為慶祝中華民國建國一百週年，政治大學推動《中華民國發展史》撰寫計畫，邀請國內各領域學者，以紀事本末體的形式，說明中華民國建國一百年來的重大發展過程，並建立中華民國的主體史觀。中華民國建國以後，歷經外患與內亂，顛沛流離，最近六十年，中華民國在臺灣蓬勃發展，建立了屬於中華民國的經濟與政治奇蹟。「中華民國在地化」的轉型過程，正是《中華民國發展史》的論述重心。本計畫分為：百年學術發展、政治與法制、經濟發展、社會發展、文學與藝術、和文化發展等六大主軸，說明百年來的發展與建設，讓學者發聲，為臺灣定位，讓國人看見未來，也讓世界看見臺灣。 In order to commemorate the one-hundred anniversary of the foundation of the Republic of China, National Chengchi University sets up the “History of the Republic of China” writing project, and invites domestic scholars in all fields to illustrate the important developments over the past one hundred years in chronological style and to establish the history view of its subjectivity. Since the establishment of the Republic of China, it suffered from internal revolt and foreign aggression, got in destitution and displacement. In the last sixty years, the Republic of China vigorously develops in Taiwan and creates economic and political miracles. This transition process of the “localization of the Republic of China” is the crux of “History of the Republic of China” This project divides into six axes, including “Scholarship of the Past One Hundred Years,” “Political and Legal Systems,” “Economic Developments,” “Social Developments,” “Literature and Arts,” and “Cultural Developments.” It examines the developments and construction during the lst one hundred years and allows scholars to voice their opinions. It would further establish the position of Taiwan, make our people see the future of our country, and let the world see Taiwan.