本研究探討個人、社會支持、婚姻變項與婚姻衝突因應行為的關係。197位已婚者 接受自我報告式的問卷訪問，受試者的年齡分佈從 23 到 82 歲。研究使用探測性的路徑分 析法探討婚姻衝突因應行為可能的歷程模式。研究結果顯示婚姻衝突因應行為和變項間的關 係依不同因應行為而有所不同。婚姻關係的滿意度與正向解決、逃避、爭執和自我責難因應 行為有顯著且直接的關係。年齡是對自我興趣和尋求支援因應行為唯一且直接的影響因素。 人格特質與三種負向的因應行為有直接的關係。整體而言，婚姻衝突的認知評估與社會支持 程度二因素係透過它們與婚姻滿意度或人格特質的關係而與婚姻衝突因應行為有間接的關係 。 This study examined some plausible factors that were expected to contribute to marital coping behaviors when married couples face marital conflict situations. Self-report measures were administered to a sample of 197 married community residents ranging in age from 23 to 82 years old. Exploratory path analyses were employed to examine the process-oriented nature of marital coping behaviors. Overall, the results revealed that connections between marital coping behaviors and the expected variables varied by the modes of coping examined. The models showed that marital strain plays an important and direct relation to positive approach, avoidance, conflict, and self-blame marital coping strategies. Age was found to play the only, and direct role, in contributing to self-interest and seeking social support marital coping strategies. Personality traits also were found to be directly related to three negative marital coping behaviors. A primary finding of the analyses was that marital conflict appraisal and social support were found to be indirectly associated with marital coping behaviors through their associations with marital strain or personality traits. The implications of these conclusions for clinical practice, the limitations of the study, and issues of future research are discussed.