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    题名: Working Memory Does Not Dissociate Between Different Perceptual Categorization Tasks
    作者: Yang, Lee-Xieng;Lewandowsky, Stephan;Newell, Ben R.;Kalish, Michael L.
    楊立行
    贡献者: 心理系
    关键词: category learning;multiple memory systems;perceptual categorization;working memory;arithmetic;reasoning
    日期: 2012
    上传时间: 2015-04-08 16:10:10 (UTC+8)
    摘要: Working memory is crucial for many higher level cognitive functions, ranging from mental arithmetic to reasoning and problem solving. Likewise, the ability to learn and categorize novel concepts forms an indispensable part of human cognition. However, very little is known about the relationship between working memory and categorization. This article reports 2 studies that related people's working memory capacity (WMC) to their learning performance on multiple rule-based and information-integration perceptual categorization tasks. In both studies, structural equation modeling revealed a strong relationship between WMC and category learning irrespective of the requirement to integrate information across multiple perceptual dimensions. WMC was also uniformly related to people's ability to focus on the most task-appropriate strategy, regardless of whether or not that strategy involved information integration. Contrary to the predictions of the multiple systems view of categorization, working memory thus appears to underpin performance in both major classes of perceptual category-learning tasks.
    關聯: Journal of Experimental Psychology-learning Memory and Cognition - J EXP PSYCHOL-LEARN MEM COGN , vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 881-904
    数据类型: article
    DOI 連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0027298
    DOI: 10.1037/a0027298
    显示于类别:[心理學系] 期刊論文

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