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    Title: 開放教育資源之理論與實踐
    The Theory and Practice of Open Educational Resources
    Authors: 余佳恩
    Contributors: 李治安
    余佳恩
    Keywords: 開放教育資源
    開放式課程
    開放近用
    著作權
    創用CC
    營運模式
    Open Educational Resources (OER),
    OpenCourseWare
    Open Access
    copyright
    Creative Commons
    operating models
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2013-07-22 10:16:16 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 開放教育資源運動在聯合國教科文組織的帶領下,於2002年展開,同年美國麻省理工學院推出開放式課程,成為開放教育資源第一個案例實踐。開放教育資源發展至今已逾十年,已有不少相關的研究與分析,全球各地亦有許多可供為典範的案例,本文將從理論和案例實踐的觀點探討開放教育資源相關議題。
    在第二章的開放教育資源介紹中,本文就「開放教育資源」一詞採取最廣義的定義,並說明由數位科技、教育、經濟、社會、法律的客觀面向,以及國家、營利及非營利組織、個人動機的主觀面向所形成的發展背景,還有來自科技、財務、社會、法律和政策面的阻礙;最後則是釐清開放學習、開放教育、e-learning、開放教學、開放式課程,及開放近用出版雖皆為與開放教育資源相關的概念,但並不等於開放教育資源。
    第三章本文討論開放教育資源的營運模式,包括第一,從推行主體、資源生產和資源審查三個面向分析開放教育資源的經營模式,並輔以麻省理工學院、Utah State University,以及Rice University三個案例作說明;第二,說明開放教育資源可能採用的十一種財務模式;以及第三,從行銷策略的觀點來分析開放教育資源的市場、定位,以及產品與服務類型。
    第四章則是開放教育資源經濟議題的討論,包括開放教育資源經濟學上的公共財本質、為教育帶來的改革價值、國際貿易議題、網路效應,以及誘因。
    第五章是法律議題的相關討論,首先從著作權例外溢現象和合理使用的不確定性,說明開放教育資源為何興起,接著將介紹開放教育資源最常使用的創用CC授權方式,最後則說明創用CC授權與開放教育資源之間尚待解決的問題。
    第六章則為實際案例說明的部分,首先先介紹全球開放教育資源發展的概況,以及首次由聯合國發表、宣示實踐開放教育資源政策的巴黎宣言;之後則從美洲、歐洲、非洲及亞洲挑選幾個國家介紹該國政策及實際案例發展;最後則回到台灣,介紹我國相關的政策及案例,並加以評析。
    第七章將第六章的案例統整為表格,並從授權方式、經營模式、開放程度、財務模式、資源宗旨、資源類型、資源內容,以及資源對象八個面向加以分析比較;第八章則為本文結論,從經濟、法律、營運以及開發中和已開發國家的關係四個角度,提供本文對於國家和組織推行開放教育資源的建議。
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    智慧財產研究所
    100361010
    102
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0100361010
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of Intellectual Property] Theses

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