Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
China’s soft power strategy towards Taiwan
PRC unification strategies
Taiwan public opinion on PRC’s cross-Strait policies
|Issue Date: ||2009-09-14 13:56:48 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||Since the beginning of this century China has been expanding its influence in the South-East Asia region and beyond. It has introduced a new term to describe its pre-superpower status - a “peaceful development”. The PRC has been creating a new country brand for its legitimacy as a rising power - it underlines that it doesn’t want to interfere in any country’s internal matters, and relationship with China is mutually beneficial to all, who choose to cooperate with it. The brand-creation process reached its peak during the recent Olympic Games held in Beijing in August 2008. China showed its rich history and tradition, connected with high level of governmental and individual entrepreneurship, which has brought it to the position of the fastest growing economy in the world. The same brand creation strategy, as in the case of international strategy, has been used towards the Taiwanese in order to fulfill the big dream of “One China”- to reach the strategic goal of unification. Taiwan Strait has been considered as one of the potential trouble spots in the rivalry between the current (USA) and coming (PRC) superpowers. For this reason, researchers, political advisers and decision-makers need to keep a close eye on the events in the Strait. Currently the Taiwan – China relations seem to experience a détente, but as Taiwan is a democratic country and there are other than KMT players on the domestic political arena, next president might change his perspective and lead the Formosa to the collision course with the PRC and the PLA. Therefore the matters regarding bilateral relations of the ROC and the PRC need to be handled with a particular care in order not to cause an unnecessary military confrontation, most likely even the nuclear one. The general interest of this paper is to assess the influence of the rising interdependence between Taiwan and China on the Taiwanese people, and try to predict the future of Taiwan and the development of its relationship with the PRC. That is why this study wants to empirically examine China’s means to achieve its most wanted goal - incorporation (integration) of Taiwan and obtaining territorial integrity of the “Greater China” area.|
|Reference: ||Anderson, Benedict, Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. Verso, London 1999.|
Barber, Bejamin R., Dżihad kontra McŚwiat. (Polish translation: Jihad vs. McWorld) Muza SA, Warszawa 2004.
BBC News, http://news.bbc.co.uk
Bieniek, Aleksandra, “Taiwanese IT companies relocating to China and its influence on Taiwan’s economic development”, Unpublished Manuscript (June, 2008).
------------, “Why is there a need for stabilization in cross-Strait relations? An international production networks approach”, Unpublished Manuscript (January, 2009).
------------ et al., “Taishang & Taiwan: Taiwanese companies relocating to china and its influence on Taiwan’s economic development”, Unpublished Manuscript, NCCU (January, 2009).
Blanchard, Jean-Marc F., Ripsman Norrin M., “A Political Theory of Economic Statecraft”, Foreign Policy Analysis 4: 4 (October, 2008), pp. 371-398.
Boniface, Pascal, Atlas wojen XX wieku, Bellona, Editions Michel Lafon, 1999 (Atlas des relations internationales, Polish edition).
Cabestan, Jean-Pierre, “Taiwan in 1999: A difficult year for the Island and the Kuomintang,” Asian Survey 40: 1 (January/ February, 2000), pp. 172 – 180.
------------, “Taiwan’s Political Development and US-China Relations”, Paper presented at a conference Taiwan Relations Act Entering Its 30th Anniversary: Continuities, Changes, and Challenges, Institute of European and American Studies, Academia Sinica, Taipei, March 27-28, 2009.
Chan, Gerald, “From the ‘Olympic Formula’ to the Beijing Games: Towards Greater Integration across the Taiwan Strait,” Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Volume 15: 1 (1 April 2002), pp. 141-48.
Yuan, I (ed.), Is there a Greater China Identity? Institute of International Relations, National Chengchi University, Taipei 2007.
Yun, Seong-Hun, Kim, Jeong-Nam, “Soft power: From ethnic attraction to national attraction in sociological globalism,” International Journal of Intercultural Relations 32 (2008), pp. 565-577.
Zhao, Quansheng, “Challenges to Beijing in Cross-strait Relations Military Preparation vs. Economic Integration,” Paper Prepared for the International Conference Challenges to China’s Peaceful Development, The Institute for National Policy Research and the Mainland Affairs Council, Taipei (September 10-11, 2005).
Zhao, Suisheng, (ed.), Across the Taiwan Strait: Mainland China, Taiwan, and the 1995-1996 Crisis, Routledge, New York & London 1999.
Chan, Steve, “The Politics of Economic Exchange: Carrots and Sticks in Taiwan-China-U.S. Relations,” Issues & Studies 42: 2 (June 2006), pp. 1-22.
Chao, Chien-min, “Will Economic Integration between Mainland China and Taiwan Lead to a Congenial Political Culture”? Asian Survey 43: 2 (March/April 2003), pp. 280-304.
Cheng, Tun-jen, Delisle, Jacques, Brown, Deborah, China Under Hu Jintao: Opportunities, Dangers, and Dilemmas, World Scientific, Singapore 2006.
Cheow, Eric Teo Chu, “President Hu’s Visit to the U.S.: The Taiwan Stake”, Glocom Platform, April 21, 2006, http://www.glocom.org/debates/20060421_cheow_president/index.html.
China Post, http://www.chinapost.com.tw/
Cho, Young Nam, Jeong, Jong Ho, “China’s Soft power: Discussions, Resources and Prospects”, Asian Survey 48:3 (June, 2008), pp. 453-472.
Chu, Yun-han, “Power Transition and the Making of Beijing’s Policy towards Taiwan”, The China Quarterly 176 (December 2003), pp. 960-80.
Clausewitz, Hans von, On War, J.J. Graham (transl.), Barns & Noble, New York 2004.
Deng, Ping, “Taiwan’s Restriction of Investment in China in the 1990s: A Relative Gains Approach”, Asian Survey 40: 6 (November/ December, 2000), pp. 958-980.
Deng, Yong, Wang, Fei-Ling (ed.), China rising: power and motivation in Chinese foreign policy, Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham (MD) 2005.
Dent, Christopher M., “Being Pulled into China’s Orbit? Navigating Taiwan’s Foreign Economic Policy”, Issues & Studies 37: 5 (September/October 2001), pp. 1-34.
Election Study Center, National Chengchi University, http://esc.nccu.edu.tw/eng/data/data03.htm.
Fung, Hung Gay, Zhang, Kevin H. (ed.), Financial Markets and FDI in Greater China. M.E. Sharpe, Armonk (NY), London (UK) 2002.
------------, “An Assessment of the Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement Between China and Hong Kong”, The Chinese Economy 40:2 (March-April, 2007), pp. 36-50.
Gillis, John R. (ed.), Commemorations: The Politics of National Identity, Princeton University Press, Princeton (NY) 1994.
Goldstein, Steven M., “The Taiwan Strait: A Continuing Status Quo of Deadlock”? Cambridge Review of International Affairs 15: 1 (April 2002), pp. 85-94.
Hao, Zhidong, “Obstacles to Integration: What Would it Take to Reconcile People on The Two Sides of the Taiwan Strait”? Issues & Studies 42: 1 (March 2006), pp. 47-80.
Hickley, Dennis, “Beijing’s Evolving Policy toward Taipei: Engagement or Entrapment”?, Paper presented at the 38th Annual Sino-American Conference, Institute for International Relations, National Chengchi University, Taipei, August 26-27, 2008.
Hirschman Albert, National Power and the Structure of Foreign Trade, University of California Press, Berkeley (CA) 1980.
Hong, Tsai-Lung (Honingman), “East Asian Economic Integration and Taiwan’s FTA Strategies”, Paper presented on the 1st Taiwan-East Asia Conference on Free Trade Agreement, National Chengchi University, October 11-12, 2008.
Hsieh, John Fuh-Sheng, “How Far Can Taiwan Go”? Cambridge Review of International Affairs 15: 1 (1 April 2002), pp. 105-13.
Huang, Yanzhong. “The Dragon's Underbelly: An Assessment of China's Soft power,” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association, Honolulu, March 05, 2005.
Hufbauer, Gary Clyde “Trade as Weapon”, Paper for the Fred J. Hansen Institute for World Peace, World Peace Week, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, April 12-18, 1999, http://www.iie.com/publications/papers/paper.cfm?ResearchID=342
International Crisis Group Asia Report N°55: “Taiwan Strait III: The Chance of Peace” (June 6, 2003), http://merln.ndu.edu/archive/icg/chinachanceofpeace.pdf.
International Herald Tribune, http://www.iht.com/
Kagan, Robert, Of Paradise and Power: America and Europe in the New World Order, Knopf Publishers, New York 2003.
Kahler, Miles, “Economic security in an era of globalization. Definition and provision”, The Pacific Review 17:4 (2004), pp. 23-40.
Kan, Shirley A., “China/Taiwan: Evolution of the “One China” Policy — Key Statements from Washington, Beijing, and Taipei,” CSR Report for Congress (June 1, 2004), http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL30341.pdf.
Kastner Scott L., “If trade follows the flag, why does commerce flourish across the Taiwan Strait”? Unpublished Manuscript, http://www.bsos.umd.edu/gvpt/kastner/KastnerTaiwanCommerceNov04.pdf.
------------, Rector, Chad, “National Unification and Mistrust: Bargaining Power and the Prospects for a PRC/Taiwan Agreement”, Security Studies 17: 1 (January, 2008), pp. 39-71.
Keohane, Robert & Nye, Joseph S. Jr., Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition, Little, Brown and Co., Boston 2002.
Keng, Shu, Chen, Lu-Huei, Huang, Kuan-Po, “Sense, Sensitivity, and Sophistication in Shaping the Future of Cross-Strait Relations”, Issues & Studies 42: 4 (December 2006), pp. 23-66.
------------. “Bidding for Taiwanese Hearts? The Consequences of Hu Jintao’s “New Thinking” for Cross-Strait Relations”, Unpublished Manuscript, National Chengchi University, 2007.
Keum, Hieyeon & Campbell, Joel R., “Devouring Dragon and Escaping Tiger: China’s Unification Policy vs. Taiwan’s Quasi-Independence as a Problem of International Relations,” East Asia 19: 1-2 (Spring/Summer 2001), pp. 58-94.
Kuan, Eugene Hung-chang, “Domestic Politics of Foreign Policy: Explaining the Formulation of Taiwan’s “Participate in the U.N.” Policy”, Issues & Studies 42: 1 (March, 2006), pp. 137-162.
Kuhn, Robert Lawrence, The Man who Changed China: The Life and Legacy of Jiang Zemin, Crown Publishers, New York 2005.
Kurlantzik, Joshua, “China’s Charm: Implications of Chinese Soft power,” Policy Brief No. 47, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (June, 2006), http://www.carnegieendowment.org/files/PB_47_FINAL.pdf.
------------. Charm Offensive: How China’s Soft power is Transforming the World, Yale University Press, New Heaven, London 2007.
Lampton, David M., The Three Faces of Chinese Power: Might, Money, and Minds, University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, London 2008.
Lee, Wei-chin, “Taiwan’s Cultural Reconstruction Movement: Identity Politics and Collective Action since 2000,” Issues & Studies 41: 1 (March 2005), pp. 1-51.
Li, Mingjiang, “Soft power in Chinese Discourse: Popularity and Prospect,” RSIS Working Papers No. 156 (September 1, 2008), http://www.rsis.edu.sg/publications/WorkingPapers/WP165.pdf.
Li, Yihu, “New Strategies of the Fourth Generation Leadership of the Communist Party of China Towards Taiwan,” China and World Affairs 2: 2 (July 2006), http://www.ccwe.org.cn/ccweold/journal/3/25.pdf.
Lin, Chong-Pin, “More Carrot Than Stick: Beijing’s Emerging Taiwan Policy,” China Security 4: 1 (Winter 2008), pp. 1-27.
Lin, Cheng-yi, Lin, Wen-cheng, “A status quo with Different Interpretations: Taiwan, China, the US and Security in the Taiwan Strait,” Paper presented at a conference Taiwan Relations Act Entering Its 30th Anniversary: Continuities, Changes, and Challenges, Institute of European and American Studies, Academia Sinica, Taipei, March 27-28, 2009.
Lin, Chu-chia, “Development of the China-Hong Kong CEPA and Its Impact on Taiwan,” Taiwan Development Perspectives 2005.
Liu, Guoli, “Domestic sources of China’s emerging Grand Strategy,” Journal of Asian and African Studies 43: 5 (2008), pp. 543-561.
Lo, Wai-Chung, Ng, Michael, “A Step Forward to Regionalism. China’s Preferential Trade Agreements with Hong Kong,” The Chinese Economy 40: 2 (March-April, 2007), pp. 51-69.
Long, William J., “Economic Incentives and International Cooperation: Technology Transfer to the People's Republic of China, 1978-86,” Journal of Peace Research 28: 2 (May 1991), pp. 175-189.
Lum, Thomas, Morrison, Wayne M. and Vaughn, Bruce, “China’s “Soft power” in Southeast Asia,” CRS Report for Congress (January 4, 2008), http://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL34310.pdf.
Mainland Affairs Council, Executive Yuan, http://www.mac.gov.tw/english/
Mastanduno, Michael, “Economic Engagement Strategies: Theory and Practice,” Paper prepared for Interdependence and Conflict (2001), http://polisci.osu.edu/faculty/bpollins/book/Mastanduno.pdf
Mearsheimer, John J., “Why We Will Soon Miss The Cold War”? The Atlantic Monthly (August, 1990), http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/foreign/mearsh.htm
Mich, Hsin-Huang, et. al., Rise of China: Beijing's Strategies and Implications for the Asia-Pacific, London: Taylor & Francis, 2009.
Ministry of the Economy Statistics, http://2k3dmz2.moea.gov.tw/GNWEB/english/indicators/e_indicators.aspx?menu=2
Morgenthau, Hans J., Thompson Kenneth W., Politics Among Nations. The Struggle for Power and Peace, Alfred A. Knopf, New York 19856.
Nye, Joseph S. Jr., Soft power: The Means to Success in World Politics (Polish Edition), Wydawnictwa Akademickie I Profesjonalne, Warszawa 2007.
------------.“The Rise of China's Soft power”, The Wall Street Journal Asia (December 29, 2005), http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/1499/rise_of_chinas_soft_power.html.
------------. “The Challenge of China” in Stephen van Evera (ed.), How to Make America Safe: New Policies for National Security, The Tobin Project Cambridge (MA) 2006, pp. 73-77.
------------. “The Olympics and Chinese Soft power,” The Huffington Post (August 24, 2008), http://www.huffingtonpost.com/joseph-nye/the-olympics-and-chinese_b_120909.html.
People’s Daily Online, http://english.people.com.cn/
Roy, Denny, “The "China Threat" Issue: Major Arguments,” Asian Survey 36: 8 (August, 1996), pp. 758-771.
Sheng, Lijun, “The Taiwan Issue: Does China Have a Strategy”? Cambridge Review of International Affairs 15: 1 (1 April 2002), pp. 123-29.
Shi, Yinhong, “The Evolution of China’s Strategic Approach to the Taiwan Problem: 2000 to the Present,” Paper presented at the Conference of The European Institute of Asian Studies Taiwan-China Cross-Straits Relations: Outlook for Regional Security in East Asia, Paris (23-25 November 2004), http://www.eias.org/conferences/chinatwstraits251104/yinhongparis.pdf.
Shirk, Susan L., China: Fragile Superpower, Oxford University Press, New York 2008.
Sutter, Robert G., China's Rise in Asia: Promises and Perils, Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham (MD) 2005.
Taipei Times, http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/
Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council, http://www.gwytb.gov.cn:8088/
Tang, Shaocheng, “New trends in the cross-Strait relations between China and Taiwan,” Asia Europe Journal 4: 4 (December 2006), pp. 555-562.
Tanner, Murray Scot, Chinese economic coercion against Taiwan : a tricky weapon to use, RAND Corporation, Santa Monica 2007.
Tian, John Q., Government, Business, and the Politics of Interdependence and Conflict across the Taiwan Strait, Palgrave/Macmillan, New York 2006.
Tien, Hung-mao, Chu, Yun-han, China under Jiang Zemin, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder, London 2000.
Trakman, Leon E., “The proliferation of free trade agreements: bane or beauty”? Journal of World Trade 42: 2 (April, 2008), pp. 367-388.
Tsebelis, George, “Are Sanctions Effective? A Game-Theoretic Analysis.” The Journal of Conflict Resolution 34: 1 (March, 1990), pp. 3-28.
Tucker, Nancy (ed.) Dangerous Strait: the US-Taiwan-China crisis. Columbia University Press, New York 2005.
Tung, Chen-Yuan, “China's Economic Leverage and Taiwan's Security Concerns with Respect to Cross-Strait Economic Relations,” Doctoral Disseration, 2002, http://www3.nccu.edu.tw/%7Ectung/Dissertation.html.
------------, “An Assessment of China's Taiwan Policy under the Third Generation Leadership,” Asian Survey 45: 3 (May/ June, 2005), pp. 343-361.
Wachman, Alan, Why Taiwan?: Geostrategic Rationales for China's Territorial Integrity, Stanford University Press, Palo Alto (CA) 2007.
Wang, Hongying, Lu, Yeh-Chung, “The Conception of Soft power and its Policy Implications: a comparative study of China and Taiwan,” Journal of Contemporary China 17: 56 (August, 2008), pp. 425-447.
Wang, T. Y., “Taiwan’s National Identity and Relations with China: A Longitudinal Analysis of Survey Data,” 5th Europe Northeast Asia Forum, The Taiwan Strait and Northeast Asian Security, Berlin (December 15-17, 2005), Stiftung Wissenchaft und Politik (SWP), http://www.swp-berlin.org/common/get_document.php?asset_id=2707.
------------, Liu, I-chou, “Contending Identities in Taiwan: Implications for Cross-Strait Relations,” Asian Survey 44: 4 (July/August 2004), pp. 568–590.
------------, “The Rise of China and Its Emerging Grand Strategy,” Journal of Asian and African Studies 43: 5 (October, 2008), pp. 491-496.
The Washington Post, http://www.washingtonpost.com/
Wong, Seanon S., “Economic Statecraft Across the Strait: Business Influence In Taiwan’s Mainland Policy,” Asian Perspective 29:2 (2005), pp. 41-72.
Wu, Chung-li, Hsiao, Cheng-tai, “Empowerment Theory and Ethnic Politics in Taiwan,” Issues & Studies 42: 1 (March 2006), pp. 103-136.
Wu, Yu-Shan, “From Romantic Triangle to Marriage? Washington-Beijing-Taipei Relations in Historical Comparison,” Issues & Studies 41: 1 (March 2005), pp. 113-159.
Wuthnow, Joel, “The Concept of Soft power in China’s Strategic Discourse,” Issues & Studies 44: 2 (June 2008), pp. 1-28.
------------. “The Integration of Cooptation and Coercion: China's Taiwan Strategy since 2001,” East Asia 23: 3 (Fall 2006), pp. 22-45.
Ying, Yang, “China's Soft power and Its National Image,” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association, Chicago (IL) (February 28, 2007).
|Source URI: ||http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0096924022|
|Data Type: ||thesis|
|Appears in Collections:||[台灣研究英語碩士學程(IMTS)] 學位論文|
Files in This Item:
All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.