English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 11 |  Items with full text/Total items : 88613/118155 (75%)
Visitors : 23465366      Online Users : 388
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/50004


    Title: 關稅遊說與跨國廠商進入模式
    Lobbying for Tariff and the Optimal Entry Mode of the Multinational Firm
    Authors: 曾閏瑋
    Tseng, Jun-Wei
    Contributors: 王智賢
    Wang, Jue-Shyan

    曾閏瑋
    Tseng, Jun-Wei
    Keywords: 關稅
    遊說
    進入模式
    tariff
    lobbying
    entry mode
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-12-09 16:01:52 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 在全球化趨勢下,擁有較佳技術的跨國廠商開始以不同方式跨足海外市場,面對國際競爭,本國廠商亦會利用政治獻金干預政府的貿易決策。本文藉由政治獻金遊說模型討論跨國廠商、本國廠商與政府三方的互動關係。本國廠商一方面運用政治獻金遊說政府,政府一方面則在政治獻金與人民福祉的抉擇中做出決策,最後跨國廠商就在給定遊說的關稅水準之下,選擇對其最有利的方式進入國內市場。本文發現除了政府制訂的關稅水準、兩國廠商成本差異外,社會福利權數亦是影響跨國廠商進入模式的重要因素。不同的社會福利權數可以對應出不同的政府政策,而不同的政府政策亦會牽動跨國廠商進入模式的選擇。此時,政府必須要相當重視社會福利權數,則跨國廠商才會選擇使政府效用相對較大的進入模式。
    In the trend of globalization, the multinational firm with superior technologies intend to employ various strategies for entering the foreign markets. Confronting these international competitions, then the host country firm usually utilize the political contribution to sway the policy. In this paper, we examine the relationships among the multinational firm, host country firm, and the domestic government by the political contribution model. Going with the political contribution from the host country firm, the domestic government usually works out the policy by considering the tradeoff between political contribution and social welfare. Eventually, the multinational firm selects an optimal entry mode with a given tariff to enter the markets which determined by lobby. Our result demonstrates that besides the tariff and cost difference, the social welfare is also crucial to the choice of entry mode. Different social welfare weight brings out various policies which will influence the entry mode of multinational firm. Only when the domestic government takes social welfare seriously, the multinational firm will choose the entry mode which makes the government’s utility larger.
    Reference: 蔡宜臻、邱俊榮 (2009),「跨國廠商的進入模式-直接投資、出口與授權決策」,經濟論文,第 37 卷 1 期,1-26。
    Aidt, T. S. (1997) “Political Internalization of Economic Externalities and Environmental Policy,"Journal of Public Economics, 69, 1-16.
    Belderbos, R. and L. Sleuwaegen (1998), “Tariff Jumping FDI and Export Substitution: Japanese Electronic Firms in Europe,” International Journal of Industrial Organization, 16, 601-638.
    Buckley, P. J., Casson M. C., (1998). “Analyzing Foreign Market Entry Strategies: Extending the Internalization Approach,”Journal of International Business Studies, 29, 539-562.
    Dixit, A., (1984), “International Trade Policy for Oligopolistic Industries,” Economic Journal, 94, 1-16.
    Eicher, T. and J. W. Kang (2005), “Trade, Foreign Direct Investment or Acquisition: Optimal Entry Modes for Multinationals,” Journal of Development Economics, 77, 207-228.
    Ethier, W. J. (1986), “The Multinational Firm,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 80, 805-833.
    Fosfuri, A. (2000), “Patent Protection, Imitation and The Mode of Technology Transfer,”International Journal of Industrial Organization, 18, 1129-1149.
    Fosfuri, A., M. Motta and T. Ronde (2001), “Foreign Direct Investment and Spillovers through Workers’ Mobility,” Journal of Development Economics, 53, 205-222.
    Gawande, K., P. Krishna and M. J. Robbins (2004), "Foreign Lobbies and US Trade Policy", NBER Working Paper, No. 10205.
    Grossman, G. M. and E. Helpman (1994), “Protection for Sale,” American Economic Review, 84, 833-850.
    Harris, R. and N. Schmitt (2000), “Strategic Export Policy with Foreign Direct Investment and Import Substitution,” Journal of Development Economics, 62, 85-104.
    Horstmann, I. and J. R. Markusen (1987a), “Strategic Investment and the Development of Multinationals,” International Economic Review, 28, 109-121.
    Horstmann, I. and J. R. Markusen (1987b), “Licensing versus Direct Investment: A Modelof Internalization by the Multinational Enterprise,” Canadian Journal of Economics , 20,464-481.
    Horstmann, I. and J. R. Markusen (1992), “Endogenous Market Structures in International Trade,” Journal of International Economics, 10, 361-368.
    Kabiraj, T. and S. Marjit (2003), “Protecting Consumers through Protection: The Role of Tariff-Induced Technology Transfer,” European Economic Review, 47, 113-124.
    Konishi, H., K. Saggi and S. Weber (1999), “Endogenous Trade Policy under Foreign Direct Investment,” Journal of International Economics, 49, 289-308.
    Ludema, R. D. (2001), “Market Collusion and the Politics of Protection,” European Journal of Political Economy, 17(4), 817-833.
    Magee, C. (2002), “Endogenous Trade Policy and Lobby Formation:An Application to the Free-Rider Problem, "Journal of International Economics, 57, 449-471.
    Mitra, D. (2002), “Endogenous Political Organization and the Value of Trade Agreements, "Journal of International Economics, 57, 473-485.
    Motta, M. (1992), “Multinational Firms and the Tariff-Jumping Argument,” European Economic Review, 36, 1557-1571.
    Motta, M., J. F. Thisse and A. Cabrales (1997), “On the Persistence of Leadership and Leapfrogging in International Trade,” International Economic Review, 38, 809-824.
    Mukheriee, A. and P. Enrico (2006), “Tariffs, Licensing and Market Structure,” European Economic Review, 50, 1699–1707.
    Murakami, Y. (2005), “Are Multinational Enterprises more Productive: A Test of The Selection Hypothesis,” Journal of Asian Economics, 16, 327-339.
    Qiu, L. D. and Z. Tao (2001), “Export, Foreign Direct Investment, and Local Content Requirement,” Journal of Development Economics, 66, 101-125.
    Rob, R. and N. Vettas (2003), “Foreign Direct Investment and Exports with Growing Demand,” Review of Economic Studies , 69, 1-20.
    Rostoker, M. (1984), “A Survey of Corporate Licensing,” The Journal of Law and Technology, 24, 59–92.
    Rowthorn, R. E. (1992), “Intra-Industry Trade and Investment under Oligopoly: The Role of Market size,” Economic Journal, 102, 402-414.
    Saggi, K. (1996), “Entry into a Foreign Market: Foreign Direct Investment versus Licensing,” Review of International Economics, 4, 99-104.
    Saggi, K. (1999), “Foreign Direct Investment, Licensing, and Incentives for Innovation,” Review of international Economics, 7, 699-714.
    Smith, A. (1987), “Strategic Investment, Multinational Corporations and Trade Policy,” European Economic Review, 31, 89-96.
    Song, E. Y. (1996), “Voluntary Export Restraints and Strategic Technology Transfer,” Journal of International Economics, 40, 165-186.
    Stähler, F. (2006), “Market Entry and Foreign Direct Investment,” International Journal of Industrial Organization, 24, 335-347.
    Tang, M. J. and C. M. J. Yu (1990), “Foreign Market Entry: Production-Related Strategies,” Management Science, 36, 476-489.
    Taylor, C.T. and Z. A. Silberston (1973), The Economic Impact of The Patent System: A Study of The British Experience, Cambridge University Press.
    Teng, J. T., M. S. Chern and K. H. Kim (2001), “Entry Strategies for Multinational Enterprises and Host Countries,” European Journal of Operational Research, 133, 62-68.
    Vishwasrao, S. (2007), “Royalties vs. Fees: How Do Firms Pay for Foreign Technology?” International Journal of Industrial Organization, 25, 741-759.
    Wang, J. S., H. W. Koo and T. J. Chen (2006), “Resource Rivalry and Endogenous Lobby,” Japan and the World Economy, 18(4), 488-511.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    財政研究所
    97255015
    98
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0097255015
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[財政學系] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    501501.pdf985KbAdobe PDF717View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback