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    Title: 臺灣與中國大陸農地利用之比較研究---產權結構、制度變遷與規模經營之探討
    Other Titles: A Comparative Study on Agricultural Land Use between Taiwan and Mainland China
    Authors: 賴宗裕
    Contributors: 行政院國家科學委員會
    國立政治大學地政學系
    Keywords: 農地改革;財產權;制度變遷;農地利用
    agriculture land reform;property right;institutional change;agriculture land use
    Date: 99
    Issue Date: 2012-01-02 10:01:48 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 財產權的發展,具有將外部成本內部化,以及影響激勵機制與市場行為。臺灣第一次農地改革,亦是在此理論下積極推動農地改革。而第二次農地改革,制度變遷方向卻朝向放寬所有權的限制進行調整,以擴大生產規模。相較於中國大陸,第一次農地改革亦是積極推動私有化運動。而第二次農地改革,則朝向集體所有制方向進行調整。第三次農地改革則轉向將純粹的土地集體所有制變為土地集體所有、農民家庭承包的所有權與經營權分離的土地制度,以提高經營規模。故有關產權結構影響農地利用情形為何?在臺灣與中國大陸制度變遷過程中,是否可藉由比較分析方式解釋制度變遷方向的不同?這是本研究的主要研究課題。臺灣和中國大陸皆歷經農地改革,且目前皆以擴大經營規模為改革目標。由於現階段臺灣與中國大陸產權結構不同,因此擴大經營規模的方式亦有所不同。故本研究將以臺灣與中國大陸農地制度變遷為研究焦點,連結產權結構與規模經營的分析,可更深入地瞭解臺灣與中國大陸農地制度變遷的過程,檢視產權結構的影響情形,藉以提供擴大經營規模的方法。本研究以臺灣與中國大陸農地制度為基礎,基於財產權的觀點,連結制度變遷的分析,研究產權結構如何影響農民,改變農地利用態度及方式,進而影響農地利用情形。在方法上,則透過問卷調查及訪談法,獲得有關產權結構影響農民從事農地利用相關資料進行分析,以剖析制度變遷的原因及問題。本研究除了進行上述議題外,亦同時關注後續規模經營問題,並從一系列的分析結果中,進一步探究後續臺灣農地制度改革方向。研究結果,除了對後續臺灣農地制度改革方向提出具體建議外,亦對臺灣與中國大陸農地制度變遷,提供更多的認知面向,亦可瞭解產權結構影響農地利用的情形,並作為財產權理論相關研究之參考
    Property right has the functions of internalizing externalities and providing landowners the incentives to use their property well. Within this context, the first agriculture land reform in Taiwan was intended to change the structure of property right. However, the second one was to adjust restrictions of ownership. In mainland China, the first agriculture land reform was to promote privatization, but the second one was designed to control property by governments. This study aims at exploring the relationship between the structure of property right and agriculture land use. Through comparing the institutional changes between Taiwan and China, it will explain the difference and findings between them. Both Taiwan and China have experienced agriculture land reforms. In recent years, both agriculture land policies all tend to enhance economic scale of farmland operation. Due to the structure of property right in Taiwan and in China is different. Thus, based upon the viewpoint of the agriculture land institutional change of Taiwan and China, this study will investigate the process and influence of institutional change and the structure adjustment of property right so as to result in a better approach to enhance agriculture land scale. This study, based on the agriculture land institution of Taiwan and China and the analysis approach of property rights of institutional change, intends to investigate the difference of property structure and its influence. This study will employ questionnaire survey to investigate how farmers use their farms. In order to improve the institutional environment, it will also try to find the institutional problems in the process of change through interview. In addition, the questions of the furthering operation with economic scale result in changing the agriculture land institution are explored. The result of this study will provide further suggestions to the issues of agriculture land reform in Taiwan and in China. Moreover, the findings of institutional change of agriculture land reform, and the impact of restructuring property right on agriculture land use are provided for the reference of further study of property right theory
    Relation: 基礎研究
    學術補助
    研究期間:9908~ 10007
    研究經費:448仟元
    Source URI: http://grbsearch.stpi.narl.org.tw/GRB/result.jsp?id=1706287&plan_no=NSC99-2410-H004-219&plan_year=99&projkey=PF9907-7285&target=plan&highStr=*&check=0&pnchDesc=%E8%87%BA%E7%81%A3%E8%88%87%E4%B8%AD%E5%9C%8B%E5%A4%A7%E9%99%B8%E8%BE%B2%E5%9C%B0%E5%88%A9%E7%94%A8%E4%B9%8B%E6%AF%94%E8%BC%83%E7%A0%94%E7%A9%B6---%E7%94%A2%E6%AC%8A%E7%B5%90%E6%A7%8B%E3%80%81%E5%88%B6%E5%BA%A6%E8%AE%8A%E9%81%B7%E8%88%87%E8%A6%8F%E6%A8%A1%E7%B6%93%E7%87%9F%E4%B9%8B%E6%8E%A2%E8%A8%8E
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[地政學系] 國科會研究計畫

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