English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 11 |  Items with full text/Total items : 88866/118573 (75%)
Visitors : 23548624      Online Users : 105
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/55031
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/55031


    Title: 海洛因成癮者的決策判斷與抑制控制缺損探討
    The impairment of decision making and inhibitory control in heroin addicts
    Authors: 鍾昀蓁
    Chung, Yun Chen
    Contributors: 許文耀
    Hsu, Wen Yau
    鍾昀蓁
    Chung, Yun Chen
    Keywords: 海洛因成癮
    決策判斷
    抑制控制
    heroin addict
    decision making
    inhibition control
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-10-30 15:21:38 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究目的主要在探討海洛因成癮者是否具有決策判斷的問題與抑制控制能力缺損,利用數理認知模型的參數值檢驗受試者在新式Go/No-Go作業的表現,該作業結合IGT與原先Go/No-Go作業的特性,並將作業刺激改為中性與海洛因相關的圖片,探討海洛因成癮者在此作業的決策歷程與抑制反應功能,並與控制組作比較。另者,根據誘發─敏感化理論 ( Robinson & Berridge, 1993 ) 與誘發─習慣化模式 ( Di Chiara, 2000 ) 的預測,前者認為成癮越嚴重者的抑制缺損情形會越嚴重,對藥物相關刺激的注意力偏誤也越明顯;後者則認為藥物依賴階段的初期會發生較嚴重的注意力偏誤情形,但隨著依賴程度增加而對藥物相關刺激已習慣化,尋求藥物行為也已變成自動化反應,故注意力偏誤的情形反而會減少。因此,本研究試圖在加入藥物相關刺激的Go/No-Go作業中驗證這兩種理論的預測。
    本研究以48位一般控制組、88位海洛因受戒治人為樣本,利用Go/No-Go作業與線索依賴學習模式 ( CD model ) 分析受試者對酬賞或處罰的注意力 ( w參數 )、學習率 ( 參數 )、反應一致性 ( c參數 )、以及海洛因圖片價值的影響 ( I_Heroin參數 ),結果發現,比起控制組,海洛因成癮者對酬賞的注意力較低、受到藥物相關刺激影響較明顯。另外,將戒治組分為物質高依賴組與低依賴組時,比起控制組,高依賴組對酬賞的注意力較低;而低依賴組受到海洛因圖片價值影響較明顯。結果證實當面對同時具有中性與藥物相關刺激時的情況下,海洛因成癮者與過去古柯鹼成癮者在決策作業上的表現不同,不僅受到酬賞或處罰的影響,藥物相關刺激本身亦帶有某種價值,影響成癮者的決策與抑制能力;另外,結果部分支持誘發─習慣化的預測。
    The purpose of present study was to investigate the decision making and inhibitory problem in heroin addicts, and to use the mathematics cognitive model parameters to examine performance in a new Go/No-Go Task of subjects. The task combined the characteristics of IGT and original Go/No-Go Task. We changed the task’s stimuli to neural and heroin related pictures, to explore the decision making and inhibitory reactive function in the task, and compared with control group. On the other hands, according to Incentive-sensitization theory (Robinson & Berridge, 1993) and ‘Incentive ─ habit’ model (Di Chiara, 2000), the incentive-sensitization thoery thought that people with increasing severity of addiction get more inhibitory problems and attentional bias toward drug related cues, but the incentive-habit model suggests that attentional bias for drug cues will be more severe in the early stage of drug dependence., but with the increase in dependence and habit to drug cues, drug-seeking behavior has become automatic reaction, so attentional bias will be attenuated when abusers get more dependence. Therefore, this study attempted to verify the prediction of two theories in the Go / No-Go Task with drug-related stimuli.
    This research was based on the data collected from the 48 normals and 88 heroin addicts, using Go/No-Go Task and Cue-dependence learning model ( CD model ) analysis their attention to reward or punishment ( parameter w ), learning rate ( ), reactive consistence ( c ), and valence of heroin pictures ( I_Heroin). The result revealed that compare to controls, heroin addicts had fewer attention to rewards, and more obvious influenced by drug related stimuli. Otherwise, to divided addicts group into high dependence group and low dependence group, compared to control group, the high dependence addicts had lower attention to reward, and the lower dependence addicts was higher influenced by drug related stimuli. It confirm that when heroin abusers faced to neural and drug related stimili, their performance in decision making task was different from cocaine abusers, it’s not only influenced from reward or punishment, but also from the valence of drug related cues. In addition, the result partially support the prediction of the incentive-habit model.
    Reference: 參考文獻

    中文文獻

    中央警察大學犯罪防治學系(民97年8月)。毒品施用者替代療法之研究。執行
    單位:中央警察大學犯罪防治學系。委託單位:財團法人林心正教育基金
    會。

    孔繁鐘(編譯)(2009)。DSM-IV-TR精神疾病診斷準則手冊。台北市:合紀圖
    書出版社。

    行政院衛生署管制藥品管理局.(2008)。強化藥物濫用防治體系(四年計畫)。
    台北市,行政院衛生署。

    行政院衛生署管制藥品管理局 (2008)。藥物濫用 案件暨檢驗統計資料【一
    ○○年十一月】。台北市,行政院衛生署。

    行政院衛生署管制藥品管理局 (民92年6月)。物質濫用。台北市,行政院衛
    生署。

    林一真 (民89)。貝克焦慮量表中文版指導手冊。台北市:中國行為科學研究
    社。(BAI原著出版年:1993年)。

    俞筱鈞 (1994)。瑞文氏標準圖形推理測驗指導手冊。台北市:中國行為科學
    研究社。(原版出版年:1960年)。

    胡海國、林信男譯,ICD-10精神與行為障礙之分類:臨床描述與指引。中華
    民國精神醫學會,1996年初版。

    陳心怡 譯 (民89)。貝克憂鬱量表 ( BDI-II )中文版第二版指導手冊。台
    北市:中國行為科學研究社。(原著出版年:1994年)。

    許文耀(2009)。海洛因藥癮者的抑制控制探討。台北市,政治大學。(國科會
    計畫)。

    黃華妮(2000)。 利用神經心理作業初探台灣地區海洛因戒治者之認知功能研
    究。碩士, 國立政治大學, 台北市。

    傅雅懌(2009)。海洛因藥癮者的抑制歷程初探。碩士,國立中正大學,嘉義
    縣。


    英文文獻

    Baker, T., Piper, M., McCarthy, D., Majeskie, M., & Fiore,
    M. (2004). Addiction motivation reformulated:an
    affective processing model of negative reinforcement.
    Psychological Review, 111, 33-51.

    Bartzokis, G., Lu, P.H., Beckson,M., Rapoport, R.,
    Grant,S., Wiseman, E.J., et al.(2000). Abstinence from
    cocaine reduces high-risk responses on a gambling task.
    Neuropsychopharmacology, 22, 102-103.

    Bearre, L., Sturt, P., Bruce, G., Jones, B.T. (2007).Heroin-
    related attentional bias and monthly frequency of
    heroin use are positively associated in attenders of a
    harm reduction service. Addict. Behav. 32, 784-792.

    Bechara, Noel, X., & Crone, E. A. (2006). Loss of
    willpower: abnormal neural Mechanisms of impulse
    control and decision making in addiction. In R. W. S.
    Wiers, A. W. (Ed.), Handbook of Implicit Cognition and
    Addiction (pp. 215-232).Thousand Oaks, Calif. :Sage
    Publications.

    Bechara, A.,&Damasio,H.(2002). Decision-making and addition
    (part Ι):Impaired Activation of somatic states in
    substance dependent individuals when pondering
    decisions with negative future consequences.
    Neuropsychologia, 40, 1675-1689.

    Bechara, A.,(2004). The role of emotion in decision-making:
    evidence from Neurological patients with orbitofrontal
    damage. Brain Cogn. 55, 30-40.

    Bechara, A., Dolan, S.,&Hindes,A.(2002). Decision-making
    and addiction(part II) : Myopia for the future or
    hypersensitivity to reward ? Neuropsychologia, 40,1690-
    1705.

    Bechara, A., Dolan, S.,Denberg, N., Hindes, A., Anderson,
    S.W., Nathan, P.E.,(2001).Decision-making defecits,
    linked to a dysfuncional ventromedial prefrontal
    cortex, revealed in alcohol and stimulant abusers.
    Neuropsychologia, 39, 376 -389.

    Beck, A.T., Brown, G, Epstein, N, Steer, R. A. (1988). An
    inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: psychometric
    properties. Journal of Consulting and Clinical
    Psychology 56: 893-897.

    Beck, A. T., & Steer, R. A. (1990). Manual for the Beck
    Anxiety Inventory ,San Antonio,Tx.


    Beck, A. T., Ward, C. H., Mendelson, M., Mock, J. (1961).
    An inventory for measuring depression. Archieve of
    General Psychiatry, 4, 561-571.

    Berridge, K. C. (1996). Food reward: Brain substrates of
    wanting and liking. [doi: DOI : 10. 1016 / 0149 -7634 (
    95 ) 00033-B ]. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 20
    (1), 1-25.

    Bickel, W. K., Odum, A.L., &Madden, G.J.(1999).Impulsivity
    and cigarette smoking: Delay discounting current,never,
    and ex-smokers. Psychopharmacology, 146, 447--454.

    Brand M., Roth-Bauer M., Driessen M., & Markowistsch H. J.
    (2008). Executive function and risky decision-making in
    patients with opiate dependence. Drug and Alcohol
    Dependence, 97, 64-72.

    Brandon, T.H., Tiffany, S. T., Obremski, K. M., & Baker, T.
    B.(1990).Postcessation cigarette use: The process of
    relapse. Addictive Behaviors,15, 105-114.1.

    Bruse, G., Jones, BT. (2004). A pictorial Stroop paradigm
    reveals an alcoholattentional bias in heavier compared
    to lighter social drinkers. J Psychopharmacol. 18, 527-
    533.

    Bruce, G., Jones, B.T. (2006). Methods, and findings of
    attentional bias in substance use, abuse, and
    dependence. In Wiers, S. W. & Stacy, A.W. (ED.),
    Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction 135-150.
    Sage Publications.

    Busemeyer, J. R., & Myung, I. J. ( 1992 ) . An adaptive
    approach to human decision-making : Learning theory,
    decision theory, and human performance. Journal of
    Experimental Psychology : General, 121, 177-194.

    Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Newman, D. L.,&Silva, P.A.
    (1996). Behavioral observations at age 3 years predict
    adault psychiatric disorders. Longitudinal evidence
    from a birth cohort. Archives of General Psychiatry,
    53,1033-1039.

    Chassin, L., Pitts, S. C., DeLucia, C., & Todd, M. (1999).
    A longitudinal study of chi- ldren of alcoholics:
    Predicting young adult substance abuse disorders,
    anxiety, and de- pression. Journal of Abnormal
    Psychology,108, 106–119.

    Chen, C. H., Chen, H., Lin, T.Y., Chou, H. H., Lai, T, J.,
    Ferri, C. P., Gossop. M.(2008 ). Severity of heroin
    dependence in Taiwan : Reliability and validity of the
    Chinese version of the Severity of Dependence Scale (
    SDS [ Ch ] ). Addictive Behavior, 33, 1590-1593.

    Chen, Y. J., Ho, M. Y., Chem, K. J., Hsu, C. F., & Ryn, S.
    J. (2009). Estimation of premorbid general fluid
    intelligenceusing traditional Chinese reading
    performance in Taiwan samples. Psychiatry and Clinical
    Neuroscience, 63, 500-507.

    Cox, W. M., Fadardi, J. S., & Pothos, E. M. (2006). The
    Addiction-Stroop Test : Theoretical Considerations and
    Procedural Recommendations. Psychological Buletin, 132,
    443-476.


    Di Chiara G. (1998). A motivational learning hypothesis of
    the role of mesolimbic dopamine in compulsive drug use.
    J Psychopharmacol 12, 54-67.

    Di Chiara G. (2002). Nucleus accumbens shell and core
    dopamine : differential role in behavior and addiction.
    Beahior Brain Res 137, 75-114.

    Di Chiara, G. (2000). Role of dopamine in the behavioural
    actions of nicotine related to addiction. European
    Journal of Pharmacology, 393, 295-314.

    Di Chiara G. & Bassareo V. (2007). Reward System and
    addiction : what dopamine does and dosen’t do. Current
    Opinion in Pharmaclogy 7, 67-76.

    Dole VP, Nyswander ME, Kreek MJ: Narcotic blockade. Arch
    Intern Med 1966; 118: 304-9.

    Ferri Cleasa P., Marsden John, De Araujo Marcelo,
    Laranjeira Ronaldo R., & Gossop Michael. (2000).
    Validity and reliability of the severity of dependence
    scale(SDS) In a Brazilian sample of drug users. Drug
    and Alcohol Review, 19, 451-455.

    Flagel, S. B., Akil, H., & Robinson, T. E. (2009).
    Individual differences in the attribution of incentive
    salience to reward-related cues: Implications for
    addiction.[doi: DOI:10.1016/j.neuropharm.2008.06.027].
    Neuropharmacology, 56(Supplent 1), 139-148.

    Field, M., & Cox, W. M. (2008). Attentional bias in
    addictive behaviors: A review of Its development,
    causes, and consequences. Drug and Alcohol Dependence ,
    97 , 1-20.

    Field, M., Mogg,K., Bradley,B.P. (2006). Attention to drug-
    related cue in drug abuse and addiction : component
    processes. In Wiers, R.W. & Stacy, A.W. (Ed.), Handbook
    of Implicit Cognition and Addiction 215-232. Stage
    Publications.

    Field,M., Munafó M. R. & Franken I.H.A. (2009) A meta-
    analytic investigation of the relationship between
    attentional bias and subjective craving in substance
    abuse. Psychological Bulletin, 135, 589-607.

    Field, M., & Powell, H. (2007). Stress increases
    attentional bias for alcohol cues in Social drinkers
    who drink to cope. Alcohol Alcohol., 42(6), 560-566.

    Fillmore, M. T. (2004). Environmental dependence of
    behavioral control mechanisms: effects of alcohol and
    information processing demands. Experimental and
    Clinical Psychopharmacology, 12, 216-223.

    Finn, P. R., Justus, A., Mazas, C., & Steinmetz, J. E.
    (1999). Working memory, Executive processes and the
    effects of alcohol on go/no-go learning: Testing a
    model of behavioral regulation and impulsivity.
    Psychopharmacology, 146,465-472.

    Finn, P. R., Kesller, D. N., & Hussong, A. M. (1994). Risk
    for alcoholism and classi- cal conditioning to signals
    for punishment: Evidence for a weak behavioral
    inhibition system. Journal of Abnormal Psychology,103,
    293–301.

    Finn, P. R., Mazas, C., Justus, A., & Steinmetz, J. E.
    (2002).Early-onset alcoholism with conduct disorder:
    Go/no go learning defeicits, working memory capacity,
    and personality. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental
    Research, 26, 86-206.

    Finn, P. R., Sharkansky, E. J., Brandt, K. M., & Turcotte,
    N.(2000). The effects of familial risk, personality,
    and expectancies on alcohol use and abuse. Journal
    of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 122-123.

    Flagel, S. B., Akil, H., & Robinson, T. E. (2009).
    Individual differences in the attrubution of incentive
    salience to reward-related cues: Implications for
    addiction. [doi:DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2008.06.027].
    Neuropharmacology, 56 (Supplement 1), 139-148.

    Fowels, D. C. (1987). Application of a behavioral theory of
    motivation to the concepts of anxiety and impulsivity.
    Journal of Research in Personality, 21,417-435.

    Franken, I. H. A., Hendriks, V. M., Stam, C. J., & Van den
    Brink, W. (2004). A role For dopamine in the processing
    of drug cues in heroin dependent patients. [doi:DOI:
    10.1016/j.euroneuro.2004.02.004]. European 14 ( 6 ),
    Neuropsycho pharmacology, 503-508.

    Franken, I. H. A., Hendriks, V. M., & van den Brink, W.
    (2002). Initial validation of Two opiate craving
    questionnaire : The obsessive compulsive drug use scale
    and the Desire for drug quesionaire. Addictive
    Behaviors, 27, 675-685.

    Franken, I. H. A., Stam, C. J., Hendriks, V. M., & van den
    Brink, W. (2003).Neurophysiological evidence for
    abnormal cognitive processing of drug cues in heroin
    dependence. Psychopharmacology, 170, 205.

    Gardini S, Caffarra P., Venneri A. (2006). Decreased drug-
    cue-induced attentional bias in individuals and
    untreated drug dependence. Acta Neuropsychiatrica 21(4),
    179-185.

    Gerorge, O.,&Koob, G.F.(2010). Individual differences in
    prefrontal cortex function and the transition from drug
    use and drug dependence. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral
    Reviews,35(2), 232-247.

    Goldstein, R. Z., Leskovjan, A. C., Hoff, A. L., Hitzemann,
    R., Bashan, F., Khalsa, S., et al. (2004). Severity of
    neuropsychological impairment in cocaine and alcohol
    addiction : Association with metabolism in the
    prefrontal cortex. Neuropsychologia, 42, 1447-1458.

    Gossop Michael, Darke Shane, Griffiths Paul, Hando Julie,
    Beverly Powis, Hall Wayne, & Strang John. (1995).
    Addiction, 90, 607-614.

    Grant Steven, Contoreggi C., & London E. D. (2000). Drug
    abusers show impaired p- erformance in a laboratory
    test of decision making. Neuropsychologia, 38, 1180-
    1187.

    Gray, J. A. (1976). The behavioral inhibition system: A
    possible substrate for anxiety. In M.P. Feldman & A.
    Broadhurst ( Eds. ), Theoretical and experimental bases
    of the behavior therapies (pp. 3-41). London ; New
    York: Wiley.

    Helmers, K. F., Young, S. N., & Pihl, R. O. (1995).
    Assessment of measures of impulsivity in healthy male
    volunteers. Journal of Personality and Individual
    Difference , 6, 927–935.

    Jentsch, J. D., & Taylor, J. R. (1999). Impulsivity
    resulting from frontostriatal dysfun- ction in drug
    abuse : Implication for the control of behavior by
    reward related stim- uli. Psychopharmacology, 146, 373-
    390.

    Kirby, K. N., Petry, N. M., & Bickel, W. K.(1999). Heroin
    addicts have higher discount rates for delayed rewards
    than non-drug-using controls. Journal of Experimental
    Psychology: General, 128, 78-87.

    Lejuez, C. W., Bornovalova, Marina A., Daughters, Stacey
    B., & Curtin, John J.(2005). Difference in impulsivity
    and sexual risk behavior among innercity crack/ cocaine
    users and heroin users. Drug and Alcohol Dependence,
    77, 169-175.

    Logen, G. D., & Cowan, W. B. (1984). On the ability to
    inhibit thought and action: A theory of an act of
    control. Psychological Review, 91, 295-327.

    London, E. D., Ernst, M., Grant, S., Bonson, K., &
    Weinstein, A. (2000). Orbitofrontal cortex and human
    drug abuse: Functional imaging. Cerebral Cortex,10, 334-
    342.

    Madden, Gregory J., Bickel, Warren K., & Jacobs, Eric A.
    (1999). Discounting of de- layed rewards in opioid-
    dependent discounting functions? Experimental and
    Clinical Psychopharmacology, 7, 284-293.

    Marlatt, G. A., & Gordon, J. R. (1980). Determinants of
    relapse: Implication for the maintenance of behavioral
    change.In P. O. Davidson & S. M. Davidson (Eds.),
    Behavioral medicine : Changing health lifestyles
    (pp.410-452 ). New York :Brunner/Mazel.

    Mark K. Grennwald (2002). Heroin craving and drug use in
    opioid-maintained volunteers: effects of methadone dose
    variations. Experimental and clinical
    psychopharmacology 10, 1, 39-46.

    Masse, L. C., & Tremblay, R. E.(1997). Behavior of boys in
    kindergarten and the on- set of substance use during
    adolescence.Archives of General Psychiatry, 54,62- 68.

    Mazas, C., Finn, P. R., & Steinmetz, J. E.(2000). Decision-
    making biases, antisoial personality, and early-onset
    alcoholim. Alcoholism : Clinical and Experimental R-
    esearch,24, 1036-1040.

    Mintzer, Miriam Z., & Stitzer, Maxine L. (2002). Cognitive
    impairment in methadone Maintenance patients. Drug and
    Alcohol Dependence, 67, 41-51.

    Newman, J. P., Patterson, C. M., Howland, E. W., & Nichols,
    S. L. (1990). Passive avoidance in psychopaths: The
    effects of reward. Personality and Individual
    Differences, 11, 1101–1114.Newman, J. P., Widom, C.
    S., & Nathan, S. (1985). Passive avoidance in syndromes
    of disinhibition, psychopathy, and extraversion.
    Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 1316–
    1327.

    Ostlund, S. B., & Balleine, B. W. (2008). On habits and
    addiction: an associative analysis of compulsive drug
    seeking. [doi: DOI: 10.1016/j.ddmod.2009.07.004].
    Drug Discovery Today: Disease Models, 5(4), 235-245.

    Petry, N. M., Bickel, W. K., Arnett, M., (1998). Shortened
    time horizons and insensitivity to future consequences
    in herion addicts. Addiction 93, 729-738.

    Redish, A.D., Jensen, S., & Johnson, A.(2008). A unified
    framwork for addiction:Vulnerabilities in the decision
    process. Behavioral and Brain Science, 31, 415-487.

    Robinson, T.E. & Berridge, K.C. (1993). The neural basis of
    drug craving : An incentive-sensitization theory of
    addiction. Brain Research Reviews, 18, 247-291.

    Robinson, T. E., & Berridge, K. C. (2001). Incentive-
    sensitization and addiction. Addiction,96, 103-114.

    Rogers, R. D., Everitt, B. J., Baldacchino, A., Blackshaw,
    A. J., Swainson, R., Wynne, K., et al.(1999).
    Dissociable deficits in the decision-making cognition
    of chronic amphetamine abusers, opiate abusers,patients
    with focal damage to prefrontal cortex, and tryptophan-
    depleted normal volunteers: Evidence for monoaminergic
    mechanism. Neuropsychopharmacology, 20, 322-339.

    Rotheram-Fuller Erin, Shoptaw Steven, Berman, Steven M., &
    London, Edythe D. London. (2004). Impaired performance
    in a test of decision-making by opiate-dependence
    tobacco smokers. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 73, 79-
    86.

    Rumelhart, D. E., & McClelland, J. L. (1986). Parallel
    distributed processing :Ex plorations in the
    microstructure of cognition, Volumes 1 and 2.
    Cambridge, MA : MIT Press.

    Ryan, F.(2002). Attentional bias and alcohol dependence : a
    controlled study using the modified Stoop paradigm.
    Addic. Behav. 27, 471-482,

    Selzer, M. L.(1971). The Michigan Alcoholism Screening
    Test: The quest for a new diagnostic instrument.
    American Journal of Psychiatry, 127, 1653-1658.

    Sinha, R., Fuse, T., Aubin, L. R., & O'Malley, S. S.
    (2000). Psychological stress, drug-related cues and
    cocaine craving. Psychopharmacology, 152, 140-148.

    Skinner, H. A., (1982). The Drug Abuse Screening Test.
    Addictive Behaviors, 7, 363-371.

    Stout, J. C., Busemeyer, J. R., Bechara, A., & Lin, A.
    (2002). Cognitive modeling of decision making in a
    simulated gambit task in frontal or somatosensory
    cortex damage[Abstract]. Journal of Cognitive
    Neuroscience Society Annual Meeting Abstracts,41, 75.


    Stout, J. C., Busemeyer, J. R., Lin, A., Grant, S. J., &
    Bonson, K. R.(2004). Cognitive modeling analysis of the
    decision-making processes used by cocaine abusers.
    Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 11, 742-747.

    Stout, J. C., Rock, S.L., Campell, M.C., Busemeyer, J.R., &
    Finn(2005). Psychological processes underlying risky
    decisions in drug abuses. Psychology of Addictive
    Behaviors,19(2), 148-157.

    Tiffany, S. T. (1990). A cognitive model of drug urges and
    drug-use behavior: Role of automatic and nonautomatic
    processes. Psychological Review, 97(2), 147-168.

    Verdejo-Garcia, A.J., Rivas-Perez, C., Vilan-Lopez, R., &
    Perez-Garcia(2007). Strategic self-regulation, decision-
    making and emotion-processing in poly- substance
    abusers in their first year of abustinence. Drug and
    Alcohol Dependence, 86, 139 -146.

    Verdejo-García, A., López-Torrecillas, F., Giménez, C. O.,
    & Pérez-García, M. (2004). Clinical implications and
    methodological challenges in the stud of the
    neuropsychological correlates of cannabis, stimulant,
    and opioid abuse. Neuropsychology Review, 14, 1-14.

    Verdejo-Garcia, A.J., Perales, J.C., & Perez- Garcia, M.
    (2007). Cognitive impulsivity In cocaine and heroin
    polysubstance abusers. Addictive Behaviors, 32, 950-966.

    Verdejo-Garcia, A.J., & Perez- Garcia, M.(2007). Profile of
    executive deficits in cocaine and heroin polysubstance
    uses: common and differential effects on separate
    executive components. Psychopharmacology, 190, 517-530.

    Vogel-Sprott, M., Easdon, C., Fillmore, M., Finn, P. R., &
    Justus, A.(2001). Alcohol and behavioral control:
    Cognitive and neural mechanisms. Alcoholism: Clinical
    and Experimental Research, 25, 117-121.

    Volkow, N. D., Fowler, J. S. & Wang, G.-J. (2002) Role of
    dopamine in drug reinfor- cement and addiction in
    humans: Results from imaging studies. Behavioral
    Pharmacology 13(5):355–66.

    Windle, M. (1990). A longitudinal study of antisocial
    behaviors in early adolescence as predictors of late
    adolescence substance abuse: Gender and ethnic group
    differences. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 99,86–91.

    Yechian, E., Goodnight, J., Bates, J. E., Busemeyer, J. R.,
    Dodge, K. A., Petti, G. S.,et al.(2006). A formal
    cognitive model of the Go/No-Go discrimination task:
    Evaluation and implications. Psychological Assessment,
    18, 239-249.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    心理學研究所
    97752019
    100
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0097752019
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    201901.pdf969KbAdobe PDF438View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback