中國大陸於九0 年代中期，將聽證制度引入行政決策及立法領域，此於決策之多元化及一般民眾之政治參與均有所影響，被認為是中國政治改革的最新進展。中國大陸立法為何於此時引進以前被譏為資本主義之聽證制度？此於其立法過程中之意見匯集有何衝擊？中國大陸聽證制度的概念與具體運用為何？中國大陸傳統立法過程中意見匯集有何不足？是否受到加入WTO 的影響？立法聽證的功效如果？進一步推廣有那些限制性因素？在「社會主義民主」概念下的聽證會有何特色？是否有助於公民政治效能感的提昇？對中國大陸未來的民主化有何影響？推動聽證制度的主要目的是增加決策的民主程度？還是增進統治的有效性？本研究係針對中國大陸立法制度，已自過去動員式，逐漸演進為有限參與的意見匯集，據此進行探討，並對目前仍處於試驗階段的立法聽證制度進行實地的訪談研究。在理論建構方面，藉助比較研究分析途徑，期對聽證制度的功能建立初步的評估，並藉以觀察中國大陸，在引進聽證制度後，立法透明度是否有所增加。 Mainland China’s legislature started to practice the hearing system since themid-1990s. The new method would no doubt help to diversify the decision-making process and increase the participation by ordinary people in politics. It is deemed by some as the latest round in the tumultuous drive towards reforming its political system in the post-Cultural Revolution period. This study intends to answer the following questions: Why did China introduce the hearings into its legislative process? What are the intended purposes of this? Is there any impact on the process of opinion-articulation in legislation? What are the concepts and practice of the hearing in China? Would it help with the transparency of China’s opaque political process? What is wrong with the traditional opinion-articulation in China’s legislative process? Did the accession into the World Trade Organization bear any influence on the adoption of the new system? What might be the obstacles in order to promote the new system throughout the nation? What are the characteristics of legislative hearing under “socialist democracy”? Would legislative hearings help increase political efficacy? Or, would it simply serve as another tool in the consolidation of the communist rule? This study is conducted in the backdrop of a transition of China’s political system. It has been gradually shaped from that of a mobilized system to that of a limited participatory system. The writers intend to take a filed trip to the Southwest province of China, Sichuan, to observe in person the newly introduced system. It is hoped that a preliminary assessment on the new practice can be derived as a result.