Over the past few decades, intangible assets, such as knowledge, patents, and innovation, have been identified as fundamental sources of wealth and progress. These assets represent a major concern for business firms, their stakeholders, policy makers and world organisations for proper positioning in the world competition and for wise resource allocation. As a result, measuring the intangibles has become a challenge. This paper reports a validated national intellectual capital measurement model, consisting human capital, market capital, process capital, renewal capital and financial capital that enables nations to conduct comparisons, benchmarking, refining and re-orienting national development strategies for sustaining their competitive advantages. The national intellectual capital ranking for 41 countries and their dynamic development are also elaborated.
International Journal of Knowledge Based Development, 3(1), 58-82