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    政大機構典藏 > 文學院 > 哲學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/51270
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/51270


    Title: 柏拉圖《哲人篇》中異之相研究
    On the idea of difference in Plato’s Sophist
    Authors: 連品婷
    Lien, Pin Ting
    Contributors: 彭文林
    Peng, Wen Lin
    連品婷
    Lien, Pin Ting
    Keywords: 異之相
    哲人篇
    巴門尼德斯篇
    分離問題
    通種論
    二分法
    Idea of difference
    Sophist
    Parmenides
    Problems of Chorismos
    Theory of communion of genera
    Dialectics
    Date: 2010
    Issue Date: 2011-10-05 14:35:52 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本論文以異作為分離相論的轉折這點為主軸,逐段解釋一些相關的段落來看異之相在晚期相論中的作用,主要涉及的對話錄是《哲人篇》與《巴門尼德斯篇》。
    本論文的架構是從《巴門尼德斯篇》第一部分開始,看分離相論所會導致的問題,再從第二部分的回應中看到分離以外,假定諸相相互結合作為另外一種可能,以及在第五組假設中所顯現的異之相所具有的存有學上的重要性。而通種論中最高種間彼此的關係、在《哲人篇》中所引入的二分法以及篇中所連帶解決的問題則在二到五章中呈現。並於第五章節總結了異在《哲人篇》及通種論中的地位及作用。首先是異在《哲人篇》中達到了指出有一種虛假的言說存在的目的;並且異的存在解釋了諸相的基本結構,最高種的劃分必也是依據這種基礎,它們必分有「是」而是,分有異而得以相區別,而諸種屬必相連結構成那諸多被區別出的種或類;回返至《哲人篇》前半部和最後一部分所使用的分解法,此方法亦是立基於通種論和異的結構上。通過一個整體的連結能夠有一個包含其下所有類的最高種,其得以作為一個劃分的起點,而類差作為劃分的依據也因同異的存在而是可能的。
    The aim of this thesis is to show how the idea of difference works in Plato’s late theory of Ideas, and it is chiefly concerned with Plato’s Parmenides and Sophist.

    The theme of the first part of Parmenides is what will be caused by Chorismos, and of the second part might show another possibility from the Chorismos, that is, the communion of genera. And then the fifth hypotheses of the second part of Parmenides might show the importance of the idea of difference in Plato’s late ontology.

    In Sophist, since the theory of communion of genera might solve the problem of Chorismos, and the idea of difference as one of the greatest genera of the communion of genera, which might be the most important one, I deal with it and the relations between the fives greatest genera. There are also the problems that be solved by the idea of difference in Sophist, and which brings a new method (dialectics) of Plato’s late dialogues, for defining all of them clearly, I analysis those concerned paragraphs.
    Reference: Cordero, Nestor-Luis. Le Sophiste. Paris: G-F Flammarion, 1993.
    Diès, Auguste, Oeuvres complètes. Tome VIII, 3e partie. Le Sophiste. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1925.
    Hartmann, Nicolai, Platos Logik des Seins. Berlin: W. de Gruyter, 1965.
    Heidegger, Martin, Plato's Sophist. Trans. by Richard Rojcewicz and André Schuwer. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997.
    Kahn Charles H.:“Retrospect on the verb ‘to be’and the Concept of Being”, in The Logic of Being, eds. S. Knuuttila and J. Hintikka, Dordrecht, Holland ; Boston : D. Reidel ; Hingham, MA, U.S.A. : Sold and distributed in the U.S.A. and Canada by Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1986.
    Klein, Jacob. Plato’s Trilogy: Theaetetus, the Sophist, and the Statesman. London: The University of Chicago Press, 1977.
    Krik, G. S., Raven, J. E., Schofield, Malcolm. The Presocratic philosophers, a critical history with a selection of texts. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1983.
    Mattéi, Jean-François. L'étranger et le simulacre. Paris: PUF, 1983.
    Natorp, Paul. Platos Ideenlehre: eine Einfuhrung in den Ieealismus. Leipzig: Felix Meiner, 1921.
    Otto Apelt, and Reiner Wiehl. Der Sophist. 2., durchgesehene Aufl. ed, Philosophische Bibliothek. Hamburg: F. Meiner, 1985.
    Plato, and Seth Benardete. Plato's Sophist. Chicago. London: University of Chicago Press, 1986.
    Plato, and William S. Cobb. Plato's Sophist. Savage, Md.: Rowan & Littlefield, 1990.
    Plato, and Harold North Fowler. Theaetetus ; Sophist. The Loeb Classical Library. Greek Authors. Cambridge, Mass.
    Plato. Plato's Theory of Knowledge : the Theaetetus and the Sophist of Plato / translated with a running commentary by Francis Macdonald Cornford. The Library of liberal arts, no. 100. London : Routldge & Kegan Paul Ltd.
    Plato. Werke in acht Bänden : griechisch und deutsch. Darmstadt : Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2001.
    Platon, Friedrich Schleiermacher, Otto F. Walter, Ernesto Grassi, Gert Plamböck, and Christian Iber. Sophistes. 1. Aufl. ed, . Frankfurt am Main [Germany]: Suhrkamp, 2007.
    Rijk, Lambertus Marie de. Plato's Sophist : A Philosophical Commentary. Verhandelingen Afdeling Letterkunde. Amsterdam ; New York: North Holland Pub., 1986.
    Sallis, John, Being and logos: reading the Platonic dialogues. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1966.
    Sayre,K.M. Plato’s Late Ontology, Princeton. Princeton University Press, 1983.
    Schleiermacher, Friedrich. Schleiermacher’s introductions to the Dialogues of Plato. tr. William Dobson, Bristol: Thoemmes Press, 1992.
    Silverman, Allan. The dialectic of essence: A study of Plato’s metaphysics. Princeton; Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2002.
    Stenzel, Julius. Plato’s method of dialectic, tr. And ed. by D.J. Allan, New York: Arno Press, 1973.
    Stewart, J.A. Plato’s doctrine of ideas. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1909.
    Taylor, A.E. Plato: The man and his work. New York: Meridian Book, 1956.
    Teloh, H. The Development of Plato’s Metaphysics. University Park; London: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1981.
    Turnbull, Robert G.. The Parmenides and Plato’s late philosophy. Toronto; Buffalo; London: University of Toronto Press, 1998.
    陳康:《巴曼尼得斯篇》,北京:商務印書館,1982。
    陳康:《論希臘哲學》。汪子嵩、王太慶編。北京:商務印書館,1982。
    彭文林,《倫理相與分離問題》,台中:明目文化事業,2002。
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    哲學研究所
    96154001
    99
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0096154001
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[哲學系] 學位論文

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