English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 11 |  Items with full text/Total items : 88866/118573 (75%)
Visitors : 23558596      Online Users : 227
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/54638
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/54638


    Title: 初診斷乳癌患者的因應策略與心理症狀之關係研究
    The relationships of coping strategies and psychological symptoms on newly-diagnosed breast cancer patient
    Authors: 鄭麗芬
    Te, Lay Fuen
    Contributors: 許文耀
    鄭麗芬
    Te, Lay Fuen
    Keywords: 乳癌
    因應策略
    正向情緒
    心理症狀
    雙向關係
    breast cancer
    coping
    positive affect
    psychological symptoms
    bidirectional relationship
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-10-30 11:27:19 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究旨在比較不同背景和臨床因素的乳癌患者其因應策略、正向情緒和心理症狀的差異情形。本研究除了關注個體所採取的因應策略與情緒的關聯性;另一方面,研究者認為患者的情緒亦可能影響其因應策略之選擇,因此因應策略與情緒間的變化關係,亦為本研究目的之一。
    本研究採立意取樣,並以中部某一教學醫學乳房中心初診斷之乳癌患者共計113位為研究對象,蒐集患者之「基本資料表」、「短版因應策略量表」、「醫院版焦慮-憂鬱量表」和「情緒平衡量尺」,並以術後3個月和6個月進行追蹤研究。
    資料處理以相關分析、t考驗、單因子變異數分析及階層迴歸分析等統計方法為主。由於本研究擬以Brief COPE作為臺灣乳癌病患因應壓力之測量工具,因此將採用探索性因素分析(Exploratory Factor Analysis;EFA),探討此量表在初診斷乳癌患者身上的因素結構。
    依據本研究問題與假設,主要發現摘述如下:
    一、本研究以主成分分析法抽取Brief COPE量表因素,並以斜交轉軸進行因素轉軸,依據陡坡圖和平行分析結果抽取三個因素。此三因素的解釋總變異量為62.1%。研究者將因素I命名為「趨近因應」;因素II命名為「情緒性因應」和因素III命名為「逃避因應」。
    二、教育程度、收入和有無職業與正向情緒呈正相關;現有小孩人數和年齡與正向情緒呈負相關;年齡和副作用與憂鬱具有正向關係,教育程度則與憂鬱呈負相關;副作用與焦慮呈正相關。有無結婚、有無職業、教育程度、收入、乳房重建與趨近因應呈正相關,期數和年齡則和趨近因應有顯著負相關;有無職業和情緒性因應呈正相關。
    三、乳癌患者於術後3、6個月最常採用的因應策略為趨近因應,其次為情緒性因應,最少採用逃避因應。
    四、焦慮對逃避和趨近因應有獨特的預測力,即焦慮程度愈高會愈使用逃避和趨近因應策略;憂鬱則對趨近因應有獨特的預測力,憂鬱程度愈高者,其趨近因應的使用愈少;在因應策略的部分,只有趨近因應可顯著預測正向情緒;正向情緒在趨近因應和焦慮的關係中並無法形成部份或完全中介之角色。
    最後,根據研究結果與限制提出若干具體建議,以供臨床工作者及未來研究之相關人員參考。
    The purpose of this study is to explore the differences of coping strategies, positive affect and psychological symptoms among newly-diagnosed breast cancer patients in different sociodemographic backgrounds. Research has found that coping strategies predict psychological outcomes; however, a few studies have also reported that psychological symptoms could predict the use of coping strategies. Therefore, the relationship between coping strategies and psychological symptoms was the first aim of the current study.
    One-hundred and thirteen participants were recruited by purposive sampling. The data were draw from newly-diagnosed breast cancer patients in a breast center unit at a hospital in central of Taiwan. Demographic and clinical data were gathered at the first time point, and the Brief Coping Orientations to Problems Experienced scale (Brief COPE), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Positive Affect subscale of Affect Balance, and side effect checklists were gathered 2 times during the first 3- and 6-month after discharge respectively.
    Pearson product-moment correlation, t-test, one-way ANOVA, post Scheffe test and hierarchical regression analysis were applied. In an attempt to confirm the factor structure of the Brief COPE, the Exploratory Factor Analyses (EFA) were performed before those analyses.
    The major findings of the current study were as follows:
    1.Using principal components factor analysis with oblique rotation, scree plot and parallel analyses revealed three factors for the Brief COPE were the best factor structure of the current sample: (1) approach coping, (2) emotional coping, and (3) avoidance coping. These 3 factors accounted for 62.1% of the total variance of the data.
    2.Education, income and employment status were significantly correlated with
    positive affect. Number of kids and age were found to be inversely correlated with positive affect. Age and side effects were positively correlated with depression. Side effects were found to be correlated with anxiety. Marital status, employment status, cancer stage, education, income, age, breast reconstruction surgery were found to be correlated with approach coping. Meanwhile stage and age were found to be negatively correlated with emotional coping.
    3.Approach coping was the most commonly used coping strategies, while avoidance coping was the least commonly used coping strategies.
    4.Anxiety could reliably predict the use of avoidance and approach coping. High anxiety level predicted more use of avoidance and approach coping, whereas depression predicted the use of approach coping, high depressive mood predicted less use of approach coping. Approach coping predicted higher positive affect, but positive affect was fail to be the mediator between approach coping and anxiety.
    Implications for these results were discussed. The results can also serve as a helpful reference for healthcare professionals.
    Reference: ㄧ、中文部分
    行政院衛生署(2012)。臺灣地區主要癌症死亡原因。行政院衛生署。2012年05
    月30日,取自http://www.doh.gov.tw/statistic/index.htm

    呂桂雲、金繼春、黃惠萍(1993)。乳癌婦女的因應行為。護理研究,1(3),247-256。

    李靜雯 (2002)。乳癌病患乳房手術後一個月之症狀困擾和情緒狀態之改變及其
    相關性。未出版之碩士論文,臺北:台北醫學大學護理學研究所碩士論文。

    邱素凰(2011)。對罹病自責的乳癌患者自我寬恕、因應、情緒與生活品質的研究。
    未出版之碩士論文,桃園:中原大學心理學研究所碩士論文。

    邱淑卿(2001)。探討壓力、社會支持、因應對乳癌返家婦女之健康狀態影響。未
    出版的碩士論文。臺北:長庚大學護理學研究所。

    洪福建、鄭逸如、邱泰源、胡文郁、陳慶餘、吳英璋 (1999)。癌末患者的心理
    社會問題、因應策略與負向情緒。應用心理研究,3,79-104。

    張素美(2009)。早期乳癌婦女的治療決策後悔之初探。未出版之碩士論文。臺北:國立政治大學心理學研究所碩士論文。

    許文耀(2000)。九二一地震災區學生的因應型態與心理症狀的關係。中華心理
    衛生學刊,13(3),35-59。

    陳美芳(2002)。乳癌手術後婦女症狀困擾與因應策略之相關性探討。未出版之
    碩士論文。臺北: 國立陽明大學臨床護理研究所碩士論文。

    陳美芳、馬鳳歧(2004)。乳癌手術後婦女症狀困擾與因應策略之相關性探討。
    護理雜誌,51(4),37-44。

    曾慧嘉、何長珠與蔡銘昌(2010)。癌末病患家屬面臨喪慟因應行為、人際依附型
    態與預期性哀慟反應相關之研究。中華心理衛生學刊,23(4),563-585。

    游雅清(2004)。已婚乳癌婦女的角色衝突與因應方式。未出版之碩士論文,臺北:
    輔仁大學護理學系碩士班。

    黃俐婷(1997)。女性乳癌患者之內外控歸因、因應方式與適應結果相關性研究。 未出版之碩士論文,東海大學社會工作學系碩士論文。

    劉慧芬(2002)。乳癌婦女接受乳房全切除手術前後身體心像的變化及因應行為。
    未出版之碩士論文,臺北:陽明大學臨床護理研究所碩士論文。

    蔡宜樺、楊銘欽、季瑋珠(1998)。乳癌確診後之初診罹病成本與相關因子之探討
    -以台大醫院病患為例。中華衛誌,17(3),242-251。

    賴世華(2010)。頭頸癌症患者復發擔憂對癌症關連疲勞之影響: 以因應型態及負
    向情緖為中介變項。未出版之碩士論文,桃園:中原大學心理系碩士班。

    二、英文部分
    Affleck, G., & Tennen, H. (1996). Construing benefits from adversity: Adaptational significance and dispositional underpinnings. Journal of Personality, 64, 899 –922.

    Alder J, Bitzer J. (2003). Retrospective evaluation of the treatment for breast cancer:How does the patient’s personal experience of the treatment affect adjustment to the illness? Arch Women Mental Health 6,91–97.

    Amirkhan, J. H. (1990). A factor analytically derived measure of coping: The Coping Strategy Indicator. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 1066-1074.

    Araras, JI, Wright, SJ, Jusuf, G, et al.(2002). Coping style, locus of control, psyhological distress and pain-related behaviours in cancer and other diseases.
    Psycholoy, Health & Medicine, 7, 181-87.

    Arndt, V., Merx, H., Sturmer, T., Stegmaier, C., Ziegler, H., & Brenner, H. (2004). Age-specific detriments to quality of life among breast cancer patients one year after diagnosis. European Journal of Cancer, 40, 673–680.

    Aspinwall, L.G., & Taylor, S.E. (1997). A stitch in time: Self-regulation and proactive coping. Psychological Bulletin, 121, 417-436.

    Astin, J.A., Anton-Culver, H., Schwartz, E., Shapiro, D.H., McQuade, J., Breuer, A.M., et al. (1999). Sense of control and adjustment to breast cancer: The importance of balancing control coping styles. Behavioral Medicine, 25, 101-109.

    Baron, R.. & Kenny,D. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,51(6), 1173-1182.

    Beck, A. T. (1976). Cognitive Therapy and the Emotional Disorders. Penguin Books.

    Bellizzi, K.M., & Blank, T.O.(2006). Understanding the dynamics of post-traumatic growth in breast cancer survivors. Health Psychology, 25, 47-56.

    Ben-Zur, H.(2009). Coping styles and affect. International Journal of Stress Management, 16(2), 87-101.

    Ben Zur, H., Gilbar, O. & Lev, S. (2001). Coping with breast cancer: patient, spouse, and dyad models. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(1), 32-39.

    Billings, A.G., & Moos, R.H. (1981). The role of coping responses and social resources in attenuating the stress of life events. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 4, 139-157.

    Bjelland I, Dahl AA, Haug TT, Neckelmann D.( 2002): The validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; an updated review. Journal Psychosomatic Research, 52, 69-77.

    Bower,J. E., et al.(2006). Fatigue in long-term breast carcinoma survivors: a longitudinal investigation. Cancer, 106(4),751–758.

    Bradburn N.M.(1969). The structure of psychological well-being. Chicago: Aldine.

    Brain, K., et al.(2008). Predictors of breast cancer-related distress following mammography screening in younger women on a family history breast screening programme. Psycho-Oncology, 17, 1180-1188.

    Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R.(1989). Single sample cross validation indices for covariance structures. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 24(4), 445-455.

    Burgess, C. et al.,(2005). Depression and anxiety in women with early breast cancer: five year observational cohort study. British Medical Journal, 330-702.

    Carver, CS, & Scheier, MF.(1994).Situational coping and coping dispositions in a stressful transaction. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology,66, 184-195

    Carver, CS, Scheier, MF, & Weintraub, J.K.(1989). Assessing coping strategies: a theoretically based approach. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology,56, 267-283.
    Carver CS, et al.,(1993).:How Coping Mediates the Effect of Optimism on Distress – a Study of Women with Early-Stage Breast-Cancer. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 65, 375-390.

    Carver CS.(1997). You want to measure coping but your protocol’s too long: consider the brief COPE. International
    Journal Behavioral Medicine, 4, 92–100.

    Cella, D.F.(1994). F.A.C.T. manual: Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT) scales. Chicago: Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center.

    Chen, C. C., David, A., Thompson, K., Smith, C., Lea, S., & Fahy, T. (1996). Coping strategies and psychiatric morbidity in women attending breast assessment clinics. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 40, 265-270.

    Chickering, A. W. (1985). Integrating liberal education, work and human development. American Association for High Education Bulletin, 33(7), 1-16.

    Clark, K.K., Bormann, C.A., Cropanzano, R.S. & James, K. (1995). Validation evidence for three coping measures. Journal of Personality Assessment, 65, 434-455.

    Classen C, Koopman C, Angell K, Spiegel D. (1996).Coping styles associated with psychological adjustment to advanced breast cancer. Health Psychology 15,434–437.

    Cohen L, Hack TF, de Moor C, Katz J, Goss PE. (2000).The effects of type of surgery and time on psychological adjustment in women after breast cancer treatment. Annals of surgical oncology, 7, 427-34.

    Cohn, A., & Pakenham, K. I. (2008). Efficacy of a cognitive-behavioural program to improve psychological adjustment among soldiers in recruit training. Military Medicine, 173(12), 1151-1158.

    Collie K, Bottorff JL, Long BC.(2006). A narrative view of art therapy and art making by women with breast cancer. Journal Health Psychology, 11(5), 761-75.

    Compas, B. E. (1998). An agenda for coping research and theory: Basic and applied developmental issues.International Journal of Behavioral Development, 22, 231–237.

    Compas, B. E., Connor-Smith, J. K., Saltzman, H., Thomsen, A. H., & Wadsworth, M. E. (2001). Coping with stress during childhood and adolescence: Problems, progress, and potential in theory and research. Psychological Bulletin, 127(1),87-127.

    Compas, B.E. & Luecken, L.J. ( 2002).Psychological adjustment to breast cancer. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11(3), 111-114.

    Compas, B. E., Stoll, M. F., Thomsen, A. H., Oppedisano, G.,
    Epping-Jordan, J. E., & Krag, D. N. (1999). Adjustment to breast cancer: Age-related differences in coping and emotional distress. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 54, 195-203.

    Compas, B. E., Haaga, D. A. F., Keefe, F. J., Leitenberg, H., & Williams, D. A.(1998). Sampling of empirically supported psychological treatment from health psychology: smoking, chronic pain, cancer, and bulimia nervosa. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 89 -112.

    Cooper C, Katona C, Livingston G. (2008).Validity and reliability of the brief COPE in careers of people with dementia –the LASER-AD study. Journal Nervous &
    Mental Disease,196,( 11), 838-843.

    Cordova, M. J., & Andrykowski, M. A. (2003). Responses to cancer diagnosis and treatment: Posttraumatic stress and posttraumatic growth. Seminars in Clinical
    Neuropsychiatry, 8, 286-296.

    Coyne, J. C., & Racioppo, M. W. (2000). Never the twain shall meet? Closing the gap between coping research and clinical intervention research. American Psychologist, 55(6), 655–664.

    Culver, J. L., Arena, P. L., Antoni, M. H., & Carver, C. S. (2002). Coping and distress among women under treatment for early stage breast cancer: Comparing African Americans, Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites. Psycho Oncology, 11(6),
    495–504.

    David, S., & Knight, BG.(2008). Stress and coping among gay men: Age and ethnic differences. Psychology and Aging, 23, 62–69.

    Dean C, & Surtees G. (1989) Do psychological factors predict survival in breast cancer? Journal Psychosomatic Research, 33, 561–569 .

    Derogatis LR.( 1983) .SCL-90-R Administration, Scoring & Procedures Manual-II. Clinical Psychometric Research, 14–15.

    Di Mattei , V.E., Prunas A., Novella L. , Marcone, A. ,
    Cappa S.F. , Sarno L.(2008).The burden of distress in caregivers of elderly demented patients and its
    relationship with coping strategies. Neurological Science, 29 , 383–389.

    Drageset S & Lindstrom TC (2005). Coping with a possible breast cancer diagnosis:demographic factors and social support. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 51, 217-26.

    Eisengart, L.T. ,Singer, H.L., Kirchner, M.O. ,Min, S. ,Fulton, E.J., Short et al.(2006).Factor structure of coping: two studies of mothers with high levels of life stress. Psychological Assessment, 18, 278–288

    Ell, K., Nishimoto, R., Mantell, J., & Hamovitch, M. B. (1992). Coping with cancer: A comparison of older and younger patients. Journal of Gerontological Social
    Work, 19, 3-27.

    Endler, N. S., & Parker, J. D. A. (1990). Multidimensional assessment of coping: A critical evaluation. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 58, 844-854.

    Endler N.S. & Parker, J. D. A. (1994).Assessment of multidimensional coping: task, emotion and avoidance strategies. Psychological Assessment, 6 , 50–60.

    Epping-Jordan, J.E., Compas, B.E., Osowieda, D.M., Oppedisano, G., Gerhardt, C., Primo, K., & Krag, D.N. (1999). Psychological adjustment in breast cancer: Processes of emotional distress. Health Psychology, 18(4), 315-326.

    Fillion L., Kovacs A.H., Gagnon P., & Endler N.S.(2002).Validation of the shortened COPE for use with breast cancer patients undergoing radiation therapy. Current Psychology, 21(1), 17–34.

    Fletcher, K.E., Clemow, L., Peterson, B.A., Lemon, S.C., Estabrook, B., Zapka, J.G.(2006).Path analysis of factors associated with distress among first-degree female relatives of women with breast cancer diagnosis. Health Psychology, 25, 413-424.

    Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R. S., (1985). If it changes it must be a process: Study of emotions and coping during three stages of a college examination. Journal of Personal & Social Psychology, 48, (1),150-170.

    Folkman, S., and Lazarus, R. S., (1980). An analysis of coping in middle-aged community sample. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 21, 219-230.

    Folkman S., Moskowitz J.T.(2000).Positive affect and the other side of coping. American Psychologist , 55,647-654.

    Folkman, S. (1984). Personal control and stress and coping processes: a theoretical analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 839-852.

    Folkman, S., Lazarus, R.S., Gruen, R. J., & DeLongi s, A.(1986). Appraisal, coping, health status, and psychological symptoms. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 50, 571-579.

    Folkman, S., Lazarus, R. S., Dunkel-Schetter, C., DeLongis, A., & Gruen, R. J. (1986). Dynamics of a stressful encounter: Cognitive appraisal, coping, and encounter outcomes. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 50, 992-1003.

    Folkman, S, & Lazarus, R. S. (1988).Ways of Coping Questionnaire Research edition. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.

    Franks, H. M., & Roesch, S.C.(2006).Appraisals and coping in people living with cancer: a meta-analysis. Psycho-Oncology,15(12), 1027-1037.

    Gilbar, Ora.(2005).Breast Cancer: How Do Israeli Women Cope? A Cross-Sectional Sample. Families, Systems, & Health, 23(2),161-171.

    Goldberg, D. P. (1972). The Detection of Psychiatric Illness by Questionnaire. Maudsley Monograph No. 21. Oxford University Press : Oxford.

    Greer S, Morris T, Pettingale KW, & Haybittle JL.(1990). Psychological response to breast cancer and 15-year outcome. Lancet 335, 49-50.

    Gutierrez F, Peri J, Torres X, Caseras X, & Valdes M.(2007). Three dimensions of coping and a look at their evolutionary origin. Journal of Research in Personality, 41(5), 1032-1053.

    Hack, T. F., & Degner, L. F. (2004). Coping responses following breast cancer diagnosis predict psychological adjustment three years later. Psycho-Oncology, 13, 235–247

    Hasking P.A & Oei T.P.S.(2002). The differential role of alcohol expectancies, drinking refusal self‐efficacy and coping resources in predicting alcohol consumption in community and clinical samples. Addiction Research & Theory,
    10 , 465–494.

    Hastings, R., Kovshoff, H., Brown, T., Ward, N., Espinosa, F., & Remington, B. (2005) .Coping strategies in mothers and fathers of preschool and school-age children with autism. Autism, 9(4), 377-391.

    Heim, E., Augustiny, K. F., Schaffner, L., & Valach, L. (1993). Coping with breast cancer over time and situation. Journal of Psychosomatic Research,37(5), 523-542.

    Heim, E., Valach, L., & Schaffner, L. (1997). Coping and psychosocial adaptation: Longitudinal effects over time and stages in breast cancer. Psychosomatic Medicine, 59, 408-418.

    Holahan, C.J.;Moos, R.H.(1986). Personality, coping, and family resources in stress resistance: A longitudinal analysis. Journal of Personality and Social
    Psychology, 51(2), 389-395.

    Holahan, C.J.;Moos, R.H.(1991).Life stressors, personal and social resources, and depression: A 4-year structural model. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100 , 31–38

    Holahan, C. J., Moos, R. H., & Schaefer, J. A. (1996). Coping, stress resistance, and growth: Conceptualizing adaptive functioning. In M. Zeidner & N. S. Endler (Eds), Handbook of Coping: Theory, Research, Applications (pp. 24-43). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

    Holland, K. D., & Holahan, C. K. (2003). The relation of social support and coping to positive adaptation to breast cancer.Psychology and Health, 18, 15–29.

    Horowitz, M., Wilner., & Alvarez, W. (1979). Impact of Event Scale: A measure of subjective stress. Psychosomatic Medicine, 41,209-218.

    Jacobsen, P. B., Widows, M. R., Hann, D. M., Andrykowski, M. A., Kronish, L. E., & Fields, K. K. (1998). Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms following bone marrow transplantation for breast cancer. Psychosomatic Medicine, 60, 366–371.

    Johnson, J. E. (1999).Self-regulation theory and coping with physical illness. Research in Nursing & Health, 22, 435–448.
    Jorgensen, R. S. & Dusek, J. B.(1990). Adolescent Adjustment and Coping Strategies. Journal of Personality, 58, 503–513.

    Kallasmaa, T., & Pulver, A. (2000). The structure and properties of the Estonian COPE inventory. Personality and Individual Diferences, 29(5), 881–894.

    Kershaw, T., Northouse, L., Kritpracha, C., Schafenacker, A., Mood, D.(2004).Coping strategies and quality of life in women with advanced breast cancer and their family caregivers. Psychological Health,19, 139-155.

    Khosla, M.,& Hangal, E.(2004).Role of optimism and pessimism in coping with stress. Journal of Personality and Clinical studies, 20, 71-78.

    King M.T., Kenny P., Shiell A., Hall J. ,& Boyages J. (2000. Quality of life three months and one year after First treatment for early stage breast cancer: Influence of treatment and patient characteristics. Quality of Life Research, 9, 789-800.

    Krohne, H. W. (1993). Vigilance and cognitive avoidance as concepts in coping research. In H. W. Krohne (Ed.),Attention and avoidance: Strategies in coping with aversiveness (pp. 19-50). Seattle: Hogrefe & Huber.

    Kroenke CH, Rosner B, Chen WY, Kawachi I, Colditz GA, & Holmes MD.( 2004) Functional impact of breast cancer by age at diagnosis. Journal Clinical Oncology, 22 ,1849 – 56.

    Lazarus, R S, (1966).Psychological Stress and the Coping Process. NY: McGraw-Hill.

    Lazarus, R.S.(1991).Emotion and adaptation. NY: Oxford University Press.

    Lazarus, R. S. (1993). From psychological stress to the emotions: A history of changing outlooks. Annual Reviews of Psychology, 44, 1-21.

    Lazarus, R. S. (1999). Stress and emotion: A new synthesis. NY: Springer.

    Lazarus, R. S. (2000). Toward better research on stress and coping. American Psychologist, 55, 665-673.

    Lazarus, R. S. (2000a). Cognitive-motivational-relational theory of emotion. In Y. L. Hanin (Ed.), Emotions in sport (pp. 40-63). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

    Lazarus, R. S. (2000b). How emotions influence performance in competitive sports. The Sport Psychologist, 14,229-252.

    Lazarus, R.S.,& Folkman, S.(1984). The coping process: an alternative to traditional formulations. New York: Springer.

    Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1994). Passion and Reason: Making Sense of Our Emotions. NY: Oxford University Press.

    Lebel S., Rosberger Z.,Edgar L., & Devins, GM(2009.Emotional distress impacts fear of the future among breast cancer survivors not the reverse. Journal of cancer survivorship, 3(2), 117-127.

    Lee, R.M.; Liu, H.T.(2001).Coping with intergenerational family conflict:Comparison of Asian American, Hispanic, and European American college students. Journal of Counseling Psychology,48, 410-419.

    Lee-Jones, C., Humphris, G., Dixon, R., Hatcher, MB.(1997). Fear of cancer recurrence--a literature review and proposed cognitive formulation to explain exacerbation of recurrence fears. Psychooncology, 6(2), 95-105.

    Leung, C.M., Ho, S., Kan, C.S., Hung, C.H., & Chen, C.N. (1993.Evaluation of the Chinese version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. International Journal of Psychosomatics, 40, 29–34.

    Leventhal, E. A., Suls, J., & Leventhal, H.(1993). Hierarchical analysis of coping: Evidence from life-span studies. In H. W. Krohne (Ed.), Attention and avoidance: Strategies in coping with aversiveness (pp. 71-100).Seattle: Hogrefe & Huber.

    Li, J.,Lambert VA.(2007). Coping strategies and predictors of general well-being in women with breast cancer in the People’s Republic of China. Nursing Health Science, 9, 199–204.

    Lindsay, k. & Love, S(2002)。乳癌聖經(Dr. Susan Love’s breast book) (郭雅君、楊雅婷譯)。台北:天下。(原作2000出版)

    Litman, J.A.(2006).The COPE inventory: dimensionality and relationships with approach- and avoidance-motives and positive and negative traits.Personality and Individual Differences, 41, 273–284.

    Little RJA & Rubin DB.(1987).Statistical analyses with missing data.NY: Wiley.

    Liu, W.M.;& Iwamoto, D.K. (2001).Conformity to masculine norms, Asian values, coping strategies, peer group influences and substance use among Asian American men. Psychology Men Masculinity,8, 25-39.

    Livneh, H. (2000). Psychosocial adaptation to cancer: the role of coping strategies. Journal of Rehabilitation, 66, 40–49.

    Lyne K.,& Roger D.(2000). A psychometric re-assessment of the COPE questionnaire Personality and Individual Differences, 29 (2), 321–335

    Lyons, R.R., Sullivan, M.J.L., Ritvo, P.G., & Coyne, J.C. (1995). Relationships in chronic illness and disability. Thousand Oaks.CA:Sage.

    Manne , S.L., Sabbioni, M., Bovbjerg, D.H., Jacobsen, P.B., Taylor, K.L., & Redd, W.H. (1994). Coping with chemotherapy for breast cancer. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 17, 41 - 55 .

    Manning-Walsh, J.(2005) .Spiritual struggle: Effect on quality of life and life satisfaction in women with breast cancer.Journal of Holist. Nurs.,23(2),120–40.

    McNair, D. M., Lorr, M., & Droppleman, L. F. (1971). Manual for the Profile of Mood States. San Diego, CA: Educational and Industrial Testing Services.

    Meyer, B. (2001).Coping with severe mental illness:Relations of the Brief COPE with symptoms, functioning, and well-being. J. Psychopathol. Behav Assess., 23, 265-277.

    Miller , S.M. (1987). Monitoring and blunting: validation of a questionnaire to assess
    styles ofinformation seeking under threat. Journal of Personality and Social, 52, 345-353.

    Mitchell, R.E., Cronkite, R.C., & Moos, R.H.(1983). Stress, coping and depression among married couples. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 92, 433-438.

    Miyazaki, Y.,Bodenhorn, N., Zalaquett, C.,Ng, K.-M.(2008). Factorial structure of Brief COPE for international students attending U.S. colleges. Coll. Stud. J.,42, 795-806.

    Moos, R. H., & Billings, A. G. (1982). Conceptualizing and measuring coping resources and processes. In L. Goldberger & S. Bresnitz (Eds.), Handbook of stress: Theoretical and clinical aspects (pp. 212-230). New York: The Free Press.

    Moskovita, J. T. (2004). Coping: Pitfalls and promise.Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 745-774.

    Muller, L., & Spitz, E. (2003). Evaluation multi-dimensionelle du coping: Validation du Brief COPE sur une population francaise. L'Encephale, XXIX, 507 -518.

    Nicholls, A. R., Polman, R. C. J., Levy, A. R.(2012). A path analysis of stress appraisals, emotions, coping, and performance satisfaction among athletes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise 2012, Vol. 13(3), 263-270.

    Nosarti, Chiara, Roberts, J.V., Crayford, T, McKenzie, K.,

    David, A.S.(2002). Early psychological adjustment in breast cancer patients: A prospective study.
    Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Vol 53(6), 1123-1130.

    Olah A.(1995).Coping strategies among adolescents—a cross-cultural-study.Journal of Adolescence, 18 ,491–512.

    Pakenham, K.I., Dadds, M.R., & Terry, D.J.(1994).Relationships between adjustment to HIV and both social support and coping. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62(6), 1194-1203.

    Park, C. L., Edmondson, D., Fenster, J. R., Blank, T. O. (2008). Meaning making and psychological adjustment following cancer: The mediating roles of growth, life meaning, and restored justworld beliefs. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76, 863-875.

    Paukert, A.L., LeMaire, A., & Cully, J.A.(2009). Predictors of depressive symptoms in older veterans with heart failure. Age Mental Health. 13, 601-610.

    Pearlin, L. I. & Schooler, C.(1987). The structure of coping.Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 19, 2-21.

    Perczek, R., Carver, C.S., Price, A.A., & Pozo-Kaderman, C. (2000).Coping, mood, and aspects of personality in Spanish translation and evidence of convergence with English versions. J. Person. Assess., 74, 63-87.

    Perlin, L.I. and Schooler, C. (1978). The structure of coping. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour, 19, 2-21.

    Pillay, A. L., & Sargent, C. A. (1999). Relationship of age and education with anxiety, depression, and hopelessness in a South African community sample.Perceptual & Motor skills, 89(3), 881-884.

    Prado, G., Szapocznik, J., Mitrani, VB., Mauer, MH., Smith, L., Feaster, DJ.(2002).Factors influencing engagement into interventions for adaptation to HIV in African American women.AIDS and behavior, 6(2), 141-51.

    Radat, F., Lantéri-Minet, M., Nachit-Ouinekh, F., Massiou, H., Lucas, C., Pradalier, A. et al.(2009). The GRIM2005 study of migraine consultation in France. III: Psychological features of subjects with migraine. Cephalalgia, 29, 338-350.

    Ray, O.(2004).How the mind hurts and heals the body.American Psychologist, 59, 29–40.

    Ribeiro, J.L.P., & Rodrigues, A.P. (2004).Questões acerca do coping: A propósito do estudo de adaptação do Brief COPE. Psicologia, Saúde Doenças, 5, 3-15.

    Roesch S.C. et al. (2005).Coping with prostate cancer: a meta-analytic review. Journal of Behavior Medicine, 28(3), 281-293.

    Roth, S., Cohen, L. J. (1986). Approach, avoidance, and coping with stress.American Psychologist,41, 813-819.

    Saniah A. & Zainal N. (2010). Anxiety Depression and Coping Strategies in Breast Cancer Patients on Chemotherapy. Malaysian Journal of Psychiatry, 19, 2.

    Sayakhot P, Vincent A, Deeks A, Teede H.(2011).Potential adverse impact of Ovariectomy on physical and psychological function of younger women with breast cancer. Menopause, 18(7), 786-93.

    Schaefer, S., & Coleman, E. (1992). Shifts in meaning, purpose, & values following a diagnosis of human immunoeficiency virus (HIV) infection among gay men. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 5, 13-29.

    Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S. (1985). Optimism, coping, and health: Assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies. Health Psychology, 4, 219-247.

    Scheier, M. F., Carver, C. S., & Bridges, M. W. (1994). Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): Are-evaluation of
    the Life Orientation Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 1063-1078.

    Schnoll, R. A., Harlow, L. L., Brandt, U., & Stolbach, L. L. (1998). Using two factor structures of the mental adjustment to cancer (MAC) scale for assessing adaptation to breast cancer. Psycho-Oncology, 7, 424-435.

    Schover, L. R.,Yetman, R. J., Tuason, L. J., Meisler, E., Esselstyn, C. B., Hermann, R. E., Grundfest-Broniatowski, S. Dowden, R. V. (1995). Partial mastectomy and breast reconstruction. A comparison of their effects on psychosocial adjustment, body image, and sexuality. Cancer, 75(1),54-64.

    Schulkin, J., Thompson, B. L., & Rosen, J. B. (2003). Demythologizing the emotions: Adaptation, cognition, and visceral representation of emotions in the nervous
    system. Brain and Cognition, 52, 15-23.

    Schwarzer, R. & Schwarzer, C. (1996). A critical survey of coping instruments. In M. Zeidner & N. S. Endler (Eds.), Handbook of coping: Theory, research and applications (pp. 107-132). N Y: Wiley.

    Sepah, SC., Bower, JE.(2009). Positive affect and inflammation during radiation treatment for breast and prostate cancer. Brain Behavior Immun., 23(8), 1068-72.

    Sinsheimer, LM., Holland, JC.(1987).Psychological issues in breast cancer. Seminars in Oncology,14, 75–82.

    Shen et al.(2005). Significant Difference in the Trends of Female Breast Cancer Incidence Between Taiwanese and Caucasian Americans: Implications from Age-Period-Cohort Analysis. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers Prevention,
    14; 1986-1990.

    Skinner, E., Edge, K., Altman, J. et al.(2003).Searching for the structure of coping:a review and critique of category systems for classifying ways of coping Psychological Bulletin, 129, 216–69.

    Smyth, Kathleen A.;Yarandi, Hossein N.(1996).Factor analysis of the Ways of Coping Questionnaire for African American women. Nursing Research, 45(1),25-29.

    Snell DL, Siegert RJ, Hay-Smith EJ, Surgenor LJ.(2011). Associations between illness perceptions, coping styles and outcome after mild traumatic brain injury: preliminary results from a cohort study. Brain Injury,25(11),1126-38.

    Snyder, C. R., Harris, C., Anderson, J. R., Holleran, S. A., Irving, L. M., Sigmon, S. T., Yoshinobu, L., Langelle, C., & Harney, P. (1991). The will and the ways: development and validation of an individual-differences measure of hope. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 570-585.

    Stanton, A. L., Kirk, S. B., Cameron, C. L., & Danoff-Burg, S. (2000).Coping through emotional approach: Scale construction and validation.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 1150-1169.

    Stanton, A.L., Danoff-Burgh S., & Huggins ,M.E.(2002). The first year after breast cancer diagnosis: Hope and coping strategies as predictors of adjustment.Psycho-Oncology, 11, 93–102.

    Stanton, A. L., & Snider, P. R. (1993). Coping with breast cancer diagnosis: A prospective study. Health Psychology, 12, 16-23.

    Strack, S., & Feifel H. (1996).Age differences, coping, and adult lefe span.M. Zeidner, N.S. Endler (Eds.), Handbook of coping: Theory, research, applications.NY: John Wiley, pp. 485–501.

    Taleghani F, Yekta ZP, Nasrabadi AN.(2006).Coping with breast cancer in newly diagnosed Iranian women.Journal Advance Nursing,54(3),265-272.

    Thompson, R. J., Gustafson, K. E., Hamlett, K. W., & Spock, A. (1992).Psychological adjustment of children with cystic fibrosis: The role of child cognitive processes and maternal adjustment. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 17, 741-755.

    Tobin DL, Holroyd KA, Reynolds RV, Wigal JK. (1989).The hierarchical factor structure of the Coping Strategies Inventory. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 13, 343–361.

    Tuncay, T., Musabak, I., Gok, D. E., & Kutlu, M. (2008). The relationship between anxiety, coping strategies and characteristics of patients with diabetes. Health Qual Life Outcomes, 6, 79.

    Van’t Spijker, A., Trijsburg, R. W., & Duivenvoorden, H. J. (1997). Psychological sequelae of cancer diagnosis: A meta-analytical review of 58 studies after 1980. Psychosomatic Medicine, 59, 280-293.

    Vinokur A, Threatt B, Vinokur-Kaplan D , & Satariano W .(1990) .The process of recovery from breast cancer for younger and older patients. Cancer 65, 1242-1254.

    Wade, T.D., Nehmy T., & Koczwara, B. (2005). Predicting worries about health after breast cancer surgery. Psycho-Oncology, 14, 503-509.

    Ward, S., Viergutz, G., Tormey, D., deMuth, J., &Paulen, A.(1992). Patients reactions to completion of adjuvant breast cancer therapy. Nursing Research, 41, 362-366.

    Watson, M., & Greer, S. (1983). Development of a questionnaire measure of emotional control. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 27, 299-305.

    Watson, M., Greer, S., Blake, S., & Shrapnell, K. (1984). Reaction to a diagnosis of breast cancer: Relationsip between denial, delay and rates of psychological morbidity. Cancer, 53, 2008-2112.

    Watson M, Greer S and Bliss JM. (1989).Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale User 's Manual. Cancer Research Campaign Medical Research Group, Royal Marsden Hospital: Sutton, Surrey.

    Yang, H. C., Brothers, B. M., & Andersen, B. L. (2008). Stress and quality of life in breast cancer recurrence: moderation or mediation of coping? Ann Behav Med, 35(2), 188-197.
    Yeo W, Kwan W, Teo P.M.L., Nip S., Wong E., Hin L.Y, et al. (2004). Psychosocial impact of breast cancer surgeries in Chinese patients and their spouses. Psycho-Oncology 13, 132–139.

    Yeung, D. Y., & Fung, H. H. (2007). Age differences in coping and emotional responses toward SARS: a longitudinal study of Hong Kong Chinese. Aging Mental Health, 11(5), 579-587.

    Zelikovsky, N., Schast, A. P., & Jean-Francois, D. (2007). Parent Stress and Coping: Waiting for a Child to Receive a Kidney Transplant. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, 14(4), 320-329.

    Zigmond AS, & Snaith RP. (1983).The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Acta Psychiatry Scand, 67, 361–70.

    Zhou LF, et al. (2005).Impact of comorbid anxiety and depression on quality of life and cellular immunity changes in patients digestive tract cancer. World Journal
    Gastroenterol,11,2313-18.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    心理學研究所
    96752021
    100
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0096752021
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    202101.pdf1641KbAdobe PDF910View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback