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    Title: 磨課師的教育模式創新:談現況與未來
    Innovation in Education Models: MOOCs and its now and future
    Authors: 鄒易勳
    Tsou, Yi Hsun
    Contributors: 宋皇志
    Sung, Huang Chih
    鄒易勳
    Tsou, Yi Hsun
    Keywords: 大規模開放式線上課程
    創新教育模式
    網路學習
    著作權
    MOOCs
    Innovation in education models
    Internet Learning
    Copyright
    Date: 2016
    Issue Date: 2016-03-01 10:57:22 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 2012年初,以分享高等教育資源為目標,大規模開放式線上課程(Massive Open Online Courses,MOOCs)於北美發跡。相較於過去的遠距教學,MOOCs能夠擁有龐大的修課學生數量,使得教師能夠藉由網路傳遞與分享知識予更多的學生,同時能夠掌握學生的學習狀況,並與學生互動,再加上受到Coursera、Udacity與edX的快速推廣,因此使得世界各國的學校與教師紛紛投入MOOCs的開發。
    我國教育部磨課師課程推動計畫始於2014年初,許多大專院校開始建立屬於自己的MOOCs平台,使用MOOCs授課的教師、修課的學生數量也相形增加。然而,臺灣MOOCs在發展的過程遇到以下瓶頸,例如:學生學習效果無法彰顯、平台經營資源短缺、教師參與度低落與著作權使用爭議等狀況,使得教師不願意投入製作課程,也無法有效鼓勵學生參與課程,因而使平台落入經營的困境。
    為探討MOOCs的創新教育模式與了解MOOCs目前所遭遇之瓶頸,以及其是如何提升教學效果,本研究先以文獻探討學習理論與網路學習之關係及發展,並以開設MOOCs的教師、修習MOOCs的學生與課程助教、經營MOOCs平台的人員為訪談對象,使用半結構訪談方法,嘗試了解前述困難的現況與目前已存的應對措施,並以MOOCs的創新教育模式、對教學效果的助益及MOOCs平台長期經營模式為主要探討之研究問題。
    研究發現,MOOCs不僅是創新的教育模式,更是提供教師分享知識與學生學習知識的機會,以及提升傳統遠距教學不易進行的師生互動。教師因MOOCs能精進教學技巧與開發數位教材,同時讓學校擁有爭取在教育界的知名度新管道,藉以擴展潛在學生。我國智慧財產局更啟動著作權法修正草案,包含針對網路教學的合理使用與著作授權相關規範,基於鼓勵教育的立場進行修改,讓教師與學校投入開發MOOCs教材製作之時,能擁有較高的自由程度。
    本研究建議,MOOCs平台或許能採用公益公司的角色定位為長期經營的考量,在教育市場中的定位能夠獨立於一般營利公司之外,在社會中的品牌印象更能確立在創立知識分享工具與管道,讓更多教育資源能夠被分享。
    In the early 2012, Massive Open Online Courses, MOOCs, were thrived in the aim of sharing the education resources in high level education in the North America. When being compared to the traditional distance learning, MOOCs could be larger amount of students, and could let teachers share knowledge and their professions to more students. As an innovation in education model, MOOCs also has given a way for teachers and schools to monitor the learning status of students, and to interact with students online during the progress of courses. Under the promotion of the top three platforms, Coursera, Udacity and edX, schools and teachers around the world are involved in the development of MOOCs.
    The program of MOOCs financial subsidy, which was held by the Ministry of Education, was launched in early 2014. Many schools and universities in Taiwan started establishing their own platform of MOOCs, while the amount of teachers and students using MOOCs raised as well. However, the educators met some bottlenecks in the development of MOOCs, such as unapparent positive effect on student, low participant rate from teachers, lack of resources to run the MOOCs platform, and the issues of copyrights in courses materials. Therefore, these issues made some teachers choose not to involve in MOOCs, and some students have less passion to MOOCs, letting the platforms hard to be maintained.
    To understand the innovation of MOOCs, the bottlenecks, and the way that MOOCs boost the effectiveness in teaching, I did the paper reading to figure out the relations between learning theory and the internet learning, and the developments of them. I chose the teachers, the students and the workers in MOOCs as the respondents, and I used the semi-structured interview to collect the information of past and now of MOOCs. At last, I set the innovation in education model, the effects on education from MOOCs, and the long-term operating model as my main issues in my research.
    Based on my research, I realized that MOOCs not only is an innovation in education models, but also provides chances for teacher to share and students to learn knowledges. MOOCs also provide tools and channels that increase the frequency of interactions between teachers and students online. Teachers can skill up their teaching skills and produce digital materials of courses through the production of MOOCs. Universities would have new channel to promote itself to potential students and to establish the images in the education professionals. Moreover, Taiwan Intellectual Property Office had launch the Copyright Act modification process, which includes the modification of reasonable scope for the purpose of pedagogical uses based on the encouragement of internet education. It shall let the teachers and schools have more freedom on producing the material of online courses.
    Last, MOOCs platforms may have another role called Public Benefit Corporation, which is similar to the social entrepreneurship, for the long-term operation. When being a Public Benefit Corporation, platforms can be different from Private Benefit Corporation. MOOCs can create more specific image as tools and channels of sharing knowledge, which aim to share the high level education resources outside the walls.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    科技管理與智慧財產研究所
    102364122
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0102364122
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[科技管理與智慧財產研究所] 學位論文

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