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    Title: 學校教育與累積社會資本之關係:以政大商學院為例
    Relationship between Education and Accumulation of Social Capital: A Case Study Based on Business School of National Cheng Chi University
    Authors: 王瑞聰
    Contributors: 許牧彥
    王瑞聰
    Keywords: 學校教育
    社會資本
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2009-09-18 09:27:28 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 學校教育對學生的幫助主要是提昇人力資本,以及傳遞具有學位的訊號等功能。本研究想了解在學生的眼中,學校是否也具有協助累積社會資本的功能。在本研究探討的社會資本的內涵,包括結構面(認識誰以及如何與之連結)以及關係面(與認識的人之間的關係強度)。本研究以問卷方式訪問政大商學院六十名學生,探討學生在學期間是否有累積社會資本的傾向,包括學生是否會期待在受教育的過程累積社會資本、學生是否會花很多時間與精力在受教育過程中累積社會資本、學生是否在受教育過程中累積了社會資本、學生是否同意認為在學校比在其他場合易於累積社會資本、有哪些因素會影響學生在學期間累積社會資本的傾向、以及學生在學校是以什麼樣的方式累積社會資本。以統計工具分析問卷後的資料顯示:學生的確期待在學期間累積社會資本、的確於在學期間花時間與精力累積社會資本以及的確於在學期間累積了社會資本。本研究獲得以下結論:在學生眼中,學校的確具有累積社會資本的功能。本研究並發現,學校相較於其他社交場合,對個人累積社會資本的幫助,主要傾向在關係面之強化而非在結構面之擴充。相較於EMBA與AMBA等有工作經驗的學生,無工作經驗的MBA學生對累積社會資本有相對較高的期待、耗時以及收穫。相較其他社交場合而言,在學校累積的社會資本的本質較為自然不做作,彼此有機會更深地了解與建立更深的關係。在學校累積社會資本的方式,主要是透過與他人分享自己的資源與資訊,以及積極參與課程指定的團隊報告與活動。
    As extensively documented in literature, the main functions of education are to increase students’ human capital and signal that one has the dgree. However, this study, based on students of the Business School of National Cheng Chi University, shows that education can also increase students’ social capital. This study includes both the structural and relational aspects;
    the former refers to persons with whom the students are to be connected and how, and the latter the intensity of the connection.
    Sixty copies of questionnaire were collected, concerning whether the students have tendency of accumulating social capital during their study in the university. They were analyzed according to the following items: (1) Do the students anticipate accumulating social capital? (2) Do they spend time or make efforts to accumulate social capital? (3) Do they think they have accumulated social capital during stay in the university? (4) Do they think the university is an easier place to accumulate social capital than others? (5) What are the factors affecting their tendency of accumulating social capital? (6) How do they accumulate social capital? The answers to the first four questions are all positive. It is therefore concluded that students do accumulate social capital in education and that the university is an easier place for this activity, because the activity is more natural there than other places. The social capital obtained at the university is much more relational than structural, because the university provides natural occasions for deeper understanding one another and thus establishing firmer relationship.
    Reference: 參考文獻
    中文文獻:
    黃富順(1980)成人的學習動機。高雄:復文。
    陳秀惠(2000)企業經理人就讀企業管理碩士在職進修專班動機與選擇行為之研究。國立台北大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
    葉志強(2004)企業高階經理人、企業競爭性資源與利害關係人網絡關係之研究。輔仁大學管理學研究所碩士論文。
    詹秀茹(2004)在職人員進修管理學院碩士在職專班(EMBA)學習動機與學習阻礙因素之研究。大葉大學工業關係學系碩士論文。
    外文文獻:
    Baker, W. E. (1990). "Market networks and corporate behavior." American Journal of Sociology 96: 589-625.

    Becker, G. S. (1993). Human Capital. Chicago and London, The University of Chicago Press.

    Bian, Y. (1997). "Bringing strong ties back in: Indirect ties, network bridges, and job searches in China." American Sociological Review 62(3): 366-385.

    Bourdieu, P. (1986). The forms of capital. Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education. Edited by J. G. Richardson. New York, Greenwood: 241-258.

    Burt, R. S. (2004). "Structure holes and good ideas." American Journal of Sociology 110(2): 349-99.

    Granovetter, M. S. (1973). "The strength of weak ties." The American Journal of Sociology 78(6): 1360-1380.

    Kerckhoff, A. C. (1976). "The status attainment process: Socialization or allocation?" Social Forces 55(2): 368-381.

    Lin, N. (1999). "Social networks and status attainment." Annual Review of Sociology 25: 467-487.

    Meyer, J. W. (1977). "The effects of education as an institution." The American Journal of Sociology 83(1): 55-77.

    Mincer, J. (1993). Studies in Human Capital. Aldershot, Hants, England ; Brookfield, Vt., E. Elgar.

    Nahapiet, J., and Ghoshal, S. (1998). "Social capital , intellectual capiatal, and the organizational advantage." Academy of Management Review 23(2): 242-266.

    Pallas, A. M. (2000). The effects of schooling on individual lives. Handbook of the Sociology of Education. Edited by M. T. Hallinan. New York, KLuwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

    Schultz, T. W. (1961). "Investment in human capital." The American Economic Review 51(1): 1-17.

    Spence, M. (1973). "Job market signaling." The Quarterly Journal of Economics 87(3): 355-374.

    Subramaniam, M., and Youndt, M. (2005). "The influence of intellectual capital on the types of innovative capabilities." Academy of Management Journal 48(3): 450-463.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    科技管理研究所
    93359001
    94
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0093359001
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[科技管理研究所] 學位論文

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