|Abstract: ||國家智慧資本趨勢分析和結構資本、關係資本之理論應用 新的世紀，知識經濟和無形資產的概念已深入各國與各行各業之領導者。眾所周知，成功的關鍵因素已不再是土地、資金、廠房等有形的資產；創新、質優且忠誠的人員、有效的管理系統等已成為永續經營的要件。智慧資本的推廣始於北歐，近年來世界各地越來越多學者專家投入相關的研究，漸漸將組織層級的智慧資本概念，推展至區域、國家、乃至城市層級。原本被認為非管理主流的研究議題，也已經引起Academy of Management Association 主流學者之重視。 本計畫為總計畫「智慧資本之研究：管理議題探討」之「子計畫一」，此三年期計畫仍然延續個人上一期的研究。第一年持續延伸四十個國家之趨勢分析，同時增加探討國家智慧資本與國家文化之適配度對GDP之影響。預期之關係為人力資本、市場資本、流程資本、更新資本與人性導向、績效導向、體制導向、未來導向相對應。第二年起將進行組織層級之研究，擬根據2009年研究得出之結構資本蓄積理論模式，嚐試應用於實務上，檢驗其適用性。第三年則根據2010年研究得出之關係資本蓄積理論模式，嚐試應用於實務上，檢驗其適用性。期望經由第二、第三年深入之企業個案訪談、焦點團體討論、與文獻中個案分析之質性研究，調整並確認所提結構資本與關係資本之理論模型，以為後續研究之參考。|
National Intellectual Capital Trend Analysis, Structural Capital and Relational Capital Theory Applications In the new era, the value of knowledge economy and intangible assets has been well recognized by national and organizational leaders in every part of the world. Nowadays, the key success factors are no longer tangible lands, capitals, and properties; instead, innovation, committed and talented human resources, and effective management systems are the cores of lasting competitiveness. The concept of intellectual capital is originated at the Nordic countries and has been spread to the whole world with increasing research inputs. In addition, the scope of relevant research has been extended from organizational level to region, nation, and even to city levels. Furthermore, this first deemed peripheral research stream has caught the attention of some heavy weight researchers in the Academy of Management Association recently. This project is the “Sub-project #1” of the three-year integrated project of “Intellectual Capital Research: Management Perspective”, mainly targeting for extending my past research. In the first year, trend analysis of my 40-country national intellectual capital will be carried on. The impact of national intellectual capital and national culture alignment on GDP will be added this year. The proposed match is human, market, process, and renewal capital versus humane, performance, institutional, and future orientation. From the second year onward, the research will focus on organizational level studies. The second year research will try my 2009 Structural Capital Formation Model onto the real situations to see its applicability. The third year research will also try my 2010 Relational Capital Formation Model onto the real situations to see its applicability. Hopefully, through these two years’ case company interviews, focus group discussions, and published case analyses, my proposed structural capital and relational capital theory models can be refined and confirmed as a basis for future studies.