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    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 期刊論文 >  Item 140.119/65450
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/65450


    Title: Outcome-based observational learning in human infants
    Authors: 黃啟泰
    Huang, Chi-Tai
    Contributors: 心理系
    Date: 2012.05
    Issue Date: 2014-04-17 12:38:26 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Previous work shows that infants manifest emulation learning in the use of end-state information. Outcome-based emulation has been interpreted as affordance learning or goal attribution. The present paper explores whether these two learning possibilities might be related. In 3 experiments, 17-month-old infants (N = 180) were presented with action outcomes across a variety of contexts and tasks: They observed either the full demonstration or the model's starting and final postures, plus the initial and end states of the object, or the latter portion of the foregoing display, or the end state of the object alone. The tasks included combinatory, noncombinatory, and body movement acts. Infants reproduced observed outcomes most often by observing the full demonstration. A similar effect was attained by exposure to both posture and configuration changes, but the effect was subject to the combinatory nature of the apparatus. In contrast, performance was less efficient after seeing the object's end state alone, suggesting that infants in the previous conditions did not simply emulate in association with the affordances. These findings support the notion that goal attribution based on sensitivity to bodily cues is reliant on the clarity of the affordances of a task.
    Relation: Journal of Comparative Psychology, 126(2), 139-149
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0025312
    DOI: 10.1037/a0025312
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 期刊論文

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