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    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 期刊論文 >  Item 140.119/74896
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/74896

    Title: Exercise mode and executive function in older adults: An ERP study of task-switching
    Authors: Dai, Chih-Ta
    Chang, Y.-K.
    Huang, C.-J.
    Hung, T.-M.
    Contributors: 心理系
    Keywords: accuracy;aged;article;closed skill exercise;comparative study;controlled study;event related potential;executive function;exercise;facilitation;female;human;human experiment;irregular exercise;latent period;male;metabolic equivalent;nerve potential;nervous system parameters;normal human;open skill exercise;P3 amplitude;priority journal;reaction time;self report;task performance;task switching paradigm;working memory;Executive function;Physical activity;Task-switching;Working memory;Aged;Attention;Brain;Evoked Potentials;Executive Function;Exercise;Female;Humans;Male;Memory, Short-Term;Reaction Time
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2015-04-28 17:00:22 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between exercise mode and executive function and its effect on behavior and neuroelectric activity. Forty-eight older adults were classified into open-skill, closed-skill, and irregular exercise groups based on their experience of exercise participation. Executive function was measured via a task-switching paradigm, in which the behavioral indices and event-related potentials elicited by task-switching were assessed. The results revealed that the exercise groups, regardless of the exercise mode, exhibited faster reaction times in both global and local switches than the irregular exercise group, regardless of the within-task conditions. Similarly, larger P3 amplitudes were observed in both exercise groups compared to the irregular exercise group. Moreover, additional facilitation effects of open-skill exercises on global switch costs were observed, whereas no differences in local switch costs were found among the three groups. The results replicate previous studies that have reported generally improved executive function after participation in exercises; additionally, they extend the current knowledge by indicating that these cognitive improvements in specific aspects of executive function could also be obtained from open-skill exercises. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
    Relation: Brain and Cognition, 83(2), 153-162
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2013.07.007
    DOI: 10.1016/j.bandc.2013.07.007
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 期刊論文

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