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    Title: 智財基金的核心資源與價值創造策略
    Core Resources and Value Creation Strategies of Intellectual Property Fund
    Authors: 錢睿宏
    Chien, Jui Hung
    Contributors: 李治安
    Lee, Jyh An
    錢睿宏
    Chien, Jui Hung
    Keywords: 專利權
    智財基金
    專利未實施者
    高智發明
    智財銀行
    Patent Right
    Intellectual Property Fund
    Non-Practicing Entity
    Intellectual Venture
    IP Bank
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2013-09-03
    Abstract: 由於世界各國企業將智慧財產運用與加值的戰略地位不斷升高,使得除了企業對於智慧財產的渴求外,政府也必須將智慧財產的保護策略提升至國家思考層級。因此,各式各樣的專利聯盟成立與智財基金的出現,使得整個智財交易模式形成另一種嶄新的型態。本文主旨即在研究智財基金架構下的專利經營管理公司,如何使製造型企業體得到開放式創新的優勢。首先本文由開放性創新角度出發,討論企業如何藉由智慧財產加值創造競爭優勢,再討論專利未實施者(NPEs) 如何以專利訴訟對製造業產生營運上的威脅。接下來則是介紹目前世界上著名的各種智財基金及其營運方式,藉由觀察主要服務項目以及基金設立宗旨,可以了解製造型企業如何利用各種智財基金以創造自身策略優勢。本文將智財基金分為四類,並將前述已經介紹的智財基金進行分類;將各類別智財基金的營運方式作有系統化的整理。最後則是分析智財基金對於會員企業的網路效果,並說明企業選擇對該智財基金的因素以及繼續使用的誘因,藉以對未加入智財基金會員的企業作選擇上的建議。
    Since enterprises over the world increasingly emphasize the importance of utilization and value-add activities, governments also use their resources to protect intellectual properties. Therefore, the occurrence of a variety of patent alliances and intellectual property funds renew the styles of the transaction of intellectual property. The main concept of this thesis is to research the patent intermediaries established by intellectual property fund, and their methodologies for enterprises to obtain the advantages of open innovation. In the beginning, this thesis starts from the theorem of open innovation, and discusses how enterprises create core competence by value-add of intellectual property, and the author focuses on the how non-practicing entities threaten enterprises by patent litigations. Then, this thesis introduces famous intellectual property funds and their management. By understanding their core business and purposes, we can realize how the enterprises utilize the funds to create their dominant strategies. In addition, the author categorize the aforementioned funds into four types, and state the business of those funds systematically. In the last part, this thesis analyze the network effect of the member enterprises, and address the reasons for the enterprises to choose the funds and the incentives to extent the contract. After reading this thesis, enterprises who didn’t have memberships can be properly suggested to choose an intellectual property fund.
    第一章 緒論 1
    第一節 研究動機與目的 1
    第二節 研究範圍及架構 4
    第三節 相關文獻回顧 5
    第一項 開放性創新與智慧財產的關聯 6
    第二項 專利經營管理公司的演變 10
    第三項 企業競爭優勢與智財策略之關聯性 11
    第四項 考慮專利組合的智慧財產策略 13
    第二章 專利未實施者對製造型企業的威脅 15
    第一節 專利未實施者之要脅行為 17
    第二節 要脅行為的獲利模式 20
    第三節 專利要脅行為的影響 22
    第三章 專利聚集與智財基金的關聯性 30
    第一節 專利聚集產生的原因 30
    第一項 企業的競爭策略 31
    第二項 智財基金的專利聚集策略 32
    第二節 企業選擇參與智財基金的理由 34
    第四章 企業選擇參與智財基金的理由 39
    第一節 高智發明 40
    第二節 Rational Patent Exchange,RPX 47
    第三節 Allied Security Trust,AST 50
    第四節 日本產業革新機構(INCJ) 53
    第五節 韓國智財基金 58
    第六節 歐洲智財基金 60
    第七節 中國中以智庫 61
    第八節 台灣工研院智財基金 63
    第九節 德國專利選擇基金(Patent Select) 67
    第十節 瑞士金米產品發展夥伴計畫(Golden Rice product development partnership) 69
    第十一節 本章小結 72
    第五章 智財基金分類型態 73
    第一節 四種智財基金的型態與定義 73
    第二節 販賣者類型智財基金 75
    第三節 培育者類型智財基金 77
    第四節 互助會類型智財基金 81
    第五節 慈善家類型智財基金 84
    第六章 智財基金的對企業會員的網路效果 87
    第一節 財務導向的網路效果 87
    第二節 策略導向的網路效果 89
    第七章 結論 92
    第一節 本文研究貢獻 92
    第二節 本文在管理實務上之運用 94
    第三節 研究建議 98
    參考文獻 99


    表目錄
    表一 智財基金對企業的影響 35
    表二 智財基金基本資料比較表 72


    圖目錄
    圖一 智財運用在封閉式經營與開放式經營的比較 9
    圖二 智財基金與原始專利權人與被授權人的專利授權關係 34
    圖三 高智發明的營運模式 46
    圖四 RPX的營運模式 49
    圖五 AST的經營流程 51
    圖六 INCJ的投資決策過程 55
    圖七 韓國政府建置智財基金的營運模式 59
    圖八 台灣政府建構之智財基金的營運模式 64
    圖九 台灣政府建構之智財基金與產學研界的關聯 66
    圖十 四種智財基金的型態與分類 74
    圖十一 販賣者類型智財基金的價值創造策略 78
    圖十二 培育者類型智財基金的價值創造策略 81
    圖十三 互助會類型智財基金的價值創造策略 84
    圖十四 慈善家類型智財基金的價值創造策略 86
    圖十五 智財基金的四種功能面向 95
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    智慧財產研究所
    98361006
    101
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0098361006
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[智慧財產研究所] 學位論文

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