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    政大機構典藏 > 文學院 > 哲學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/49852
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/49852


    Title: 試析道德規範的生物性根源
    An Analysis of the biological source of morality
    Authors: 羅傳棋
    Contributors: 何信全
    羅傳棋
    Keywords: 倫理學
    演化倫理學
    自然選擇
    自然主義謬誤
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-12-09 10:56:17 (UTC+8)
    Abstract:   本論文試著從生物性的角度,提出倫理學可能的生物性根源。本論文首先以各種自然選擇理論,來分析人類的道德能力,也就是各種生物道德事實,是如何在自然選擇之下發展出來的。其中,第二章是以基因選擇的角度;第三章是以個體選擇的角度;第四章則是討論近親選擇、群體選擇以及如何從遺傳演化過渡到文化演化,也就是文化群體選擇理論的發展,等等,來論證道德事實的生物基礎。
      而以上述生物道德事實建立起來的道德理論,便是演化倫理學。以這種倫理學的角度來看,道德只是一種情感需求,為了穩定性而演化出來,就跟人體器官是一樣的。它不具有絕對性、不具有規範性、不具有普遍性。
      因此,為了在這樣的生物道德事實之上,建立起具有規範性的道德理論,就必須在應然範疇重建一套道德原則系統。這種具規範性的道德原則系統,是將道德事實歸納後的模仿,以及仿照自然選擇的運作方式,建立演化未來可能發展出可能道德觀。並以這種將整個演化倫理學分為實然和應然兩個無關但相仿的區域的方式,來試圖避開自然主義謬誤的問題。
    Reference: 英文資料
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    中文資料
    湯瑪斯.赫胥黎(Thomas Huxley)著,李學勇譯:《進化論與倫理的關係》。台北:文鶴出版,2001年。
    理查德.道金斯(Richard Dawkins)著,趙淑妙譯:《自私的基因》。台北:天下文化,2009年。
    愛德華.威爾森(E. O. Wilson)著,鄭清榮譯:《論人性》。台北:時報文化,2002年。
    羅伯.賴特(Robert Wright)著,林淑貞譯:《性、演化、達爾文》。台北:張老師文化,1997年。
    麥特.瑞德里(Matt Ridley)著,范昱峰譯:《德性源起》。台北:時報文化,2000年。
    Elliott Sober著,歐陽敏譯:《生物演化的哲學思維》。台北:韋伯文化,2000年。
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    哲學研究所
    96154006
    98
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0096154006
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[哲學系] 學位論文

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