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    題名: 2014年港台社會運動之比較研究
    Social Movements in 2014: A Comparative Study on Hong Kong and Taiwan
    作者: 詹亞風
    Juarez, Adolfo Zambrana
    貢獻者: 李 明
    Lee, Ming
    詹亞風
    Adolfo Zambrana Juarez
    關鍵詞: 亞洲的學生運動
    大中國的身分認同
    雙層賽局中的民主進程
    Student movements in Asia
    Identities in Greater China
    Democratic process in a “Two level game”
    日期: 2015
    上傳時間: 2015-08-17 14:18:05 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本論文主要研究台灣學生本土宣言與香港學生宣言的相似處,且提供了此兩社群跨國界合作的機會。香港與台灣兩地的活動家在西元2014年1月13日正式接洽。香港及台灣泛民主團體的學生與政治家在台北舉行為期一周的會談,標誌著倡議民主的雙方首次接觸。
    本次爭議以地方來說,主要是反對當地政府,以國際來講,則是反對中華人民共和國。此活動有利於民主、自決與身分認同。因此,兩次社會運動與兩方社群推行相似的目標及面對共同的敵人。會談後,雙方新階段的合作展現於台灣「太陽花學運」和香港「讓愛與和平佔領中環活動」。世界正在目睹跨國家社會運動間,為了加強其宣言力量而興起的趨勢。
    本研究論點是基於社會運動影響理論,隨機在羅伯特·普特曼雙層賽局理論中,採用了道格·麥克亞當的集體行動間動態交互模型。該理論框架指出,一個國家的社會運動(香港或台灣)可以作為另一個社會的參考,尋求由地方政府創造「國際機會」(如:反對地方政策或一個國家:中華人民共和國)。這種情況已經出現於2014年9月28日,在香港突然出現的抗議活動。而且,幾乎立刻,近4000人聚集在台北的自由廣場以表支持。這樣一大群人,他們大多數為學生,在如此短的時間內聚集,此現象提供了本論文研究基礎,探討是否此情緒也在台灣學生中蔓延。
    The present thesis argues that the resemblance found between Taiwanese students in their local claims and those of Hong Kong students, has provided an opportunity for both societies to start collaborating at a transnational level. The first formal approach between Hong Kong and Taiwan activists came in January 13, 2014. Pro-democracy groups of students and politicians from Hong Kong and Taiwan gathered in Taipei for a weekend of talks. This marked the first real approach between both democratic advocates.

    Locally the struggle was directed at the governments and internationally against the PRC. The objectives of these movements favor democracy, identity and self-determination. Therefore, both social movements and societies push for similar objectives and share a common foe. After the meeting a new level of cooperation was reached between the two sides that was shown during the Sunflower movement in Taiwan and the Occupy the Central with Love and Peace OCLP in Hong Kong. The world is witnessing the dawn of a cross-national approach between social movements that seek to strengthen the force of their claims.

    The argument of the present study is based on the Social Movements Impact theory, using Professor’s Doug McAdam’s dynamic interactive model of a collective action, in a Robert Putman’s "Two Level-game" case of opportunity. This theoretical framework suggests that a social movement of one country (Hong Kong or Taiwan) can be used as a reference the society of another to renew the “international opportunity” (rejection of a local policy or a country: PRC) created by the local government. This case was seen on the on September 28, 2014 when abruptly emerged the protests in Hong Kong and, almost immediately, near four thousand people gathered at Taipei’s Liberty Square to show their support. The fact that such a large group of people, most of them students, gathered in so short period of time, provides the ground for the present study to explore if the sentiment is spread in the Taiwanese student community.
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    Encyclpedia Britannica. (2015). Encyclopedia Britannica. (E. B. Inc., Productor) Recovered 26/03/2015, From Pluralism: http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/465174/pluralism

    Fang, I. (2012). Hong Kong students and residents reject national-education classes, 2012. Recovered 06/07/2015, From Global Nonviolent Action Data Base: http://nvdatabase.swarthmore.edu/content/hong-kong-students-and-residents-reject-national-education-classes-2012

    Freedom House. (2014). Taiwan. Recovered 17/06/2015, From Freedom House: https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-press/2014/taiwan#.VYExhROqqko

    Gingery, T. (2011). Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Surveys. Recovered 21/4 /2015, From Web Survey a blog by Cvent: http://survey.cvent.com/blog/market-research-design-tips-2/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-online-surveys

    Guilford, G. (2014). Taipei now has the most expensive housing in the world—and there’s not much it can do to fix that. Recovered 26/05/2015, From Quartz: http://qz.com/212347/taipei-now-has-the-most-expensive-housing-in-the-world-and-theres-not-much-it-can-do-to-fix-that/

    Haridasani, A. (2015). Big prices in little Taipei: Why is property so expensive in Taiwan's capital? Recovered 26/05/2015, From CNN: http://edition.cnn.com/2015/04/22/business/taiwan-taipei-expensive-housing-market/
    Harrison, M. (2012). The China Story: The Anti-Media Monopoly Movement 反媒體壟斷運動 in Taiwan. Recovered 26/06/2015, From Australian Center on China in the World : http://www.thechinastory.org/2012/12/the-anti-media-monopoly-movement-%E5%8F%8D%E5%AA%92%E9%AB%94%E5%A3%9F%E6%96%B7%E9%81%8B%E5%8B%95-in-taiwan/

    Higgins, A. (2014). Protesters besiege Hong Kong plaza as crisis over ‘national education’ mounts. Recovered 01/11/2014, From The Washington Post: http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/protesters-besiege-hong-kong-plaza-as-crisis-over-national-education-mounts/2012/09/06/cb2ff548-f80e-11e1-a93b-7185e3f88849_story.html

    Hioe, B. (2014). Beyond The Sunflower Movement: Present Issues for Future Taiwanese Activism . Recovered 28/05/2015, From Thinking Taiwan: http://thinking-taiwan.com/beyond-the-sunflower-movement/

    Hsiu-chuan, S. (2014). Ma blames China for FTA gap . Recovered 06/07/2015, From Taipei Times: http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2014/12/28/2003607781

    Hsiu-chuan, S. (2013). Resolve divided national identity: Lee Teng-hui. Recovered 05/ 07/2015, from Taipei Times: http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2013/03/17/2003557269

    Hsu, J. W. (2014). Hong Kong Protests Bring Out Supporters in Taiwan. Recovered 20/06/2015, From The Wall Street Journal: http://blogs.wsj.com/chinarealtime/2014/09/29/hong-kong-protests-bring-out-supporters-in-taiwan/

    Hsu, J. W. (2014). Polite Protests: Hong Kong Movement Draws Comparisons to Taiwan’s. Recovered 21/04/2015, From The Wall Street Journal: http://blogs.wsj.com/chinarealtime/2014/10/01/polite-protests-hong-kong-movement-draws-comparisons-to-taiwans/

    Hsu, S., & Chang , R. (2014). Separate polls put Ma’s approval rate under 18 percent. Recovered 11/06/2015, From Taipei Times: http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2014/05/14/2003590295

    Huang, J., & Li, X. (2010). Inseparable Separation The making of China's Taiwan Policy. (J. Huang, & X. Li, Edits.) Singapore, Singapore, Singapore: World Scientific.

    Hunt, K. (2014). Hong Kong protests: What you need to know. Recovered 10/11/2014, From CNN News : http://edition.cnn.com/2014/09/27/world/asia/hong-kong-five-things/

    Iyengar, R. (2014). 6 Questions You Might Have About Hong Kong’s Umbrella Revolution. Recovered 10/12/2014, From Time Magazine: http://time.com/3471366/hong-kong-umbrella-revolution-occupy-central-democracy-explainer-6-questions/

    J.R. (2014). The Economist. Recovered 30/03/2015, From Sunflower Sutra: http://www.economist.com/blogs/banyan/2014/04/politics-taiwan

    Kaiman, J. (2014). China censors images of Hong Kong protests in TV broadcasts to mainland. Recovered 11/11/2014, From The Guardian: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/sep/29/china-censors-images-hong-kong-protests

    Kaiman, J. (2014). The Guardian. Recovered 11/11/2014, de Hong Kong’s umbrella revolution - From Guardian briefing: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/sep/30/-sp-hong-kong-umbrella-revolution-pro-democracy-protests

    Kaiman, J. (2014). Who guides Hong Kong’s ‘Umbrella Revolution’ pro-democracy movement? Recovered 07/05/2015, From The guardian: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/sep/30/hong-kong-pro-democracy-protest-leaders-occupy

    Kasoff, I. E. (2014). Hong Kong Demonstrations, Taiwan Connections. Recovered 1/04 /2015, From World Affairs Council: http://www.worldaffairs.org/blog/542-hong-kong-demonstrations

    Kasoff, I. E. (2014). Hong Kong Demonstrations, Taiwan Connections. Recovered 20/06 /2015, From World Affairs Council of Northern California: http://www.worldaffairs.org/blog/542-hong-kong-demonstrations

    Knapp, T. R. (1990). Treating Ordinal Scales as Interval Scales: An Attempt To Resolve the Controversy. Recovered From Universidade Federal do rio grande do sul: http://www.mat.ufrgs.br/~viali/estatistica/mat2282/material/textos/treating_ordinal_scales[1].pdf

    McLeod, S. (2008). Likert Scale. Recovered 22/4/2015, From Symply Psychology: http://www.simplypsychology.org/likert-scale.html

    Mainland Affairs Council Republic of China (Taiwan). (2014). Frank Response to Public Demand, Special Law for Supervision of Cross-Strait Agreements Proposed . Recovered 29/05/2015, From Mainland Affairs Council Republic of China (Taiwan): http://www.mac.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=108595&ctNode=6337&mp=3

    Mancini, F. (2014). Hong Kong Protests: Implications for China and Beyond. Recovered 1/03/2015, From IPI Global Observatory: http://theglobalobservatory.org/2014/10/protests-hong-kong-intensify-impacts-grow/

    Merriam-Webster. (2015). self–determination. Recovered 25/05/2015, From Merriam-Webster: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/self-determination

    National Chengchi University. (2015). About NCCU. Recovered 1/04/2015, From National Chengchi University: http://www.nccu.edu.tw/en/about

    National Statistics Republc of China (Taiwan). (2014). Population. Recovered 10/04/2015, From National Statistics Republc of China (Taiwan): http://eng.stat.gov.tw/public/Attachment/41018441CA7EAUC2.pdf

    National Taiwan Normal University. (2015). About NTNU. Recovered 01/04/2015, From National Taiwan Normal University: http://www.ntnu.edu.tw/oia/multi/english/aboutNTNU.html

    National Taiwan University. (2015). About us. Recovered 01/04/2015, From National Taiwan University: http://www.ntu.edu.tw/engv4/about/about.html

    Occupy the Central With Love and Peace . (s.f.). Manifesto 信念書英文版. Recovered From Occupy the Central With Love and Peace : http://oclp.hk/index.php?route=occupy/book_detail&book_id=11

    Occupy the Central With Love and Peace. (2014). Frequently Asked Questions. Recovered 10/11/2014, From Occupy the Central With Love and Peace: http://oclphkenglish.wordpress.com/about-2/faq/

    Pan, J. (2014). Taiwan fans defy officials to back HK protests at game. Recovered 01/07 /2015, From Taipei Times: http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2014/11/18/2003604721

    Poon, A. (2012). Next Media Secures Sale of Taiwan Media. Recovered 17/06/2015, From The Wall Street Journal: http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424127887324469304578146230749109880

    PropGod Services Limited. (2015). Hong Kong. Recovered 04/07/2015, From Reality Invest Fund: http://www.realtyinvestment.fund/city/hong-kong

    Ramzy, A. (2014). 25 Years Later, Student Leaders Witness Freedoms Fought for in Tiananmen. Recovered 31/3/2015, From The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/06/world/asia/25-years-later-student-leaders-witness-freedoms-fought-for-in-tiananmen.html

    Rowen, I. (2014). Inside Taiwan's Sunflower Movement where Asia's largest student uprising is blooming. Recovered 29/05/2015, From Occupy.com: http://www.occupy.com/article/inside-taiwans-sunflower-movement-%E2%80%93-where-asias-largest-student-uprising-blooming

    Rowen, I. (2014). Occupational Ethnography in the Taiwan Sunflower and Hong Kong Umbrella Movements. Recovered 22/04/2015, From Anthropology News: http://www.anthropology-news.org/index.php/2015/03/31/occupational-ethnography-in-the-taiwan-sunflower-and-hong-kong-umbrella-movements/

    Sala, I. M. (2015). Creeping censorship in Hong Kong: how China controls sale of sensitive books. Recovered 29/06/2015, From The Guardian: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/may/19/censorship-in-hong-kong-how-china-controls-sale-of-sensitive-books

    Sagan, A. (2014). Hong Kong protests: 5 things to know about the 'umbrella revolution'. Recovered 10/11/2014, From CNBC News: http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/hong-kong-protests-5-things-to-know-about-the-umbrella-revolution-1.2781208

    Shan, S. (2012). Protesters call for Want Want chairman to apologize. Recovered 05/07 /2015, From Taipei Times: http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2012/08/01/2003539148

    South China Morning Post. (2013). Would Hongkongers vote to return to a British overseas territory, given the option? Recovered 1/1 /2015, From South China Morning Post: http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/poll/1189161/would-hongkongers-vote-return-british-overseas-territory-given-option

    Sui, C. (2014). Why Taiwan is watching Hong Kong protests. Recovered 22/06/2015, From BBC News: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-29422233

    Swarthmore College. (2015). Taiwanese student sit-in for human rights (The Wild Strawberry Movement), 2008. Recovered 11/06/2015, From Global Nonviolent Action Database: http://nvdatabase.swarthmore.edu/content/taiwanese-student-sit-human-rights-wild-strawberry-movement-2008

    Taiwan Ministry of Labor. (2015). Introduction to “Guidelines for the Youth Employment Subsidy”. Recovered 26/05/2015, From Taiwan Labor e-Quarterly: http://twlabor.tier.org.tw/Files/20150330000_e21.pdf

    Taiwan Ministry of Labor. (2012). The Youth Employment Promotion Policy in Taiwan. Recovered 26/05/2015, From Taiwan Labor e-Quarterly : http://twlabor.tier.org.tw/Files_E/20130417152810e_13.pdf

    Tam , A., & Symington , A. (2014). Hong Kong protesters gear up for biggest demostrations yet. Recovered 11/11/2014, From Bussines Insider: http://www.businessinsider.com/afp-hong-kong-protesters-gear-up-for-biggest-demonstration-yet-2014-10

    The Basic Law of the Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. (2014). Chapter IV : Political Structure . Recovered 10/11/2014, From The Basic Law of the Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China: http://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/basiclawtext/chapter_4.html

    The Economist. (2014). Told you so: The protests in Hong Kong fuel Taiwan’s distrust of China. Recovered 1/04/2015, From The Economist: http://www.economist.com/news/asia/21629514-protests-hong-kong-fuel-taiwans-distrust-china-told-you-so

    The Guardian. (2015). The Guardian view on Hong Kong’s rejection of China’s proposals: another chance for compromise missed Editorial. Recovered 06/ 07/2015, From The Guardian: http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jun/19/guardian-view-on-hong-kong-rejection-china-proposals-beijing

    The Japan Times. (2014). Thousands rally in Taiwan to support Hong Kong protesters. Recovered 21/04/2015, From The Japan Times: http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/10/02/asia-pacific/thousands-rally-taiwan-support-hong-kong-protesters/#.VTZjJq2qqkp

    The Telegraph. (2014). Hong Kong protests: China's 'umbrella revolution' in pictures. Recovered 20/10/2014, de The Telegraph : http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/hongkong/11133514/Chinas-umbrella-revolution-Pro-democracy-protests-in-Hong-Kong-in-pictures.html?frame=3058300

    The World Trade Organization. (2015). China and the WTO. Recovered 05/07/2015, From The World Trade Organization: https://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/countries_e/china_e.htm

    The World Trade Organization. (2015). Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu (Chinese Taipei) and the WTO. Recovered 05/07/2015, From World Trade Organization: https://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/countries_e/chinese_taipei_e.htm
    Tilly, C. (2004). Social Movements, 1768-2004. Boulder, Colorado, USA: Paradigm Publishers, LLC.

    University of Hong Kong. (2014). HKU POP releases latest survey on Hong Kong people’s ethnic identity. Recovered 20/11/2014, From Public Opinion Programme University of Hong Kong: http://hkupop.hku.hk/english/release/release1150.html

    University of Hong Kong. (2014). Ming Pao sponsored “Survey on CE Election and Occupy Central Campaign” (fifth round). Recovered 14/11/2014 , From Public Opinion Program University of Hong Kong: http://hkupop.hku.hk/english/report/mpCEnOCCw5/index.html

    USC US-China Institute. (2010). China-Taiwan Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA) June 29,2010. Recovered 05/17/ 2015, From USC Annenberg: China-Taiwan Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA), June 29, 2010 - See more at: http://china.usc.edu/china-taiwan-economic-cooperation-framework-agreement-ecfa-june-29-2010#sthash.CvnuvhOF.dpuf

    Want Want China. (2015). Corporate Overview . Recovered 05/07/2015, From Want Want China: http://www.want-want.com/en/about/

    Wee, D., & Tsang, E. (2014). Hongkongers show support for Taiwanese student protesters. Recovered 04/ 07/2015, From South China Morning Post: http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1454342/hongkongers-show-support-taiwanese-student-protesters

    Wei, Z., & Hsu, E. (2015). Taiwan's young people take 2.1 months to find first job: survey. Recovered 26/05/2015, From Focus Taiwan News Channel: http://focustaiwan.tw/news/aeco/201503250019.aspx

    Wen, L. (2014). Taiwanese show solidarity via Taipei sit-in. Recovered 20/06/2015, From Taipei Times: http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2014/09/29/2003600816

    Wong, E. (2014). Some Hong Kong Residents, Weary of Disruptions, Find Fault With Protesters’ Methods. Recovered 04/11/2014, From The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/03/world/some-hong-kong-residents-weary-of-disruptions-criticize-protesters-methods.html

    Wong, E., & Wong, A. (2014). Seeking Identity, ‘Hong Kong People’ Look to City, Not State. Recovered 13/11/2014, From The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/08/world/asia/hong-kong-people-looking-in-mirror-see-fading-chinese-identity.html?_r=0

    Yuan, Z. (3 2014). China’s Influence on Taiwan’s Media. Recovered 17/ 06/2015, From Thinking Taiwan: http://thinking-taiwan.com/chinas-influence-on-taiwans-media/
    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    亞太研究英語碩士學位學程(IMAS)
    102926031
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0102926031
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS) ] 學位論文

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