Swenson, R. 1989. Emergent attractor and the law of maximum entropy production: Foundations to a theory of general evolution. Systems Research, 6(3): 187-197.
Tapscott, D., Ticoll, D., & Lowy. A. 2000. Digital capital: Harnessing the power of business webs. Boston, Mass.: Harvard Business School Press.
Timmers, P. 1998. Business models for electronic markets. Journal of Electronic Markets, 8(2): 3-8.
Timmons, J. A. 1999. New venture creation: Entrepreneurship for the 21th century. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.
Tolbert, P. S., & Zucker, L. G. 1996. The institutionalization of institutional theory. In S. R. Clegg, Hardy, C. & Nord, W. R. (Eds.), Handbook of Organization Studies: 175-190. London: Sage Publications.
Amit, R., & Schoemaker, P. J. H. 1993. Strategic assets and organizational rent. Strategic Management Journal, 14: 33-46.
Tuchman, M. L. & Anderson, P. 1986. Technological discontinuities and organizational environments. Administrative Science Quarterly, 31: 439-465.
Tucker, D. J., Singh, J. V., & Meinhard, A. G. 1990. Organizational form, population dynamics, and institutional change: The founding patterns of voluntary organizations, Academy of Management Journal, 33: 151-178.
Uzzi, B., & Gillespie, J. J. 2002. Knowledge spillover in corporate financing networks: Embeddedness and the firm's debt performance. Strategic Management Journal, 23: 595-618.
Gillham, B. 2000. Case study research methods. New York: Continuum.
Mahadevan, B. 2000. Business models for internet-based e-commerce: An anatomy. California Management Review, 42(4): 55-69.
Van de Ven, A. H., & Garud, R. 1989. A framework for understanding the emergence of new industries. Research on Technological Innovation, Management and Policy, 4: 195-225.
Van de Ven, A. H., & Engleman, R. M. 2004. Event- and outcome-driven explanations of entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 19: 343-358.
Van Maanen, J., Dabbs, J., M., Jr., & Faulkner, R., R. 1982. Varieties of qualitative research. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.
van Reil, C. B., & Balmer, J. M. T. 1997. Corporate identity: The concept, its measurement, and management. European Journal of Marketing, 31: 341-355.
Voelpel, S. C., Leibold, M., & Tekie, E. B. 2003 The wheel of business model reinvention: How to reshape your business model and organizational fitness to leapfrog competitors. IIR Working paper, Hitotsubashi University.
von Bertalanffy, L. 1968. General system theory: Foundations, development, and applications. New York : G. Braziller.
Waldrop, M. M. 1992. Complexity: The emerging science at the edge of order and chaos. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Amit, R., & Zott, C. 2001. Value creation in e-business. Strategic Management Journal, 22: 493-520.
Wasserman, S., & Faust, K. 1994. Social network analysis: Methods and applications. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Weick, K. E. 1979. The social psychology of organizing. New York: Random House.
Magretta, J. 2002a. Why business model matter. Harvard Business Review, 80(5): 86-92.
Gioia, D. A., & Thomas, J. B. 1996. Image, identity and issue interpretation: Sensemaking during strategic change in academia. Administrative Science Quarterly, 41: 370-403.
Weick, K. E. 1995. Sensemaking in organizations, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Wellman, B., Wong, R., Tindall, D., & Nazer, N. 1997. A decade of network change: Turnover, persistence and stability in personal communities. Social Networks, 19: 27-50.
Wheatley, M. J. 1992. Leadership and the new science: Learning about organization from an orderly universe. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
Wheatley, M. J., & Kellner-Rogers, M. 1996. Self-organization: The irresistible future of organizing. Strategy & Leadership, 24(4): 18-24.
Whetten, D. A., Lewis, D., & Mischel, L. J. 1992. Towards an integrated model of organizational identity and member commitment. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Las Vegas.
White, H. C. 1992. Identity and control. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Williamson, O. E. 1979. Transaction-cost economics: The governance of contractual relations. Journal of Law and Economics, 22(2): 233-261.
Yin, R. K. 1994. Case study research: Design and methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Anderson, J. C., HÃ¥kansson, H., & Johanson, J. 1994. Dyadic business relationships within a business network context. Journal of Marketing, 58(4): 1-15.
Magretta, J. 2002b. What management is? How it works and why itâs everyoneâs business. New York: Free Press.
Zahra, S. 1991. Predictors and financial outcomes of corporate entrepreneurship: An exploratory study. Journal of Business Venturing, 6: 259-285.
Zahra, S. 1993. Environment, corporate entrepreneurship and financial performance: A taxonomic approach. Journal of Business Venturing, 8: 319-340.
Zilber, T. B. 2002. Institutionalization as an interplay between actions, meanings, and actors: The case of a rape crisis center in Israel. Academy of Management Journal, 45: 234-254.
Zott, C., & Amit, R. 2003. Business model design and the performance of entrepreneurial firms. Working paper, New York University.
Zucker, L. G. 1977. The role of institutionalization in cultural persistence. American Sociological Review, 42: 726-743.
Zucker, L.G. 1991. Postscript: Microfoundations of institutional thoughts. In W. W. Powell & P. J. DiMaggio (Eds.), The new institutionalism in organizational analysis: 103-107. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Anderson, P. 1999a. Complexity theory and organization science. Organization Science, 10: 216-232.
Anderson, P. 1999b. Seven levers for guiding the evolving enterprise. In J. H. Clippinger III (Ed.), The biology of business: Decoding the natural laws of enterprise: 113-152. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
Arthur, W. B. 1990. Positive feedbacks in the economy. Scientific American, 262(2): 92-99.
Maguire, S., Hardy, C., & Lawrence, T. B. 2004. (forthcoming) Institutional entrepreneurship in emerging fields: HIV/AIDS treatment advocacy in Canada. Academy of Management Journal, 47(5).
Arthur, W. B. 1994. Increasing returns and path dependence in the economy. Ann Arbor, MI.: University of Michigan Press.
Ashby, W. R. 1958. An introduction to Cybernetics. London: Chapman and Hall.
Gioia, D. A., Schultz, M., & Corley, K. G. 2000. Organizational identity, image, and adaptive instability. Academy of Management Review, 25: 63-81.
Ashby, W. R. 1962. Principle of self-organizing dynamic system. In H. von Foerster & G.W. Zopf (Eds.), Principles of self-organization: 255-278. Pergamon Press.
Astley, W. G. 1985. The two ecologies: Population and community perspectives on organizational evolution. Administrative Science Quarterly, 30: 224-241.
Astley, W. G. & Fombrun, C. J. 1983. Collective strategy: Social ecology of organizational environments. Academy of Management Review, 8: 576-587.
Astley, W. G., & Fombrun, C. J. 1987. Organizational communities: An ecological perspective. Research in the Sociology of Organizations, 5: 163-185.
Bak, P., & Sneppen, K. 1993. Punctuated equilibrium and criticality in a simple model of evolution. Physical Review Letters, 71: 4083-4086.
Barley, S. R., & Tolbert, P. S. 1997. Institutionalization and structuration: Studying the links between action and institution. Organization Studies, 18(1): 93-117.
Barney, J. B. 1986. Strategic factor markets: Expectations, luck and business strategy. Management Science, 31: 1231-1241.
Malhotra, Y. 2000. Knowledge management and business model innovation. Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing.
Barney, J. B. 1991. Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17: 99-120.
Baum, J. A. C. & Oliver, C. 1992. Institutional embeddedness and the dynamics of organizational populations. American Sociological Review, 57: 540-559.
Benjamin, B. A., & Podolny, J. M. 1999. Status, quality, and social order in the California wine industry. Administrative Science Quarterly, 44: 563-589.
Gleick, J. 1988. Chaos: Making a new science. New York: Penguin.
Berger, P. L., & Luckmann, T. 1966. The social construction of reality: A treatise in the sociology of knowledge. New York: Doubleday.
Bird, B. J. 1988. Implementing entrepreneurial ideas: The case for intention. Academy of Management Review, 13: 442-453.
Bird, B. J. 1992. The operation of intentions in time: The emergence of the new venture. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 17(1): 11-20.
Bourdieu, P. 1993. Sociology in question. London: Sage Publications.
Bovet, D., Martha, J., & Kramer, K. 2000. Value nets: Breaking the supply chain to unlock hidden profits. New York: Wiley.
Brass, D. J., & Burkhardt, M. E. 1992. Centrality and power in organization. In N. Nohria, & R. G. Eccles (Eds.), Networks and organizations: Structure, form, and action: 191-215. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
Manizer, K. 1997. Thinking in complexity: The complex dynamics of matter, mind, and mankind. New York: Springer.
Brockhaus, R. H. 1982. The psychology of the entrepreneur. In C. A. Kent, D. L. Sexton & K. H. Vesper (Eds.), Encyclopedia of entrepreneurship: 39-71. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Bruderl, J., & Preisendorfer, P. 1998. Netwrok support and the success of newly founded businesses. Small Business Economics, 10: 213-225.
Bruyat, C., & Julien, P. 2000. Defining the field of research in entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 16:165-180.
Burt, R. S. 1992. The Social Structure of Competition. In N. Nohria, & R. G. Eccles (Eds.), Networks and organizations: Structure, form, and action: 57-91. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
Gnyawali, D. R., & Madhavan, R. 2001. Cooperative networks and competitive dynamics: Structural embeddedness perspective. Academy of Management Review, 26: 431-445.
Bygrave, M. D. 1993. Theory building in the entrepreneurship paradiam. Journal of Business Venturing, 8: 255-280.
Bygrave, W. D., & Hofer, C. W. 1991. Theorizing about entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 16(2): 13-23.
Campbell, J. H. 1985. An organizational interpretation of evolution. In D. J. Depew, & B. H. Weber (Eds.), Evolution and a crossroads: The new biology and the new philosophy of science: 133-168. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Chandler, G. N., & Lyon, D. W. 2001. Issues of research design and construct measurement in entrepreneurship research: The past decade. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 25(4): 101-113.
Chiles, T. H., Meyer, A. D., & Hench, T. J. 2004. Organizational emergence: The origin and transformation of Branson, Missouriâs musical theaters. Organization Science, 15(5): 499-519.
Marion, R. 1999. The edge of organization: Chaos and complexity theories of formal social systems. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Choi, D., & Valikangas, L. 2001. Patterns of strategy innovation. European Management Review, 19(4): 424-429.
Christensen, C. M. 1997. The innovator's dilemma: When new technologies cause great firms to fail. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Clark, A. 1999. Leadership and influence: The manager as a coach, nanny, and artificial DNA. In J. H. Clippinger III (Ed.), The biology of business: Decoding the natural laws of enterprise: 47-66. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
Clippinger III, J. H. 1999. The biology of business: Decoding the natural laws of enterprise. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
Coleman, J. S. 1990. Foundations of social theory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Goldstein, J. 1999. Emergence as a construct: History and issues. Emergence, 1(1): 49-72.
Cooper, A. C. 1986. Entrepreneurship and high technology. In D. L. Sexton & R. W. Smilor (Eds.), The art and science of entrepreneurship: 153-168, Cambridge, MA: Ballinger.
Cooper, A. C. 2001. Network, alliances and entrepreneurship. In M. A. Hitt, R. D. Ireland, S. M. Camp, & D. L. Sexton (Eds.), Strategic entrepreneurship: Creating a new integrated mindset. Oxford: Blackwell.
Corning, P. A. 1995. Synergy and self-organization in the evolution of complex systems. Systems Research, 12(2): 89-121.
Crutchfield, J. P., Farmer, J. D., Packard, N. H., & Shaw, R. S. 1986. Chaos. Scientific American, 255:46-57.
Markides, C. 1998. Strategic innovation in established companies. MIT Sloan Management Review, Spring: 31-42.
Cunha, M. P., Cunha, J. V., & Kamoche, K. 2001. The age of emergence: Toward a new organizational mindset. S.A.M. Advanced Management Journal, 66(3): 25-29.
Cusumano, M. A., & Gawer, A. 2002. The elements of platform leadership. MIT Sloan Management Review, Spring: 51-58.
Das, T. K., & Teng, B. S. 2002. Alliance constellations: A social exchange perspective. Academy of Management Review, 27: 445-456.
David, P. 1986. Understanding the economics of QWERTY: The necessity of history. In W. Parker (Ed.), Economic history and the modern economist: 30-49. London: Basil Blackwell.
Davidsson, P., & Wiklund, J. 2001. Levels of analysis in entrepreneurship research: Current research practice and suggests for the future. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 25(4): 81-100.
Delacroix, J., & Solt, M. E. 1988. Niche formation and foundings in the California wine industry, 1941-1984. In G. R. Carroll (Ed.), Ecological models of organizations: 53-70. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger.
Goldstein, J. 2000. Emergence: A construct amid a thicket of conceptual snares. Emergence, 2(1): 5-22.
DiMaggio, P. J. 1988. Interest and agency in institutional theory. In L. G. Zucker (Ed.), Institutional patterns and Organizations: 3-22. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger.
DiMaggio, P. J. 1991. Constructing an organizational field as a professional project: U.S. art museums, 1920-1940. In W. W. Powell & P. J. DiMaggio (Eds.), The new institutionalism in organizational analysis: 267-292. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
DiMaggio, P. J., & Powell, W. W. 1983. The iron cage revisited: Institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organizational fields. American Sociological Review, 48: 147-160.
Markus, M. L. 1983. Power, politics, and MIS implementation. Communications of the ACM, 26: 430-444.
DiMaggio, P. J., & Powell, W. W. 1991. Introduction. In W. W. Powell & P. J. DiMaggio (Eds.), The new institutionalism in organizational analysis: 1-38. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Drazin, R., & Sandelands, L. 1992. Autogenesis: A perspective on the process of organizing. Organization Science, 3: 230-249.
Drucker, P. 1993. Innovation and entrepreneurship: Practice and principals. New York: Harper Business.
Dutton, J. E., Dukerich, J. M. 1991. Keeping an eye on the mirror: Image and identity in organizational adaptation. Academy of Management Journal, 34: 517-554.
Dutton, J. E., Dukerich, J. M., & Harquail, C. V. 1994. Organizational images and member identification. Administrative Science Quarterly, 39: 239-263.
Eisenhardt, K. M. 1989. Building theory from case study research. Academy of Management Review, 14: 532-550.
Eisenhardt, K. M., & Schoonhoven, C. B. 1996. Resource-based view of strategic alliance formation: Strategic and social effects in entrepreneurial Firms. Organization Science, 7(2): 136-150.
Gould, S. J., & Eldredge, N. 1977. Punctuated equilibria: The tempo and mode of evolution reconsidered. Paleobiology, 3:115-151.
Eisenhardt, K. M., & Galunic, D. C. 2000. Coevolving: At last, a way to make synergies work. Harvard Business Review, 76(5): 131-143.
Emery, F. E. & Trist, E. L. 1965. The causal texture of organizational environments. Human Relations, 18: 21-32.
Albert, S., & Whetten, D. 1985. Organizational identity. In L. L. Cummings, & B. M. Staw (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior (7): 263-295. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Etzioni, A. 1963. The epigenesis of political communities at the international level. American Journal of Sociology, 58: 407-421.
Evans, P. B., & Wurster, T. S. 1997. Strategy and the new economics of information. Harvard Business Review, 75(5): 71-82.
Feigenbaum, M. J. 1978. Quantitative universality for a class of non-linear transformations. Journal of Statistical Physics, 19: 25-33.
Fetterman, D. 1989. Ethnography: Step by step. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Fiol, C. M., Hatch, M. J. & Golden-Biddle, K. 1998. Organizational culture and identity: Whatâs the difference anyway? In D. Whetten, & P. Godfrey (Eds.), Identity in organizations: Developing theory through conversations: 66-68. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Fligstein, N. 1997. Social skill and institutional theory. American Behavioral Studies, 40: 397-405.
Fombrun, C. J. 1986. Structural dynamics within and between organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 31: 403-421.
Fombrun, C. J. 1988. Crafting an institutionally informed ecology of organizations. In G. R. Carroll (Ed.), Ecological models of organizations: 223-239. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger.
Govindarajan, V., & Gupta, A. K. 2001. Strategic innovation: A conceptual road map. Business Horizon, July-August: 3-12.
Freeman, J. 1982. Organizational life cycles and natural selection processes. In B. M. Staw & L. L. Cummings (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior (4): 1-32. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Gartner, W. B. 1993. Word lead to deeds: Towards an organizational emergence vocabulary. Journal of Business Venturing, 8: 231-240.
Freeman, L. C. 1979. Centrality in social network: Conceptual clarification. Social Networks, 1:215-239.
Frumkin, P., & Kaplan, G. 2000. Institutional theory and the micro-macro link. Working paper, Harvard University.
Galaskiewicz, J. 1979. Exchange networks and community politics. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.
Gartner, M. B. 1988. âWho is an entrepreneur?â is the wrong question. American Journal of Small Business, 12(4): 11-32.
Gartner, W. B. 1990. What are we talking about when we talk about entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 5: 15-28.
Greenwood, R., Suddaby, R., & Hinings, C. R. 2002. Theorizing change: The role of professional associations in the transformation of institutionalized fields. Academy of Management Journal, 45: 58-80.
Gregersen, H., & Sailer, L. 1993. Chaos theory and its implications for social science research. Human Relations, 46: 777-802.
Crutchfield, J. P., Packard, N. H., Farmer, J. D., & Shaw, R. S. 1986. Chaos. Scientific American, 255: 46-57.
Guba, E. G., & Lincoln, Y. S. 1994. Competing paradigms in qualitative research. In N. K. Denzin, & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative research: 105-117. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
McDaniel, R. R. Jr., & Walls, M. E. 1998. Professional organizations stuck in the middle: A complex adaptive systems approach to achieving organizational turnaround in adverse situations. Advances in Applied Business Strategy, 5: 131-152.
Gulati, R. 1995. Social structure and alliance formation patterns: A longitudinal analysis. Administrative Science Quarterly, 40: 619-652.
Gulati, R., Nohria, N., & Zaheer, A. 2000. Strategic networks. Strategic Management Journal, 21:203-215.
Hagel III, J. 2002. Leveraged growth. Expanding sales without sacrificing profits. Harvard Business Review, 80(10): 69-77.
HÃ¥kansson, H., & Ford, D. 2002. How should companies interact in business networks? Journal of Business Research, 55(2): 133-139.
Haken, H. 1983. Synergetics: An introduction. Berlin: Springer.
Halinen, A., Havila, V., & Salmi, A., 1999. From dyadic change to changing business networks. Journal of Management Studies, 36: 779-794
Hamel, G. 1996. Strategy as revolution. Harvard Business Review, 74(4): 69-82.
Hamel, G. 1998a. The challenge today: Changing the rules of the game. Business Strategy Review, 9(2): 19-26.
Hamel, G. 1998b. Opinion: Strategy innovation and the quest for value. MIT Sloan Management Review, Winter: 7-14.
ï¼1995ï¼ï¼ãç¤¾æç¶²è·¯çè³ææ¶éãæ¸¬éèåæãï¼ãç¤¾æèª¿æ¥èåæãï¼ç« è±è¯çä¸»ç·¨ï¼ï¼ä¸å¤®ç ç©¶é¢æ°ææåºçï¼é 313-357ã
McKelvey, B. 1982. Organizational systematics: Taxonomy, evolution, classification. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Hamel, G. 2000. Leading the revolution. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
Hamel, G. & Prahalad, C. K. 1994. Competing for the future. Boston, Mass.: Harvard Business School Press.
Hannan, M. T. & Carroll, G. R. 1992. Dynamics of organizational populations: Density, Legitimation, and competition. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hannan, M. T. & Carroll, G. R. 1995. An introduction to organizational ecology. In G. R. Carroll, & M. T. Hannan (Eds.), Organizations in industry: Strategy, structure, and selection: 17-31. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hannan, M. T. & Freeman, J. 1977. The population ecology of organizations. American Journal of Sociology, 82: 929-964.
Hannan, M. T. & Freeman, J. 1984. Structural inertia and organizational change. American Sociological Review, 49: 149-164.
Hannan, M. T. & Freeman, J. 1989. Organization ecology. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Harris, S. 1994. Organizational culture and individual sensemaking: A schema-based perspective. Organization Science, 5: 309-321.
Hatch, M. J., & Schultz, M. 1997. Relations between organizational culture, identity and image. European Journal of Marketing, 356-365.
Hawkins, R. 2001. The business model as a reseach problem in electronic commerce. Issue Report(4), SPRU.
McKelvey, B. 1999. Complexity theory in organization science: Seizing the promise or becoming a fad? Emergence, 1(1): 3-32.
Herriott, R. E., & Firestone, W. A. 1983. Multisite qualitative policy research: Optimizing description and generalizability. Educational Research, 12: 14-19.
Hill, R. C. & Levenhagen, M. 1995. Metaphors and mental models: Sensemaking and sensegiving in innovative and entrepreneurship activities. Journal of Management, 21: 1057-1074.
Hite, J. M., & Hesterly, W. S. 2001. The evolution of firm networks: From emergence to early growth of the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 22: 275-286.
Hoang, H., & Antoncic, B. 2003. Network-based research in entrepreneurship: A critical review. Journal of Business Venturing, 18: 165-187.
Holm, D. B., Eriksson, K., & Johanson, J. 1999. Creating value through mutual commitment to business network relationships. Strategic Management Journal, 20: 467-486.
Holm, P. 1995. The dynamics of institutionalization: Transformation processes in Norwegian fisheries. Administrative Science Quarterly, 40: 398-422.
Holland, J. H. 1988. The global economy as an adaptive process. In P. W. Anderson, K. J. Arrow, & D. Pines (Eds.), The economy as an evolving complex system: 117-123. Redwood City, CA.: Addison-Wesley.
Holland, J. H. 1995. Hidden order: How adaptation builds complexity. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Hughes, E. C. 1936. The ecological aspect of institutions. American Sciological Review, 1: 180-189.
McKelvey, B. 2001. What is complexity science? It is really order-creation science. Emergence, 3(1): 137-157.
Human, S. E., & Provan, K. G. 2000. Legitimacy building in the evolution of small-firm multilateral networks: A comparative study of success and demise. Administrative Science Quarterly, 45: 327-365.
Ireland, R. D., Hitt, M. A., Camp, S. M., & Sexton, D. L. 2001. Integrating entrepreneurship and strategic management actions to create firm wealth. Academy of Management Executive, 15(1): 49-63.
Jepperson, R. L. 1991. Institutions, institutional effects, and institutionalism. In W. W. Powell & P. J. DiMaggio (Eds.), The new institutionalism in organizational analysis: 143-153. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kauffman, S. A. 1993. The origins of order: Self-organization and selection in evolution. New York: Oxford University Press.
Kauffman, S. A. 1995. At home in the universe: The search for laws of self-organization and complexity. New York: Oxford University Press.
Kenis, P., & Knoke, D. 2002. How institutional field networks shape interorganizational tie-formation rates. Academy of Management Review, 27: 275-293.
Kim W. C., & Mauborgue, R. 1999a. Creating new market space. Harvard Business Review, 77(1): 83-94.
Kim, W. C., & Mauborgue, R. 1999b. Strategy, value innovation and knowledge economy. MIT Sloan Management Review, Spring: 41-54.
Kogut, B. 2000. The Network as knowledge: Generative Rules and the Emergence of Structure. Strategic Management Journal, 21: 405-425.
McKelvey, B. 2004. Toward a complexity science of entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 19: 313-341.
Larson, A., & Starr, J. A. 1993. A network model of organization formation. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 17(2): 4-15.
Laumann, E. O. 1987. The organizational state: Social choice in national policy domains. Madison, WN: University of Wisconsin Press
Lawrence, T. B., Hardy, C., & Phillips, N. 1999. Collaboration and institutional entrepreneurship: The case of MÃ©re et Enfant. Working paper, University of Melbourne, Australia.
Lawrence, T. B., Hardy, C., & Phillips, N. 2002. Institutional effects of interorganizational collaboration: The emergence of proto-institutions. Academy of Management Journal, 45: 281-290.
Learned, K. E. 1992. What happened before the organization? A model of organizational fomation. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 17(1): 39-48.
Leblebici, H., Salancik, G. R., & Copay, A., & King, T. 1991. Institutional change and the transformation of interorganizational fields: An organizational history of the U.S. radio broadcasting industry. Administrative Science Quarterly, 36: 333-363.
Lee, A. S. 1989. A scientific methodology for MIS case study. MIS Quarterly, 13(1): 33-50.
Leibold M., Probst, G., & Gibbert, M. 2002. Strategic management in the knowledge economy: New approach and business applications. New York: Wiley.
Leifer, R. 1989. Understanding organizational transformation using a dissipative structure model. Human Relations, 10: 899-916.
Merriam, S. B. 1998. Case study research in education. Thousand Oaks, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Lengnick-Hall C. A. & Wolff, I. A. 1999. The similarities and contradictions in the core logic of three strategy research streams. Strategic Management Journal, 20: 1109-1132.
Levenhagen, M., Porac, J. F., & Thomas, H. 1994. Emergent industry leadership and the selling of technological visions: A social constructionist view. In J. Hendry, & G. Johnson (Eds.), Strategic thinking: Leadership and the management of change: 69-87. New York: Wiley.
Lichtenstein, B. 1999. A dynamic model of non-linearity in entrepreneurship. Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship, 11(special issue): 24-55.
Abrahamson, E., & Rosenkopf, L. 1993. Institutional and competitive bandwagons: Using mathematical modeling as a tool to explore innovation diffusion. Academy of Management Review, 18: 487-517.
Lichtenstein, B. 2000. Emergence as a process of self-organizing: New assumptions and insights from the study of non-linear dynamic systems. Journal of Organizational Change, 20: 526-544.
Lichtenstein, B. 2002. Entrepreneurship as emergence: Insights and methods from philosophy and complexity science. Working paper, University of Hartford.
Linder, J. C., & Cantrell, S. 2001. Changing business models: Surveying the landscape. Institute for Strategic Change, Accenture.
Lissack, M. R. 1999. Complexity: The science, its vocabulary, and its relation to organizations. Emergence, 1(1): 110-126.
Lissack, M. R. & Letiche, H. 2002. Complexity, emergence, resilience, and coherence: Gainging perspective on organizations and their study. Emergence, 4(3): 72-94.
Lounsbury, M., & Glynn, M. A. 2001. Cultural entrepreneurship: Stories, legitimacy, and the acquisition of resources. Strategic Management Journal, 22: 545-564.
Meyer, J. W., & Rowan, B. 1977. Institutionalized organizations: Formal structure as myth and ceremony. American Journal of Sociology, 83: 340-363.
Low, M. B., & Abrahamson, E. 1997. Movements, bandwagons, and clones: Industry evolution and the entrepreneurial process. Journal of Business Venturing, 12: 435-457.
Low, M. B. & MacMillan, I. C. 1988. Entrepreneurship: Past research and future challenges. Journal of Business Venturing, 35: 139-161.
Low, M. B., & Srivatsan, V. 1994. What does it mean to trust an entrepreneur? In S. Birler, & I. C. MacMillan (Eds.), International entrepreneurship: 59-78. London: Routledge.
Macintosh, R., & Maclean, D. 1999. Conditioned emergence: A dissipative structures approach to transformation. Strategic Management Journal, 20: 297-316.
Ahuja, G. 2000. Collaboration networks, structural holes and innovation: A longitudinal study. Administrative Science Quarterly, 45: 425-455.
Madhavan, R., Koka, B. R., & Prescott, J. E. 1998. Networks in transition: How industry events (re)shape interfirm relationships. Strategic Management Journal, 19: 439-459.
Mihata, K. 1997. The persistence of emergence. In R. A. Eve, S. Horsfall, & M. E. Lee (Eds.), Chaos, complexity, and sociology: Myths, models, and theories: 30-39. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. 1994. Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Moore, J. F. 1996. The Death of competition: Leadership and strategy in the age of business ecosystems. Harper Business.
Gartner, W. B. 2001. Is there an elephant in entrepreneurship? Blind assumptions in theory development. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 25(4): 27-40.
Aldrich, H. E. 1990. Using an ecological perspective to study organizational founding rate. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 14(3): 7-24.
Morel, B., & Ramanujam, R. 1999. Through the looking glass of complexity: The dynamics of organizations as adaptive and evolving systems. Organization Science, 10: 278-293.
Morgan, G., & Smircich, L. 1980. The case for qualitative research. Academy of Management Review, 5: 491-500.
Myers, M. D. 1997. Qualitative research in information systems. MIS Quarterly, 21(2): 241-242.
Nahapiet, J., & Ghoshal S. 1998. Social capital, intellectual capital, and the organizational advantage. Academy of Management Review, 23: 242-266.
Neuman, W. L. 1997. Social research method: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Normann, R. 2001. Reframing business: When the map changes the landscape. West Sussex, England: Wiley.
Normann, R., & Ramirez, R. 1993. From value chain to value constellation: Designing interactive strategy. Harvard Business Review, 71(4): 65-77.
Olins, W. 1989. The new guide to identity: How to create and sustain change through managing identity. London: Gower.
Oliver, C. 1997. Sustainable competitive advantage: Combining institutional and resource-based views. Strategic Management Journal, 18: 697-713.
Gartner, W. B., Bird, B. J., & Starr, J. A. 1992. Acting as if: Differentiating entrepreneurial from organizational behavior. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 16(3): 13-32.
Oliver, P., Marwell, G., & Teixeira, R. 1985. A theory of the critical mass: Group heterogeneity, interdependence, and the production of collective goods. American Journal of Sociology, 91(3): 522-556.
Aldrich, H. E. 1999. Organizations evolving. London: Sage Publications.
Pateli, A. 2002. A domain area report on business model. Working paper, Athens University of Economics and Business, Greece.
Parolini, C. 1999. The value net: A tool for competitive strategy. New York: Wiley.
Parsons, T. 1951. The social system. Glencoe, Ill.: Free Press.
Pfeffer, J., & Salancik, G. R. 1978. The external control of organizations: A resource dependence perspective. New York: Harper & Row.
Powell, W. W., & DiMaggio, P. J. 1991. The new institutionalism in organizational analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Powell, W. W., Koput, K. W., & Smith-Doerr, L. 1996. Interorganizational collaboration and the locus of innovation: Networks of learning in biotechnology. Administrative Science Quarterly, 41: 116-145.
Powell, W. W., & Smith-Doerr, L. 1994. Networks and economic life. In N. J. Smelser, & R. Swedberg (Eds.), The handbook of economic sociology: 368-402. Princeton University Press.
Prigogine, I., & Stengers, I. 1984. Order out of chaos: Man's new dialogue with nature. New York: Bantam Books.
Gartner, W. B., & Birley S. 2002. Introduction to the special issue on qualitative methods in entrepreneurship research. Journal of Business Venturing, 17: 387-395,
Ramirez, R. 1999. Value co-production: Intellectual origins and implications for practice and research. Strategic Management Journal, 20: 49-65.
Rappa, M. 2001. Business models on the web. http://www.digitalenterprise.org.
Aldrich, H. E., & Baker, T. 2001. Learning and legitimacy: Entrepreneurial responses to constraints on the emergence of new populations and organizations. In C. B. Schoonhoven, & E. Romanelli (Eds.), The entrepreneurship dynamic: Origins of entrepreneurship and the evolution of industries: 207-235. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Rao, H., Morrill, C., & Zald, M. N. 2000. Power plays: How social movements and collective action create new organizational forms. Research in Organizational Behavior, 22: 237-281.
Rindova, V. P., & Fombrun, C. J. 1998. The eye of the beholder: The role of corporate reputation in defining organizational identity. In D. Whetten, & P. Godfrey (Eds.), Identity in organizations: Developing theory through conversations: 62-66. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications..
Rindova, V. P., & Fombrun, C. J. 1999. Constructing competitive advantage: The role of firm-constituent interactions. Strategic Management Journal, 20: 691-710.
Rindova, V. P., & Fombrun, C. J. 2001. Entrepreneurial action in the creation of the specialty coffee niche. In C. B. Schoonhoven, & E. Romanelli (Eds.), The entrepreneurship dynamic: Origins of entrepreneurship and the evolution of industries: 236-261. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Rogers, E. M. 1995. Diffusion of innovations. New York: Free Press.
Romanelli, E. 1991. The evolution of new organizational forms. Annual Review of Sociology, 17: 79-103.
Rowley, T., Behrens, D., & Krackhardt, D. 2000. Redundant governance structures: An analysis of structural and relational embeddedness in the steel and semiconductor industries. Strategic Management Journal, 21: 369-386.
Garud, R., Jain, S., & Kumaraswamy, A. 2002. Institutional entrepreneurship in the sponsorship of common technological standards: The case of Sun Microsystems and Java. Academy of Management Journal, 45: 196-214.
Russell, R. D. 1999. Developing a process model of intrapreneurial systems: A cognitive mapping approach. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 23(3): 65-84.
Russo, M. V. 1995. Exchange relationships and organizational foundings. Academy of Management Journal, Best Papers Proceedings: 261-265.
Sawhney, M., & Parikh, D. 2001. Where value lives in a networked world. Harvard Business Review, 79(1): 79-86.
Aldrich, H. E., & Fiol. C. M. 1994. Fools rush in? The institutional context of industry creation. Academy of Management Review, 19: 645-670.
Schroeder, M. R. 1991. Fractals, chaos, power laws: Minutes from an infinite paradise. New York: Freeman.
Schumpeter, J. A. 1934. The theory of economic development. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Schumpeter, J. A. 1942. Capitalism, socialism, and democracy. New York: Harper and Brothers.
Scott, W. R. 1987. The adolescence of institutional theory. Administrative Science Quarterly, 32: 493-511.
Scott, W. R. 1994a. Institutions and organizations: Toward a theoretical synthesis. In J. W. Meyer & W. R. Scott, Institutional environments and organizations: structural complexity and individualism: 55-80. Sage Publications.
Scott, W. R. 1994b. Institutional analysis: Variance and process theory approaches. In J. W. Meyer & W. R. Scott, Institutional environments and organizations: structural complexity and individualism: 81-99. Sage Publications.
Gell-Mann, M. 1994. The quark and the jaguar: Adventures in the simple and the complex. New York: Freeman.
Scott, W. R. 1995. Institutions and organizations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Scott, S. G., & Lane, V. R. 2000. A stakeholder approach to organizational identity. Academy of Management Review, 25: 43-62.
Selznick, P. 1957. Leadership in administration. New York: Harper & Row.
Seo, M., & Creed W. E. D. 2002. Institutional contradictions, praxis, and institutional change: A dialectical perspective. Academy of Management Review, 27: 222-247.
Aldrich, H. E., & Martinez, M. A. 2001. Many are called, but few are chosen: An evolutionary perspective for the study of entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 25(4): 41-56.
Shane, S., & Venkataraman, S. 2000. The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 25: 217-226.
Shapero, A., & Sokol, L. 1982. The social dimensions of entrepreneurship. In C. A. Kent, D. L. Sexton & K. H. Vesper (Eds.), Encyclopedia of entrepreneurship: 39-71. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Shapiro, C., & Varian, H. R. 1998. Information rules: A strategic guide to the network economy. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
Sharma, P., & Chrisman, J. J. 1999. Toward a reconciliation of the definitional issues in the field of corporate entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 23(3): 11-28.
Siegel, R., Siegel, E., & MacMillan I. C. 1993. Characteristics distinguishing high-growth ventures. Journal of Business Venturing, 8: 169-180.
Gersick, C. J. 1991. Revolutionary change theories: A multilevel exploration of the punctuated equilibrium paradigm. Academy of Management Review, 16: 10-36.
Simon, H. A. 1996. The sciences of the artificial. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Smith, C. 1986. Transformation and regeneration in social systems: A dissipative structure perspective. Systems Research, 3(4): 203-213.
Smith, C., & Gemmill, G. 1991. Change in the small group: A dissipative structure perspective. Human Relations, 44: 697-716.
Smith, W. E. 1983. Organizing as a power process: The creation and testing of a conceptual framework and its application to the design of development projects. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.
Stacey, R. D. 1995. The science of complexity: An alternative perspective for strategic change processes. Strategic Management Journal, 16:477-495.
Alt, R., & Zimmermann, H. D. 2001. Introduction to special section: Business models. Electronic Markets, 11(1): 1-7.
Stacey, R. D. 1996. Complexity and creativity in organizations. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.
Stevenson, H., & Harmeling, S. 1990. Entrepreneurial managementâs need for a more chaotic theory. Journal of Business Venturing, 5:1-14.
Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. 1990.Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
Strauss, C., & Quinn, N. 1997. The cognitive theory of cultural meaning. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Giddens, A. 1984. The constitution of society: Outline of the theory of structuration. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Suchman, M. C. 1995. Managing legitimacy: Strategic and institutional approaches. Academy of Management Review, 20: 571-610.