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    政大機構典藏 > 商學院 > 資訊管理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/60218
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/60218

    Title: 文件距離為基礎kNN分群技術與新聞事件偵測追蹤之研究
    A study of relative text-distance-based kNN clustering technique and news events detection and tracking
    Authors: 陳柏均
    Chen, Po Chun
    Contributors: 楊建民
    Chen, Po Chun
    Keywords: 文字探勘
    Text Mining
    Events Detection and Tracking
    Classification and Clustering
    Date: 2010
    Issue Date: 2013-09-04 16:59:37 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 新聞事件可描述為「一個時間區間內、同一主題的相似新聞之集合」,而新聞大多僅是一完整事件的零碎片段,其內容也易受到媒體立場或撰寫角度不同有所差異;除此之外,龐大的新聞量亦使得想要瞭解事件全貌的困難度大增。因此,本研究將利用文字探勘技術群聚相關新聞為事件,以增進新聞所帶來的價值。
    分類分群為文字探勘中很常見的步驟,亦是本研究將新聞群聚成事件所運用到的主要方法。最近鄰 (k-nearest neighbor, kNN)搜尋法可視為分類法中最常見的演算法之一,但由於kNN在分類上必須要每篇新聞兩兩比較並排序才得以選出最近鄰,這也產生了kNN在實作上的效能瓶頸。本研究提出了一個「建立距離參考基準點」的方法RTD-based kNN (Relative Text-Distance-based kNN),透過在向量空間中建立一個基準點,讓所有文件利用與基準點的相對距離建立起遠近的關係,使得在選取前k個最近鄰之前,直接以相對關係篩選出較可能的候選文件,進而選出前k個最近鄰,透過相對距離的概念減少比較次數以改善效率。
    本研究於Google News中抽取62個事件(共742篇新聞),並依其分群結果作為測試與評估依據,以比較RTD-based kNN與kNN新聞事件分群時的績效。實驗結果呈現出RTD-based kNN的基準點以常用字字彙建立較佳,分群後的再合併則有助於改善結果,而在RTD-based kNN與kNN的F-measure並無顯著差距(α=0.05)的情況下,RTD-based kNN的運算時間低於kNN達28.13%。顯示RTD-based kNN能提供新聞事件分群時一個更好的方法。最後,本研究提供一些未來研究之方向。
    News Events can be described as "the aggregation of many similar news that describe the particular incident within a specific timeframe". Most of news article portraits only a part of a passage, and many of the content are bias because of different media standpoint or different viewpoint of reporters; in addition, the massive news source increases complexity of the incident. Therefore, this research paper employs Text Mining Technique to cluster similar news to a events that can value added a news contributed.
    Classification and Clustering technique is a frequently used in Text Mining, and K-nearest neighbor(kNN) is one of most common algorithms apply in classification. However, kNN requires massive comparison on each individual article, and it becomes the performance bottlenecks of kNN. This research proposed Relative Text-Distance-based kNN(RTD-based kNN), the core concept of this method is establish a Base, a distance reference point, through a Vector Space, all documents can create the distance relationship through the relative distance between itself and base. Through the concept of relative distance, it can decrease the number of comparison and improve the efficiency.
    This research chooses a sample of 62 events (with total of 742 news articles) from Google News for the test and evaluation. Under the condition of RTD-based kNN and kNN with a no significant difference in F-measure (α=0.05), RTD-based kNN out perform kNN in time decreased by 28.13%. This confirms RTD-based kNN is a better method in clustering news event. At last, this research provides some of the research aspect for the future.
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    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0098356015
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[資訊管理學系] 學位論文

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