本文蒐集整理產業與官方統計資料，析論發現1990年代以來台灣紀錄片發展的關鍵，在於輔導金等政府對產製的補助、及公視與影展等公部門挹注的映演管道。公部門因此成為紀錄片產製的最主要雇主，工作者則成為其下的影視外包勞工。調查與訪談則發現，受限於公部門資源有限及政策偏向，紀錄片製作經費與映演空間仍嫌不足，創作者的勞動條件普遍不佳。本文建議政府透過政策引介更多管道資源，以改善創作者工作環境與促進紀錄片發展。 This paper started with illustrations on the features of production and consumption of Taiwanese documentaries by conducting an industrial survey. It was believed that two factors are normally critical for the development of documentaries. One is governmental subsidies for film productions and public television, and the other one is public funding film exhibitions that support documentary circulations. Hence, the public sector becomes the most significant “employer” of local productions and turns documentary producers into its “subcontracting film workers.” However, the limitations of public funding and the blind spots of related policies have resulted in the insufficient resources for local productions and circulations. Under such circumstances, documentary producers suffer from poor working conditions, which the later part of this paper would discuss by using the results of a questionnaire survey and in-depth interviews. The paper at the end suggested that the government should introduce more sources of funding to improve the working rights of documentary practitioners and facilitate the development of local productions.
新聞學研究, 107, 47-87 Mass Communication Research, 107, 47-87