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    题名: Neighborhood Size Effects of Chinese Words in Lexical Decision and Reading
    作者: 蔡介立
    Tsai,Jie-Li;Lee,Chia-Ying;Lin,Ying-Chun;Tzeng,Ovid J. L.;Hung, Daisy L
    贡献者: 心理系
    关键词: Chinese compound word;neighborhood size;lexical decision;eye movements
    日期: 2006
    上传时间: 2014-07-22 17:23:56 (UTC+8)
    摘要: Two experiments manipulating neighborhood size and word frequency were used to investigate the lexical processing of Chinese words. The neighborhood size of a word is defined as the number of two-character words sharing the same initial constituent character. The first experiment measured the response latencies of lexical decision and the second experiment recorded the eye movements in reading the same set of stimuli embedded in sentences. Both lexical decision times and eye movement measures consistently showed the facilitative effects of neighborhood size. Words with many neighbors produced faster response of lexical decision, higher skipping rate, and shorter fixation duration than words with few neighbors. The results indicate that, representations of all neighboring word are partially activated and play a supportive role in the early stage of lexical access. One of the issues for visual word identification concerns the influence of a set of lexical items that share similar features with the target word. This issue has been addressed by many investigations of orthographic neighborhood size in word reading. Research in alphabetic languages has shown that processing time for identifying a word is affected by its neighboring words, which contain similar orthographic information by sharing many letters at the same positions. The neighborhood effects indicate that, when attempting to identify a word, not only can the target word's representation be activated, but so can lexically similar words. In Chinese, more than 70% of the words in the modern lexicon are made up of two or three characters. Many of these compound words share the same constituent character in the same character position. The investigation of neighborhood size effect can shed some light on how lexical knowledge is represented
    關聯: Language and Linguistics,7(3),659-675
    数据类型: article
    显示于类别:[心理學系] 期刊論文

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