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    政大機構典藏 > 文學院 > 哲學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/51271
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/51271


    Title: 展延心靈觀
    On the extended mind
    Authors: 唐孝儀
    Tang, Hsiao Yi
    Contributors: 林從一
    唐孝儀
    Tang, Hsiao Yi
    Keywords: 展延心靈觀
    外在論
    主動外在論
    動態系統
    同等原則
    鷹架理論
    the extended mind
    externalism
    active externalism
    dynamic system
    parity principle
    scaffolding theory
    Date: 2010
    Issue Date: 2011-10-05 14:35:53 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 心靈範圍在哪裡?以往我們討論心靈議題時,不外乎都是將心靈視為存在於體表之內的一種實體、一種器官或是一種功能,例如:靈魂、大腦、又或者是指包含大腦與所有在體表之內的神經系統。但是,Andy Clark與David Chalmers告訴我們在某些情況下,心靈是可以超越體表而存在的,心靈的界限不是我們的體表;這個立場被我們稱為「外在論」或是「展延心靈觀」。對照於Clark與Chalmers的立場,以往將體表視為心靈界限的立場就被統稱為「內在論」。
      本篇論文以Clark與Chalmers於1998年發表的文章“The Extended Mind”為主,透過介紹展延心靈觀的發展背景聚焦於展延心靈觀的主要論點,並且根據Frederick Adams與Kenneth Aizawa對展延心靈觀的批評及Clark、Richard Menary等人所提出的回應讓我們對於展延心靈觀有更深入的討論與理解。最後,由Clark與Chalmers所提到的「社會性的展延心靈(socially extended mind)」回到語言與心靈的討論,透過Clark曾多次在文章與著作中提到俄國語言及心理學家Lev Semenovich Vygotsky的語言理論,試圖連結Clark與Chalmers的主動外在論與Putnam和Burge的傳統外在論,並且進一步地思考展延心靈觀發展性。
    Reference: Adams, F. and Aizawa, K. (2007/2010) “Defending the Bounds of Cognition,” in M. Richard (ed.) The Extended Mind, MIT Press.
    Adams, F. and Aizawa, K. (2009) “Why the Mind Is Still in the Head,” in R. Philip and Murat Aydede (eds.) The Cambridge handbook of situated cognition, Cambridge Press.
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    Clark, A. (2010) “Coupling, Constitution, and the Cognitive Kind: A Reply to Adams and Aizawa,” in M. Richard (ed.) The Extended Mind, MIT Press.
    Clark, A. (2008) Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension, Oxford University Press
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    哲學研究所
    96154013
    99
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0096154013
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[哲學系] 學位論文

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