After the lift of martial law, civil society called for media liberalization; however, the liberalization of media did not necessarily bring about democracy. The commercialization and marketization of broadcasting media has been accelerating along with the general liberalization of politics and the economy. Once the restrictions were lifted, the market replaced the state as the major censorship mechanism. In the transformation of Taiwan’s media market and broadcasting regulation, license policy is a critical issue that reveals the competition of different values and different forces among state, capital and civil society. To have a better understanding of this transformation, this research applies the political economic approach to look into policy making and change in the social context. This study concerns that why did the policy of broadcasting license change, what forces interplayed in the process and how to design license policy and include civic participation to ensure that policy making serves public interests. This study is designed as a two-year project: in the first year we will focus on historic and dynamic analysis of policy making and execution of broadcasting license. In the second year, we will conduct comparative studies and gather opinions from the academic circle and citizen organizations to make a proposal on broadcasting license and civic participation.