Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Mandarin Chinese Causative Continuum
Chang, Pi Chun
Her, One Soon
Chang, Pi Chun
|Issue Date: ||2009-09-17 16:25:49 (UTC+8)|
Derivational grammarians propose that causativity comes from the syntactic structures whereas lexicalists suggest it is incorporated within the formation of the lexicon. This thesis aims to investigate Mandarin lexical and periphrastic causatives to see if their causativity varies depending on the category of causative to which they are assigned. Three frameworks are adopted here to examine causatives from diverse perspective, directness, force-dynamics and transitivity. This combined framework is utilized to examine Mandarin lexical causatives and typical periphrastic causatives including 使shi, 令ling, 讓rang, 叫jiao1, and 教 jiao2 constructions. The results indicate that causativity forms a continuum in which the degree of the causativity of lexical causatives ranges from high to intermediate but that for periphrastic causatives ranges from intermediate to low. The variation in the degree of causativity proves that the derivational account is incorrect. Moreover, this study supports the lexicalist viewpoints that the causativity has variations because it is integrated in the lexical formation. In addition, more evidence, such as adverb placement and resultative compound formation, is provided to demonstrate that lexicalist accounts take the advantage of explaining the causativity. Finally, the variation of causativity has demonstrated that the shorter the forms are, the greater the degree of causativity is. This observation conforms to the principle of iconicity, and is encoded in humans’ cognition and the natural language.
|Reference: ||Alsina, Alex. 1992. On the argument structure of causatives. Linguistic Inquiry 23.4 517-555.|
Chang Li-li. 2006. The semantic development from causatives to passives in Chinese. Language and Linguistics 7.1. 139-174.
Chen, C.-Y. Doris. 1996. A nonmovement analysis of the rang construction in Chinese. Journal of National Taiwan Normal University 42: 297-316.
Cheng, L.-S. Lisa and C. T. James Huang. 1994. On the argument structure of resultative compounds. In Honor of William S-Y. Wang: Interdisciplinary studies on language and language change. eds. by Matthew Chen and Ovid Tzeng. 187-221. Taipei: Pyramid Press.
Chiang, Shu-mei. 2003. Force-dynamic manifestation of verbs of hitting, refraining, and urging in Hakka. Taipei: National Chengchi University MA Thesis.
Chung, Karen Steffen. 2006. Mandarin compound verbs. Taiwan Journal of Linguistics Monograph. Taipei: Crane Publishing.
Comrie, Bernard. 1981. Language universals and linguistic typology: Syntax and morphology. Chicago: University of Chicago.
Comrie, Bernard. 1976. The syntax of causative constructions: Cross-language similarities and divergences. Syntax and semantics vol.6, ed. by M. Shibatani, 261-312. New York: Academic Press.
Dowty, David R. 1991. Thematic proto-roles and argument selection. Language 67. 574-619.
Givón, T. 1985. Ergative morphology and transitivity gradients in Newari. Relational typology, ed. by F. Plank, 89-107. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Goldberg, Adele E. 1995. Constructions: A construction grammar approach to argument structure. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Haiman, Joh n. 1983. Iconic and economic Motivation. Language 59.4. 781-819.
Haiman, John. 1985. Natural syntax: Iconicity and erosion. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Her, One-Soon. 2004. Argument-function linking in resultatives. Concentric: Studies in Linguistics 30.2. 1-34.
Her, One-Soon. 2007. Argument-function mismatches in Mandarin resultatives: A lexical mapping account. Lingua 117. 221-246.
Hopper, Paul J., and Sandra A. Thompson. 1980. Transitivity in grammar and discourse. Language 56. 251-299.
Huang, James C.-T. 1988. Wo pao de kuai and Chinese Phrase Structure. Language 64.274-311.
Huang, Shuan-Fan. 1982. Mandarin Causatives. Papers in Chinese Syntax. 123-144. Taipei: Crane Publishing.
Jiang, Shao-yu 2003. Gei jiju, jiao jiju biao beidong de leiyuan—jiantan yufahua, leitui han gongneng kuozhan. (The origin of passive gei constructions and jiao constructions with grammaticalizaiton, analogy, and functional expansion.) Yufahua yu yufayianjio. ed. by Wu Fu-xiang and Hong Bo. 202-223. Beijing: The Commercial Press.
Kalinina, Elena, Dmitriy Kolomatsky, and Alexandra Sudobina. 2006. Transitivity increase markers interacting with verb semantics. Case, valency and transitivity, eds. by Leonid Kulikov, Andrej Malchukov and Peter de Swart, 441-463. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Levin, Beth and Malka Rappaport Havov. 1994. A preliminary analysis of Causative verbs in English. Lingua 92. 35-77.
Li N. Charles and Sandra A. Thompson. 1976 Development of the causative in Mandarin Chinese: Interaction of diachronic processes in syntax. Syntax and Semantics vol.6. ed. by M. Shibatani, 477-492. New York: Academic Press.
Li, Yafei. 1995. The thematic hierarchy and causativity. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 13. 255-282.
Liang, Xiao-bo and Sun Ya. 2003. A cognitive perspective on the study of causatives. Journal of Foreign Languages 140. 38-45.
Lien, Chin-fa. 1999. A typological study of causatives in Taiwanese Southern Min. The Tsing Hua Journal of Chinese Studies 29. 395-422.
Lien, Chin-fa. 2003. Coding causatives and putatives in a diachronic perspective. Taiwan Journal of Linguistics 1.1 1-28.
Malchukov, Andrej. 2006. Transitivity parameters and transitivity alternations: Constraining co-variation. Case, valency and transitivity, eds. by Leonid Kulikov, Andrej Malchukov and Peter de Swart, 329-357. Amsterdam:John Benjamins.
Shibatani, Masayoshi. 1976. The grammar of causative constructions: A conspectus. Syntax and Semantics vol.6, ed. by M. Shibatani, 1-40. New York: Academic Press.
Shibatani, Masayoshi, and Prashant Pardeshi. 2001. The causative continuum. The grammar of causation and interpersonal manipulation, ed. by M. Shibatani, 85-126. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Song, Jae Jung. 1996. Causatives and causation: A universal-typological perspective. New York: Longman.
Teng, Shou-hsin. 1981. A semantic study of transitivity relations in Chinese. Taipei: Student Book.
Tai, James H-Y. 1993. Iconicity: motivations in Chinese grammar. Principles and Prediction: The Analysis of Natural Language, eds. by Mushira Eid and Gregory Iverson, 153-173. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Talmy, Leonard. 2000. Toward a Cognitive Semantics Vol. 1. Mass: MIT Press.
Teng, Shou-hsin. 1989. The semantics of causatives in Chinese. Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers Association. Monograph vol.1.227-244
Xu, Dan. 2003. Shi jiju de yianbian—jiantan shi jiju de yufahua. (The development of the Shi construction with the grammaticalization of shi.) Yufahua yu yufayianjio. ed. by Wu Fu-xiang and Hong bo. 224-238. Beijing: The Commercial Press.
Wang, Ling-ling and He Yuan-jian. 2002. Hanyu dongjie jiegao. ‘VR constructions in Mandarin’ Hangzhou: Zhejiang Education Publishing.
Wolff, Phillip. 2003.Direct causation in the linguistic coding and individuation of causal events. Cognition 88. 1-48.
Zhang, Mei-lan. 2006. Causative verb, related syntactical and semantic structure in modern Chinese. Journal of Tsinghua University (Philosophy and Social Sciences) 21.2. 96-105.
|Source URI: ||http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0093555016|
|Data Type: ||thesis|
|Appears in Collections:||[語言學研究所] 學位論文|
All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.