    79.Scott, R. K., 1995. Creative employees: A challenge to managers. Journal of Creative Behavior, 29(1): 64-71.
    80.Shonk, J. H., 1982. Working in teams: A practical manual for improving work groups. New York: Amacom.
    81.Shaw, M. E., 1976. Group Dynamics: The Psychology of Small Group Behavior. NY: McGraw-Hill.
    82.Sosik, J. J., Avolio, B. J., and Kahai, S. S., 1997. Effects of leadership style and anonymity on group potency and effectiveness in a group decision support system environment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 82(1), 89-103.
    83.Stauss, A. and Corbin, J., 1997. Grounded theory in Practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: sage.
    84.Sternberg, R. J., 1988. A three-facet model of creativity. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), The Nature of Creativity: 125-147. New York: McGraw-Hill.
    85.Sternberg, R. J., O’Hara, L. A., and Lubart, T. I., 1997. Creativity as investment. California Management Review, 40(1): 8-21.
    86.Stewart, G. L., and Barrick, M. R., 2000. Team structure and performance: Assessing the mediating role of intrateam process and the moderating role of task type. Academy of Management Journal, 43(2), 135-148.
    87.Stogdill, R. M., 1972. Group productivity, drive, and cohesiveness, Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 8, pp.26-43.
    88.Tesluk, P. E. and Mathiew, J. E., 1999. Overcoming roadblocks to effectiveness: Incorporating management of performance barriers into models of work group effectiveness. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84, 200-217.
    89.Terborg, J., Castore. C., and DeNinno, J., 1976. A longitudinal field investigation of the impact of group composition on group performance and cohesion. Journal of Personality and social Psychology, 34: 782-790.
    90.Thomas, J. B. and Kenneth, P. D. M., 1996. Diagnosing whether an organization is truly ready to empower work teams: A case study. Human Resource Planning, 19, 38-47.
    91.Torrance, E. P., 1966. Torrance Test of Creative Thinking Directions, Manual and Scoring Guide, Princeton, N. J.: Personnel Press, Inc..
    92.Tsui, A. and O’Reilly, C., 1989. Beyond simple demographic effects: the importance of relational demography in superior-subordinate dyads. Academy of Management Journal, 32: 402-423.
    93.Wall, V. and Nolan L., 1986, Perceptions of inequity, satisfaction, and conflict in task-oriented groups, Human Relations, 39, pp.1033-1052.
    94.Wallach, M. and Kogan, N., 1965. Models of thinking in young children. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press.
    95.Wanous, J. P. and Youtz, M. A., 1986. Solution Diversity and the Quality of Group Decisions, Academy of Management Journal, 29(1): 149-159.
    96.West, M. and Farr, J., 1989. Innovation at work: psychological perspectives, Social Behavior, 4, 15-30.
    97.Weldon, Elizabeth and Mustari, Elisa L., 1988. Felt dispensability in groups of coactors: The effects of shared responsibility and explicit anonymity on cognitive effort. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 41(3): 330-351.
    98.Winquist, J. R. and Larson, J. R. Jr., 1998. Information Pooling: When It Impacts Group Decision Making, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(2): 371-377.
    99.Woodman, R. W. and Schoenfeldt, L. F., 1990. An integrationist model of creative behavior. Journal of Creative Behavior, 24: 279-290.Yong, L. M. S. 1994. Managing creative people. Journal of Creative Behavior, 28: 16-20.
    100.Zajonc, R. B., 1980. Compresence. In P. B. Paulus (Ed.), Psychology of Group Influence. Hillsdale NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Zenger, T., & Lawrence, B. 1989. Organizational demography: the differential effects of age and tenure distributions on technical communication. Academy of Management Journal, 32: 353-376.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    科技管理研究所
    95359037
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0095359037
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[科技管理研究所] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    index.html0KbHTML297View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback