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    Title: 阻卻違法事由與可歸責的前行為 —挑唆防衛及自招危難之研究
    Other Titles: Justification and Illicit Pre-Behavior —Research on Notwehrprovokation and Verschuldeter Notstand
    Authors: 許恒達
    Contributors: 國立政治大學法律學系
    行政院國家科學委員會
    Keywords: 法律;阻卻違法事由;可歸責;挑唆防衛;自招危難
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2012-11-26 09:39:11 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本計劃將研究可歸責前行為與阻卻違法事由之間的關係,此一問題主要涉及行為人在前階段,出於自己之過咎而引發阻卻違法事由的前提事實時,能否於後階段侵害他人法益行為時點,主張仍可適用阻卻違法事由而排除刑責?倘若不許可,其理由為何?倘若許可,則是否應在法律效果上有一定程度的限制?德國學說上常常提到「權利濫用原則」與「原因不法行為」等論點,其實質定義為何?其能否直接轉用至我國刑法的解釋?這些問題都將於本計劃中討論。此外,由於刑法阻卻違法事由繁多,本計劃只能處理較具代表性的阻卻違法事由(即正當防衛與緊急避難),本計劃預計以兩年的時間,探討二個最主要的阻卻違法事由面對可歸責前行為時的處理方法:挑唆防衛(第一年期)與自招危難(第二年期),並設法對於相關議題的根本概念範圍、理論架構與成罪結構,進行詳實而完整的處理。
    This research program aims to explore the relationship between justification and its pre-behavior which causes the related facts of justification. The questions to be handled in the research project are the following: 1. Is the offender still entitled to argue that his misconduct can be justified though he causes the related situation? And what is the reason? 2. The theories of German criminal law find the answers in both principles: “Rechtsmissbrauch” and “actio illicita in causa”. What are the meanings of these concepts? 3. Can we use the German theories on these issues to interpret Taiwan’s criminal law? The research program is divided into two-year stages. In the first year, the author will focus on the issue of “Notwehrprovokation”. The main topic of the second year will be “verschuldeter Notstand”. This program will do research on both important issues in criminal law and try to find some reasonable interpretations to solve the related problems.
    Relation: 基礎研究
    學術補助
    研究期間:10108~ 10207
    研究經費:375仟元
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[法律學系] 國科會研究計畫

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