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    Title: Taking Care of "Take": Frame and Constructions
    從語意架構和構造語法的觀點分析英語多義詞Take
    Authors: 李美芳
    Mei-fang F. Lee
    Contributors: 賴惠玲
    Huei-Ling Lai
    李美芳
    Mei-fang F. Lee
    Keywords: 多義詞
    構造語法
    語意架構
    認知語意學
    Polysemy
    Construction Grammar
    Frame Semantics
    Cognitive Semantics
    Windowing of Attention
    Date: 2002
    Issue Date: 2009-09-18 16:41:04 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 英語動詞take有許多不同的語意,而這些語意之間則存有密切的關聯性。藉著分析take的各種語意,可以讓我們更深入地瞭解多義詞現象。本論文藉助認知語言學派的語意架構理論和構造語法理論,深入分析了take出現在不同句法結構中所產生的不同語意及這些語意彼此之間的關聯性。研究結果發現︰當take出現在及物結構中(Caused-Affected Construction)時,透過語言使用者在觀點上不同的選擇(Windowing of Attention),會衍生出四個基本語意,分別為選擇、拿取、消耗、及狀態改變。此外,take可以與七類型的介詞片語共同表達出七種不同的語意功能。最後,take還可以與介詞組合成片語動詞,產生特殊的語意,為使動結構的邊緣衍生用法。
    The English verb take attests a wide range of meanings and provides rich resources for the exploration of polysemy. Attempting to examine how the various senses of take are related to one another, this thesis investigates the meaning relatedness under the framework of Frame Semantics, which postulates that a conceptual representation is required to fully capture verb semantics (Fillmore and Atkins 1992, 2000), and Construction Grammar, which holds that constructions found in language are the basic units of language and that verb semantics interacts with constructions, thus yielding different meanings (Goldberg 1995, Jackendoff 1997). A careful examination of data reveals that take derives a variety of senses both from its interaction with the semantics of other components in the constructions and from different windowings of take’s conceptual frame. When integrated with the Caused-Affected Construction, the take construction acquires the senses of choosing, grabbing, consuming, and changing. When integrated with the Caused-Motion Construction, the take construction is found to be prototypically followed by prepositional phrases exhibiting seven semantic functions.
    When occurring in less prototypical cases of the Caused-Motion Construction, the meaning of the take construction blends into the meaning of the preposition following right behind it.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    語言學研究所
    89555008
    91
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0089555008
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[語言學研究所] 學位論文

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