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    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/54639
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/54639


    Title: 錯誤可能性與預期衝突對於錯誤偵測系統之影響-以回饋負波為例
    Error likelihood and conflict in error monitoring system: a study of feedback negativity
    Authors: 張瀠方
    Chang, Yin Fang
    Contributors: 顏乃欣
    張瀠方
    Chang, Yin Fang
    Keywords: 回饋相關負波
    增強學習理論
    錯誤可能性理論
    錯誤偵測系統
    風險
    懊悔
    Feedback Negativity
    Reinforcement Learning Theory
    Error-likelihood Theory
    Error Monitoring System
    Risk
    Regret
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-10-30 11:27:21 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 現今解釋錯誤偵測系統及前扣帶皮質(ACC)的關係之理論主要為增強學習理論。增強學習理論認為個體會在行為後對於行為結果產生預期,並將該預期與實際結果進行比較,若實際結果較預期結果差則會活化ACC進而觀察到較大的FN(Feedback Negativity)振幅。近年來有學者提出奠基於增強學習理論的錯誤可能性理論,錯誤可能性理論則認為當個體在學習到行為與結果之間的關聯後,當接收到可能犯錯的訊息時便會活化ACC而引起較大的FN。本研究主要的目的為探討增強學習理論及錯誤可能性理論的適用性,其次為探討風險之因素是否能反映於FN上。由於兩理論對於風險情境中是否會觀察到FN有不同的預測,錯誤可能性理論預測會在高風險的情況下觀察到較大的FN;而增強學習理論則預測由於風險畫面並非回饋畫面,故風險不會影響FN。實驗一藉由探討風險與FN間之關係企圖提供兩理論初步之區分並提供風險研究的實驗證據,實驗一結果顯示FN確實會反映風險之因素。也點出增強學習理論用以解釋錯誤偵測系統之不完備之處。而實驗二則利用操弄回饋結果好壞及高低錯誤可能性以檢驗錯誤可能性對於錯誤偵測系統之必要性,實驗二結果顯示錯誤可能性為事件評估之因素之一。除此之外,實驗二亦提供FN反映懊悔之支持性證據。
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    心理學研究所
    97752004
    100
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0097752004
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 學位論文

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