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    Title: 創新作為:科研團隊的組織作為與知識創生
    Innovation organizing: how top-performing researcht eams organize for knowledge creation
    Authors: 歐素華
    Ou, Su Hua
    Contributors: 蕭瑞麟
    Hsiao, Ruey Lin
    Ou, Su Hua
    Keywords: 知識創生
    knowledge creation
    cross-boundary innovation
    organizational knowledgeability
    work practice
    scientific community
    Date: 2010
    Issue Date: 2010-12-08 01:53:29 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 當代文獻對知識創生的討論,多集中在知識的有效移轉與管理,較少由組織集體能力的養成觀點,進行探討。然而,隨著全球化與網際網路的興起,跨組織疆界的研發創新,已不能僅單純由知識有效移轉的角度觀察,而必須由分散式組織的管理,由社群實務的觀點,進行討論。尤其,跨領域科學家的專業社群,不但深富高度的知識涵量,更經常能因應環境的動態變化,產生突破性創新成就,而具有重要研究價值。本研究以台灣著名科學社群─「無線奈米生醫團隊」為調查田野,並由這個科學社群特殊的知識能力養成(organizational knowledgeability)著手,分析社群成員的工作脈絡,以掌握社群組織如何持續有效創生知識。
    Nowadays, product or service innovation often requires highly specialized experts to work closely, such as the design of computer server or performing a cardiovascular surgery. Studies of knowledge creation put more focus on knowledge management and knowledge transfer. However, we know relatively little about how distributed organizations, such as experts communities create knowledge. This study focuses on a top-performing scientific community—the Wireless Health Advanced Monitoring Bio-Diagnosis System (WHAM-BioS) in Taiwan. This team consists of leading scientists from nano-technology, bio-technology, information technology and network communications from different scientific disciplines. This study aims to examine their knowing practices of scientific invention. This research will contribute to theories on knowledge creation through the lens of practice. By analyzing the organizational knowledgeability, this paper suggests organizations reconsider the knowing of cross raining ( or learning by doing),sensitivity of users’ painpoints, brokering resources and participating in tier one academic communities as the collective capabilities of scientific community. These four elements as five organizing capabilities will contribute to the knowledge creation and community of practices literatures.
    壹、 緒論 4
    貳、文獻探討 9
    一、科研團隊的集體行動 12
    (一)科研機構 13
    (二)知識創生型組織 13
    (三)重量級團隊 15
    二、組織作為與知識創生 18
    (一)工作實務 18
    (二)組織作為 19
    (三)知識創生的支援體系 19
    (四)科學社群的知識創生 22
    三、研究缺口與推理架構 55
    參、研究方法 58
    一、方法論 58
    二、個案選擇考量 61
    三、資料收集方式 61
    (一)科學團隊的組織運作機制 65
    (二)創新產品之特殊作為 65
    四、資料分析 69
    (一)科研團隊的專業能力養成 69
    (二)對使用者創新需求的敏銳察覺 70
    (三)對知識中介的能力 71
    (四)經營國際學術社群的能力 72
    肆、個案背景 75
    一、團隊科學背景介紹 78
    二、核心技術發展歷程 80
    三、核心團隊計畫主持人背景介紹 85
    (一)凱斯神經實驗室 85
    (二)康乃爾次微米實驗室 91
    (三)IBM艾瑪登研發中心 95
    伍、研究發現 104
    組織作為一:科學專業基本功 104
    組織作為二:鍛鍊專家敏銳度 117
    組織作為三:磨鍊跨域中介能力 135
    組織作為四:經營專業學術社群 159
    伍、解讀集體能力 172
    陸、討論 176
    柒、結論 187
    參考文獻 188
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