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    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 資訊科學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/54463
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/54463


    Title: 利用馬可夫邏輯網路模型與自動化生成的模板加強生醫文獻之語意角色標註
    Biomedical semantic role labeling with a Markov Logic network and automatically generated patterns
    Authors: 賴柏廷
    Contributors: 蔡宗翰
    劉昭麟

    Tsai, Richard Tzong Han
    Liu, Chao Lin

    賴柏廷
    Keywords: 語意角色標註
    自然語言處理
    馬可夫邏輯網路
    機器學習
    資訊擷取
    Semantic Role Labeling
    Natural Language Processing
    Markov Logic Network
    Machine Learning
    Information Extraction
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-10-30 11:07:49 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 背景: 生醫文獻語意角色標註(Semantic Role Labeling, SRL)是一種自然語言處理的技術,其可用來將描述生物過程的語句以predicate-argument structures ( PASs ) 表示。SRL 經常受限於arguments的unbalance problem而且需要花費許多的時間和記憶體空間在學習 arguments 之間的相依性。
    方法: 我們提出一Markov Logic Network ( MLN ) -based SRL之系統,且此系統使用自動化生成之SRL 模板同時辨識constituents與候選之語意角色。
    結果及結論: 我們的方法在BioProp語料上來評估。實驗結果顯示我們的方法勝過目前最先進的系統。此外,使用SRL模板後,在時間及記憶體之花費上亦大幅的減少,而且我們自動化生成之模板亦能幫助建立這些模板。我們認為本論文提出之方法可以透過增加新的SRL模板例如:由生物學家手動寫的模板,而得到進一步的提升,而且本方法也為於需要處理大量SRL 語料時,提供一種可能的解法。
    Background: Biomedical semantic role labeling ( SRL ) is a natural language processing technique that expresses the sentences that describe biological processes as predicate-argument structures ( PASs ) . SRL usually suffers from the unbalanced problem of arguments and consuming time and memory on learning the dependencies between the arguments.
    Method: We constructed a Markov Logic Network ( MLN ) -based SRL system, and the system uses SRL patterns, which utilizes automatically generated approaches, to simultaneously recognize the constituents and candidates of semantic roles.
    Results and conclusions: Our method is evaluated on the BioProp corpus. The experimental result shows that our method outperforms the state-of-the-art system. Furthermore, after applying SRL patterns, the costs of the time and memory are greatly reduced, and our automatically generated patterns are helpful in the development of these patterns. We consider that our method can be further improved by adding new SRL patterns such as biological experts manually written patterns and it also provide a possible solution to process large SRL corpus.
    Reference: [1] H.-J. Dai, Y.-C. Chang, R. Tzong-Han Tsai, and W.-L. Hsu, "New Challenges for Biological Text-Mining in the Next Decade," Journal of Computer Science and Technology, vol. 25, pp. 169-179, 2010.
    [2] R. T.-H. Tsai, W.-C. Chou, Y.-S. Su, Y.-C. Lin, C.-L. Sung, H.-J. Dai, I. T.-H. Yeh, W. Ku, T.-Y. Sung, and W.-L. Hsu, "BIOSMILE: a semantic role labeling system for biomedical verbs using a maximum-entropy model with automatically generated template features," BMC Bioinformatics, vol. 8, p. 325, 2007.
    [3] S. Pradhan, W. Ward, K. Hacioglu, J. Martin, and D. Jurafsky, "Shallow Semantic Parsing using Support Vector Machines," in Proceedings of the Human Language Technology Conference/North American chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics annual meeting (HLT/NAACL-2004), Boston, MA, USA, 2004.
    [4] K. B. Cohen and L. Hunter, "A critical review of PASBio's argument structures for biomedical verbs.," BMC Bioinformatics, vol. 7, 2006.
    [5] S. Pradhan, K. Hacioglu, V. Krugler, W. Ward, J. H. Martin, and D. Jurafsky. (2005). Support Vector Learning for Semantic Argument Classification
    [6] T. Cohn and P. Blunsom, "Semantic role labelling with tree conditional random fields," in In Proceedings of CoNLL-2005, ed, 2005, pp. 169-172.
    [7] P. Kingsbury and M. Palmer, "From Treebank to PropBank," ed, 2002.
    [8] X. Carreras and L. Marquez, "Introduction to the CoNLL-2005 Shared Task: Semantic Role Labeling," 2005.
    [9] D. Gildea and M. Palmer, "The necessity of parsing for predicate argument recognition," in ACL '02: Proceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics, 2001, pp. 239-246.
    [10] V. Punyakanok, D. Roth, W.-t. Yih, and D. Zimak, "Semantic role labeling via integer linear programming inference," in In Proceedings of COLING-04, ed, 2004, pp. 1346-1352.
    [11] S. Riedel, "Improving the accuracy and Efficiency of MAP Inference for Markov Logic," in Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference on Uncertainty in AI (UAI '08), ed, 2008, pp. 468-475.
    [12] P. Domingos and M. Richardson, "Markov Logic: A Unifying Framework for Statistical Relational Learning," in PROCEEDINGS OF THE ICML-2004 WORKSHOP ON STATISTICAL RELATIONAL LEARNING AND ITS CONNECTIONS TO OTHER FIELDS, 2004, pp. 49-54.
    [13] M. Richardson and P. Domingos, "Markov logic networks," Machine Learning, vol. 62, pp. 107-136, 2006.
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    [15] S. Riedel, "Improving the accuracy and efficiency of map inference for markov logic," presented at the Proceedings of UAI 2008, 2008.
    [16] D. Gildea and D. Jurafsky, "Automatic labeling of semantic roles," Comput. Linguist., vol. 28, pp. 245-288, 2002.
    [17] N. Xue, "Calibrating features for semantic role labeling," in In Proceedings of EMNLP 2004, ed, 2004, pp. 88-94.
    [18] M. Surdeanu, S. Harabagiu, J. Williams, and P. Aarseth, "Using predicate-argument structures for information extraction," presented at the Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics - Volume 1, Sapporo, Japan, 2003.
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    [20] S. Riedel and I. Meza-Ruiz, "Collective semantic role labelling with Markov logic," presented at the Proceedings of the Twelfth Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning, Manchester, United Kingdom, 2008.
    [21] T. Wattarujeekrit, P. Shah, and N. Collier, "PASBio: predicate-argument structures for event extraction in molecular biology," BMC Bioinformatics, vol. 5, p. 155, 2004.
    [22] P. Thompson, S. Iqbal, J. McNaught, and S. Ananiadou, "Construction of an annotated corpus to support biomedical information extraction," BMC Bioinformatics, vol. 10, p. 349, 2009.
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    [24] W.-C. Chou, R. T.-H. Tsai, Y.-S. Su, W. Ku, T.-Y. Sung, and W.-L. Hsu, "A semi-automatic method for annotating a biomedical proposition bank," presented at the Proceedings of the Workshop on Frontiers in Linguistically Annotated Corpora 2006, Sydney, Australia, 2006.
    [25] J. D. Kim, T. Ohta, Y. Tateisi, and J. Tsujii, "GENIA corpus -- a semantically annotated corpus for bio-textmining," Bioinformatics, vol. 19, pp. i180-i182, 2003.
    [26] D. Dahlmeier and H. T. Ng, "Domain Adaptation for Semantic Role Labeling in the Biomedical Domain," Bioinformatics (Oxford, England), 2010.
    [27] S. Bethard, Z. Lu, J. Martin, and L. Hunter, "Semantic Role Labeling for Protein Transport Predicates," BMC Bioinformatics, vol. 9, p. 277, 2008.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    資訊科學學系
    99753004
    100
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0099753004
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[資訊科學系] 學位論文

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