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    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/54332
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/54332

    Title: 自傷與自殺的階層預測模式
    Hierarchical Predictor Model of Non-suicidal self-injury and Suicide
    Authors: 謝光桓
    Hsieh, Kuang Huan
    Contributors: 許文耀
    Hsieh, Kuang Huan
    Keywords: 三角模式
    tripartite model
    non-suicidal self-injury
    positive affect
    negative affect
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-10-30 10:44:27 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究結合Clark與Watson(1991)的三角模式(Tripartite Model)以及Brown、Chorpita和Barlow(1998)提出的階層性概念,結構正向情感、負向情感、焦慮、憂鬱、無望感、自傷、自殺的關係,建立自傷與自殺的階層預測模式,說明自傷與自殺的同異處。研究對象為487位大學生,325位女性與162位男性,採取自陳式問卷的方式施測,包含自我傷害行為量表、自殺危險程度量表、貝克無望感量表、正負向情感量表、症狀檢核表-90-修正版(摘錄測量焦慮與憂鬱的題目)、相關背景變項的測量,並以描述性統計、相關性考驗、階層迴歸分析、結構方程模式等統計方式對資料進行處理。主要的研究結果為:(1)負向情感能預測與解釋焦慮和憂鬱,且能透過焦慮預測自傷與自殺,唯焦慮對自傷的解釋力較高;負向情感亦能透過憂鬱預測自殺,但無法透過憂鬱預測自傷。(2)正向情感能預測與解釋憂鬱,且能透過憂鬱預測自殺。(3)加入無望感分析後,發現憂鬱能透過無望感預測自殺,憂鬱也能直接預測自殺,顯示無望感為憂鬱與自殺的部分中介變項。最後,結果發現有15.81%的自傷比例、24.64%的自殺意念比例、8.01%的自殺企圖比例。
    This study combined Clark & Watson’s (1991) tripartite model with Brown, Chorpita, and Barlow’s (1998) hierarchical model to structure the relationship of positive affect (PA), negative affect (NA), anxiety, depression, hopelessness, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), and suicide. This study attempted to establish hierarchical predictor model of NSSI and suicide, and explain the relationship of NSSI and suicide. The participants were 487 university students, 325 females and 162 males, who were participating in a study of test of deliberate self-harm inventory, suicide risk inventory, Beck hopelessness scale, positive and negative affect schedule, symptom checklist-90-R, and background variables. The data were examined by descriptive statistics, correlation, hierarchical analysis, and structural equation modeling. The main results were : (1) NA could predict anxiety and depression ; anxiety could not only mediate the relationship of NSSI and NA, but also mediate the relationship of NA and suicide ; anxiety accounted for more of the variance in NSSI than in suicide ; depression could mediate the relationship of NA and suicide, but could not mediate the relationship of NSSI and NA. (2) PA could predict depression, and depression could mediate the relationship of PA and suicide. (3) the role of hopelessness was partial mediator of depression and suicide. Finally, the result found 15.81% NSSI, 24.64% suicidal ideation, and 8.01% suicidal attempt.
    Reference: 中文文獻

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    Data Type: thesis
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