English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 11 |  Items with full text/Total items : 88866/118573 (75%)
Visitors : 23561026      Online Users : 413
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/54332
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/54332


    Title: 自傷與自殺的階層預測模式
    Hierarchical Predictor Model of Non-suicidal self-injury and Suicide
    Authors: 謝光桓
    Hsieh, Kuang Huan
    Contributors: 許文耀
    謝光桓
    Hsieh, Kuang Huan
    Keywords: 三角模式
    自傷
    自殺
    正向情感
    負向情感
    焦慮
    憂鬱
    無望感
    tripartite model
    non-suicidal self-injury
    suicide
    positive affect
    negative affect
    anxiety
    depression
    hopelessness
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-10-30 10:44:27 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究結合Clark與Watson(1991)的三角模式(Tripartite Model)以及Brown、Chorpita和Barlow(1998)提出的階層性概念,結構正向情感、負向情感、焦慮、憂鬱、無望感、自傷、自殺的關係,建立自傷與自殺的階層預測模式,說明自傷與自殺的同異處。研究對象為487位大學生,325位女性與162位男性,採取自陳式問卷的方式施測,包含自我傷害行為量表、自殺危險程度量表、貝克無望感量表、正負向情感量表、症狀檢核表-90-修正版(摘錄測量焦慮與憂鬱的題目)、相關背景變項的測量,並以描述性統計、相關性考驗、階層迴歸分析、結構方程模式等統計方式對資料進行處理。主要的研究結果為:(1)負向情感能預測與解釋焦慮和憂鬱,且能透過焦慮預測自傷與自殺,唯焦慮對自傷的解釋力較高;負向情感亦能透過憂鬱預測自殺,但無法透過憂鬱預測自傷。(2)正向情感能預測與解釋憂鬱,且能透過憂鬱預測自殺。(3)加入無望感分析後,發現憂鬱能透過無望感預測自殺,憂鬱也能直接預測自殺,顯示無望感為憂鬱與自殺的部分中介變項。最後,結果發現有15.81%的自傷比例、24.64%的自殺意念比例、8.01%的自殺企圖比例。
    This study combined Clark & Watson’s (1991) tripartite model with Brown, Chorpita, and Barlow’s (1998) hierarchical model to structure the relationship of positive affect (PA), negative affect (NA), anxiety, depression, hopelessness, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), and suicide. This study attempted to establish hierarchical predictor model of NSSI and suicide, and explain the relationship of NSSI and suicide. The participants were 487 university students, 325 females and 162 males, who were participating in a study of test of deliberate self-harm inventory, suicide risk inventory, Beck hopelessness scale, positive and negative affect schedule, symptom checklist-90-R, and background variables. The data were examined by descriptive statistics, correlation, hierarchical analysis, and structural equation modeling. The main results were : (1) NA could predict anxiety and depression ; anxiety could not only mediate the relationship of NSSI and NA, but also mediate the relationship of NA and suicide ; anxiety accounted for more of the variance in NSSI than in suicide ; depression could mediate the relationship of NA and suicide, but could not mediate the relationship of NSSI and NA. (2) PA could predict depression, and depression could mediate the relationship of PA and suicide. (3) the role of hopelessness was partial mediator of depression and suicide. Finally, the result found 15.81% NSSI, 24.64% suicidal ideation, and 8.01% suicidal attempt.
    Reference: 中文文獻
    呂孟真(2006)。自我傷害動機、負向情緒、經驗迴避、情緒調節與青少年自我傷害行為之關係探索。國立政治大學心理學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
    吳明隆(2006)。SPSS統計應用與學習實務:問卷分析與應用統計。台北市:知城數位科技。
    林震岩(2007)。多變量分析:SPSS的操作與應用。台北市:智勝文化。
    許文耀、王德賢、陳喬琪、陳明輝(2006)。影響自殺企圖者的自殺危險性發生路徑之檢驗。中華心理學刊,48(1),1-12。
    許文耀、鍾瑞玫(1997)。「自殺危險程度量表」的編製及其信、效度考驗。中華心理衛生學刊,10(2),1-17。
    陳毓文(2000)。「他們想說什麼?--青少年自傷行為之初探」。社會政策與社會工作學刊,4(2),127-178。
    陳毓文(2006)。「一般在學青少年自殘行為之相關環境因素初探」。中華心理衛生學刊,19(2),95-124。
    蔡孟桓(2005)。自我差距與情緒、自尊、人際敏感的關係。國立中正大學心理學研究所碩士論文,未出版,嘉義縣。

    英文文獻
    Abramson, L. Y., Alloy, L. B., & Metalsky, G. I. (1989). Hopelessness depression: A theory-based subtype of depression. Psychological Review, 96(2), 358-372.
    Baumeister, R. F. (1990). Suicide as escape from self. Psychological Review, 97(1), 90-113.
    Beck, A. T. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York: International Universities Press.
    Beck, A. T., Brown, G., Berchick, R. J., Stewart, B. L., & Steer, R. A. (1990). Relationship between hopelessness and ultimate suicide: A replication with psychiatric outpatients. American Journal of Psychiatry, 147(2), 190-195.
    Beck, A. T., Kovacs, M., & Weissman, A. (1975). Hopelessness and suicidal behavior. Journal of the American Medical Association, 234, 1146-1149.
    Beck, A. T., Kovacs, M., & Weissman, A. (1979). Assessment of suicidal intention: The scale for suicide ideation. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 47(2), 343-352.
    Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Ranieri, W. F. (1988). Scale for suicide ideation: Psychometric properties of a self-report version. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 44(4), 499-505.
    Beck, A. T., Weissman, A., Lester, D., & Trexler, L. (1974). The measurement of pessimism: The hopelessness scale. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42(6), 861-865.
    Beck, R., Perkins, T. S., Holder, R., Robbins, M., Gray, M., & Allison, S. H. (2001). The cognitive and emotional phenomenology of depression and anxiety: Are worry and hopelessness the cognitive correlates of NA and PA? Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25(6), 829-838.
    Beevers, C. G., & Miller, I. W. (2004). Perfectionism, cognitive bias, and hopelessness as prospective predictors of suicidal ideation. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 34(2), 126-137.
    Brausch, A. M., & Gutierrez, P. M. (2010). Difference in non-suicidal self-injury and suicide attempts in adolescent. Journal of Youth Adolescence, 39(3), 233-242.
    Brener, N. D., Hassan, S. S., & Barrios, L. C. (1999). Suicidal ideation among college students in the United States. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67(6), 1004-1008.
    Briere, J., & Gil, E. (1998). Self-mutilation in clinical and general population samples: Prevalence correlates and functions. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 64(4), 609-620.
    Brown, T. A., Chorpita, B. F., & Barlow, D. H. (1998). Structural relationships among dimensions of the DSM-IV anxiety and mood disorders and dimensions of negative affect, positive affect, and autonomic arousal. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 107(2), 179-192.
    Carmines, E. G., & McLver, J. P. (1981). Analyzing models with unobserved variables: Analysis of covariance structures. In: G. W. Bhrnstedt, & E. F. Borgatta (Eds.), Social measurement: current issues (pp. 65-115). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.
    Castille, K., Prout, M., Marczyk, G., Shmidheiser, M., Yoder, S., & Howlett, B. (2007). The early maladaptive schemas of self-mutilators: Implications for therapy. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 21(1), 56-71.
    Chapman, A. L., & Dixon-Gordon, K. L. (2007). Emotional antecedents and consequence of deliberate self-harm and suicide attempts. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 37(5), 543-552.
    Chapman, A. L., Gratz, K. L., & Brown, M. Z. (2006). Solving the puzzle of deliberate self-harm: The experiential avoidance model. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44(3), 371-394.
    Cheung, Y. B., Law, C. K., Chan, B., Liu, K. Y., & Yip, P. S. F. (2006). Suicidal ideation and suicidal attempts in a population-based study of Chinese people: Risk attributable to hopelessness, depression, and social factor. Journal of Affective Disorder, 90, 193-199.
    Chioqueta, A. P., & Stiles, T. C. (2004). Personality traits and the development of depression, hopelessness, and suicide ideation. Personality and Individual Differences, 38(6), 1283-1291.
    Clark, L. A., & Watson, D. (1991). Tripartite model of anxiety and depression: Psychometric evidence and taxonomic implications. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100(3), 316-366.
    Cole, D. A. (1989). Psychopathology of adolescent suicide: Hopelessness, coping beliefs, and depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 98(3), 248-255.
    Cooper, J., Kapur, N., Webb, R., Lawlor, M., Guthrie, E., Mackway-Jones, K., & Appleby, L. (2005). Suicide after deliberate self-harm: A 4-year cohort study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 297-303.
    Cox, B. J., Enns, M. W., & Clara, I. P. (2004). Psychological dimensions associated with suicide ideation and attempts in the National Comorbidity Survey. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 34(3), 209-219.
    Dean, P. J., Range, L. M., & Goggin, W. C. (1996). The escape theory of suicide in college students: Testing a model that includes perfectionism. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 26(2), 181-186.
    Deiter, P. J., Nicholls, S. S., & Pearlman, L. A. (2000). Self-injury and self-capacities: Assisting an individual in crisis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 59(9), 1173-1191.
    de Man, A. F., & Leduc, C. P. (1995). Suicidal ideation in high school students: Depression and other correlates. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 51(2), 173-181.
    Derogatis, L. R. (1983). SCL-90-R: Administration, scoring and procedures manual-II for the revised version. Towson, MD: Clinical Psychometric Research.
    Dieserud, D., Roysamb, E., Ekeberg, O., & Kraft, P. (2001). Toward an integrative model of suicide attempt: A cognitive psychological approach. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 31(2), 153-168.
    Dixon, W. A., Heppner, P. P., & Rudd, M. D. (1994). Problem-solving appraisal hopelessness, and suicide ideation: Evidence for a meditational model. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 41(1), 91-98.
    Dori, G. A., & Overholser, J. C. (1999). Depression, hopelessness, and self-esteem: Accounting for suicidality in adolescent psychiatric inpatients. Suicide and Life-Threartening Behavior, 29(4), 309-318.
    Evans, E., Hawton, K., & Rodham, K. (2004). Factors associated with suicidal phenomena in adolescents: A systematic review of population-based studies. Clinical Psychology Review, 24(8), 957-979.
    Evans, E., Hawton, K., & Rodham, K. (2005) . In what ways are adolescents who engage in self-harm or experience thoughts of self-harm different in terms of help-seeking, communication and coping strategies? Journal of Adolescence, 28(4), 573-587.
    Fliege, H., Kocalevent, R-D., Walter, O. B., Beck, S., Gratz, K. L., Gutierrez, P. M., & Klapp, B. F. (2006). Three assessment tools for deliberate self-harm and suicide behavior : Evaluation and psychopathological correlates. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 61(1), 113-121.
    Goldston, D. B., Reboussin, B. A., & Daniel, S. S. (2006). Predictors of suicide attempts: State and trait components. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115(4), 842-849.
    Gollust, S. E., Eisenberg, D., & Golberstein, E. (2008). Prevalence and correlates of self-injury: Among university students. Journal of American College Health, 56, 491-498.
    Gratz, K. L. (2001). Measurement of deliberate self-harm: Preliminary data on the deliberate self-harm inventory. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 23(4), 253-263.
    Gratz, K. L. (2003). Risk factors for and functions of deliberate self-harm: An empirical and conceptual review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2), 192-205.
    Gratz, K. L. (2006). Risk factors for deliberate self-harm among female college students: The role and interaction of childhood maltreatment, emotional inexpressivity, and affect intensity reactivity. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 76(2), 238-250.
    Gratz, K. L., Conrad, S. D., & Roemer, L. (2002). Risk factors for deliberate self-harm among college students. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 72(1), 128-140.
    Greene, F. N., Chorpita, B. F., & Austin, A. A. (2009). Examining youth anxiety symptoms and suicidal ideation in the context of the tripartite model of emotion. Journal Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 31(4), 405-411.
    Hasking, P. A., Coric, S. J., Swannell, S., Martin, G., Thompson, H. K., & Frost, A. D. J. (2010). Emotion regulation and coping as moderator in the relationship between personality and self-injury. Journal of Adolescence, 33(5), 767-773.
    Hawton, K., & James, A. (2005). Suicide and deliberate self harm in young people. British Medical Journal, 330, 891-894.
    Hawton, K., Kingsbury, S., Steinhardt, K., James, A., & Fagg, J. (1999). Repetition of deliberate self-harm by adolescents: The role of psychological factors. Journal of Adolescence, 22(3), 369-378.
    Heath, N. L., Toste, J. R., Nedecheva, T., & Charlebois, A. (2008). An examination of nonsuicidal self-injury among college student. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 30(2), 137-156.
    Hirsch, J. K., Duberstein, P. R., Chapman, B., & Lyness, J. M. (2007). Positive affect and suicide ideation in older adult primary care patient. Psychology and Aging, 22(2), 380-385.
    Hu, L. T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structural analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1-55.
    Hughes, A. A., Heimberg, R. G., Coles, M. E., Gibb, B. E., Liebowitz, M. R., & Schneier, F. R. (2006). Relations of the factors of the tripartite model of anxiety and depression to types of social anxiety. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44(11), 1629-1641.
    Joiner, T. E. (1996). A confirmatory factor-analytic investigation of the tripartite model of depression and anxiety in college students. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 20(5), 521-539.
    Joiner, T. E. (2005). Why people die by suicide. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Joiner, T. E., Pettit, J. W., Perez, M., Burns, A. B., Gencoz, T., Gencoz, F., & Rudd, M. D. (2001). Can positive emotion influence problem-solving attitudes among suicidal adults? Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 32(5), 507-512.
    Kaslow, N. J., Thompson, M. P., Okun, A., Price, A., Young, S., Bender, M., et al. (2002). Risk and protective factors for suicidal behavior in abused African American women. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70(2), 311-319.
    King, R. A., Schwab-Stone, M., Flisher, A. J., Greenwald, S., Kramer, R. A., Goodman, S. H., et al. (2001). Psychosocial and risk behavior correlates of youth suicide attempts and suicidal ideation. Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(7), 837-846.
    Klonsky, E. D. (2005). The functions of deliberate self-injury: A review of the evidence. Clinical Psychology Review, 27(2), 226-239.
    Klonsky, E. D. (2009). The functions of self-injury in young adults who cut themselves: Clarifying the evidence for affect-regulation. Psychiatry Research, 166(2-3), 260-268.
    Klonsky, E. D., Oltmanns, T. F., & Turkheimer, E. (2003). Deliberate self-harm in a nonclinical population: Prevalence and psychological correlates. American Journal of psychiatry, 160, 1501-1508.
    Klonsky, E. D., & Olino, M. T. (2008). Identifying clinically distinct subgroups of self-injurers among young adults: A latent class analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(1), 22-27.
    Konick, L. C., & Gutierrez, P. M. (2005). Testing a model of suicide ideation in college students. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 35(2), 181-192.
    Larsson, B., & Sund, A. M. (2008). Prevalence, course, incidence, and 1-year prediction of deliberate self-harm and suicide attempts in early Norwegian school adolescents. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 38(2), 152-165.
    Lasgaard, M., Goossens, L., & Elklit, A. (2011). Loneliness, depressive symptomatology, and suicide ideation in adolescence: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39(1), 137-150.
    Laye-Gindhu, A., & Schonert-Reichl, K. A. (2005). Nonsuicidal self-harm among community adolescents: Understanding the “whats” and “whys” of self-harm. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34(5), 447-457.
    Lewinsohn, P. M., Rohde, P., & Seeley, J. R. (1996). Adolescent suicidal ideation and attempts: Prevalence, risk factors and clinical implications. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 3(1), 25-46.
    Lloyd-Richardson, E. E., Perrine, N., Dierker, L., & Kelley, M. L. (2007). Characteristics and functions of non-suicidal self-injury in a community sample of adolescents. Psychological Medicine, 37(8), 1183-1192.
    MacLeod, A. K., & Byrne, A. (1996). Anxiety, depression and the anticipation of future positive and negative experiences. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105(2), 286-289.
    MacLeod, A. K., Rose, G. S., & Williams, J. A. (1993). Components of hopelessness about the future in parasuicide. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 17(5), 441-455.
    MacLeod, A. K., & Salaminious, E. (2001). Reduced positive future-thinking in depression cognitive and affective factors. Cognition and Emotion, 15(1), 99-107.
    MacLeod, A. K., Tata, P., Tyrer, P., Schmidt, U., Davidson, K., & Thompson, S. (2005). Hopelessness and positive and negative future thinking in parasuicide. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 44(4), 495-504.
    McDonald, R. P., & Ho, M. R. (2002). Principle and practice in reporting structural equation analysis. Psychometrika, 58, 431-443.
    McGee, R., Williams, S., & Nada-Raja, S. (2001). Low self-esteem and hopelessness in childhood and suicidal ideation in early adulthood. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 29(4), 281-291.
    McLaughlin, J. A., Miller, P., & Warwick, H. (1996). Deliberate self-harm in adolescents: Hopelessness, depression, and problem-solving. Journal of Adolescence, 19(6), 523-532.
    Mineka, S., Watson, D., & Clark, L. A. (1998). Comorbidity of anxiety and unipolar mood disorders. Annual Review of Psychology, 49, 377-412.
    Muehlenkamp, J. J. (2005). Self-injurious behavior as a separate clinical syndrome. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 75(2), 324-333.
    Muehlenkamp, J. J., & Gutierrez, P. M. (2004). An investigation of differences between self-injurious behavior and suicide attempts in a sample of adolescents. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 34(1), 12-23.
    Muehlenkamp, J. J., & Gutierrze, P. M. (2007). Risk for suicide attempts among adolescents who engage in non-suicidal self-injury. Archives of suicide Research, 11(1), 69-82.
    Nixon, M. K., Cloutier, P. F., & Aggarwal, S. (2002). Affect regulation and addictive aspects of repetitive self-injury in hospitalized adolescents. Journal of American Academy Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41(11), 1333-1341.
    Nock, M. K., Holmberg, E. B., Photo, V. I., & Michel, B. D. (2007). Self-injurious thoughts and behaviors interview development, reliability, and validity in an adolescent sample. Psychological Assessment, 19(3), 309-317.
    Nock, M. K., Joiner, T. E., Gordon, K. H., Lloyd-Richardson, E., & Prinstein, M. J. (2006). Non-suicidal self-injury among adolescents: Diagnostic correlates and relation to suicide attempts. Psychiatry Research, 144(1), 65-72.
    Nock, M. K., & Kazdin, A. E. (2002). Examination of affective, cognitive, and behavioral factors and suicide-related outcomes in children and young adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31(1), 48-58.
    Nock, M. K., & Kessler, R. C. (2006). Prevalence of and risk factors for suicide attempts versus suicide gestures: Analysis of the National Comorbidity Survey. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115(3), 616-623.
    Nock, M. K., & Mendes, W. B. (2008). Physiological arousal, distress tolerance, and social problem-solving deficits among adolescent self-injurers. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(1), 28-38.
    Nock, M. K., & Prinstein, M. J. (2004). A functional approach to the assessment of self-mutilative behavior. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72(5), 885-890.
    Nock, M. K., & Prinstein, M. J. (2005). Contextual features and behavioral functions of self-mutilation among adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114(1), 140-146.
    O’Connor, R. C., Fraser, L., Whyte, M-C., MacHale, S., & Masterton, G. (2008). A comparison of specific positive future expectancies and global hopelessness as predictors of suicidal ideation in a prospective study of repeat self-harmers. Journal of Affective Disorder, 110(3), 207-214.
    Osuch, E. A., Noll, J. G., & Putnam, F. W. (1999). The motivations for self-injury in psychiatric inpatients. Psychiatry, 62(4), 334-346.
    Paivio, S., & McCulloch, C. (2004). Alexithymia as a mediator between childhood trauma and self-injurious behaviors. Child Abuse & Neglect, 28, 339-354.
    Reinherz, H. Z., Tanner, J. L., Berger, S. R., Beardslee, W. R., & Fitzmaurice, G. M. (2006). Adolescent suicidal ideation as predictive of psychopathology, suicidal behavior, and compromised functioning at age 30. American Journal of Psychiatry, 163(7), 1226-1232.
    Rodham, K., Hawton, K., & Evans, E. (2004). Reasons for deliberate self-harm comparison of self-poisoners and self-cutters in a community sample of adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 43(1), 80-87.
    Ross, S., & Heath, N. (2002). A study of the frequency of self-mutilation in a community sample of adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 31(1), 67-77.
    Ross, S., & Heath, N. L. (2003). Two models of adolescent self-mutilation. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 33(3), 277-287.
    Suyemoto, K. L. (1998). The functions of self-mutilation. Clinical Psychology Review, 18(5), 531-554.
    Toprak, S., Cetin, I., Guven, T., Can, G., & Demircan, C. (2011). Self-harm, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among college students. Psychiatry Research, 187, 140-144.
    Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(6), 1063-1070.
    Wetzel, R. D., Margulies, T., Davis, R., & Karam, E. (1980). Hopelessness, depression and suicide intent. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 41, 159-160.
    Whitlock, J., & Knox, K. L. (2007). The relationship between self-injurious behavior and suicide in young adult population. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 161(7), 634-640.
    Yate, T. M., Tracy, A. J., & Luthar, S. S. (2008). Nonsuicidal self-Injury: Among privileged youths longitudinal and cross-sectional approaches to development process. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(1), 52-62.
    Zahl, D. L., & Hawton, K. (2004). Repetition of deliberate self-harm and subsequent suicide risk: Long-term follow-up study of 11583 patients. British Journal of Psychiatry, 185, 70-75.
    Zoroglu, S. S., Tuzun, U., Sar, V., Tutkun, H., Savacs, H. A., Ozturk, M., et al. (2003). Suicide attempt and self-mutilation among Turkish high school students in relation with abuse, neglect and dissociation. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 57(1), 119-126.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    心理學研究所
    97752006
    100
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0097752006
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    200601.pdf1638KbAdobe PDF934View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback