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    Title: 中英知識本體與概念隱喻
    Other Titles: Ontologies and Conceptual Metaphors in English and Mandarin
    Authors: 鍾曉芳;安可思;黃居仁
    Contributors: 英文系
    Keywords: 知識本體;概念隱喻;跨語言;隱喻底層原因
    ontology;conceptual metaphor;cross-linguistics;underlying reason
    Date: 2013.01
    Issue Date: 2013-11-12 18:11:25 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 關於教導與學習經濟隱喻的研究,通常都強調不同語言間隱喻的異同,而很少會注意到為何不同的語言會使用不同的概念隱喻。甚至會發現很難精確解釋,為何有些隱喻在不同的語言就會有相似或相異的形式。本文示範了一種勾勒概念理據輪廓的方法---透過上層知識本體(Suggested Upper Merged Ontology 建議上層共用知識本體,SUMO),而概念理據可能就是不同文化使用的概念隱喻有所異同的原因。本文以中英文為例說明此方法,也解釋了為何有些概念隱喻對於中文-英文學習者而言更困難,反之亦然。
    Previous studies on the teaching and learning of economic metaphors often emphasize the similarities and differences cross-linguistically. Few have looked at the reasons why different conceptual metaphor terms are used in two languages. One may even find it hard to pinpoint why some metaphors are interpreted as similar or different forms in a different language. This becomes more difficult for natural language understanding where representations of human language are made for machine to process. This paper demonstrates a methodology that is able to outline the conceptual motivations that may have caused the similarities and differences of conceptual metaphors used in different cultures. These motivations are the underlying reasons that show the shared or differing conceptual systems and they were discovered through using an upper ontology (i.e., the Suggested Upper Merged Ontology or SUMO). This paper exemplifies the use of this methodology through using Mandarin and English data. The results provide explanation as to why certain conceptual metaphors cause more difficulty to Mandarin-English learners, and vice versa
    Relation: 當代語言學, 15(2), 195-213
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[英國語文學系] 期刊論文

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