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    题名: Agent-based modeling of the El Farol Bar problem
    作者: 陳樹衡
    Chen, Shu-Heng;Gostoli, Umberto
    贡献者: 經濟系
    关键词: El Farol Bar problem;Social Preferences;Social Networks;Self-Organization;Emergence of Coordination
    日期: 2012
    上传时间: 2014-03-20 16:23:54 (UTC+8)
    摘要: In this paper, we study the self-coordination problem as demonstrated by the well-known El Farol problem (Arthur, 1994), which has later become what is known as the minority game in the econophysics community. While the El Farol problem or the minority game has been studied for almost two decades, existing studies are mostly only concerned with efficiency. The equality issue, however, has been largely neglected. In this paper, we build an agent-based model to study both efficiency and equality and ask whether a decentralized society can ever possibly self-coordinate a result with the highest efficiency while also maintaining the highest degree of equality. Our agent-based model shows the possibility of achieving this social optimum. The two key determinants to make this happen are social preferences and social networks. Hence, not only doe institutions (networks) matter, but individual characteristics (preferences) also matter. The latter are open to human-subject experiments for further examination.
    關聯: Simulation in Computational Finance and Economics: Tools and Emerging Applications, IGI Global, chapter 17, 359-377
    数据类型: book/chapter
    DOI 連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-2011-7.ch017
    DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2011-7.ch017
    显示于类别:[經濟學系] 專書/專書篇章

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