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    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 期刊論文 >  Item 140.119/20725
    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/20725

    題名: Acute Effects of d-Amphetamine on the DRL Schedule Behavior in the Rat: Comparison with Selective Dopamine Receptor Antagonists
    作者: Liao, Ruey-Ming
    Cheng, Ruey-Kuang
    貢獻者: 國立政治大學心理學系
    關鍵詞: D1 and D2 receptors;IRT analysis;ketamine;pentylenetetrazole;psychostimulant;raclopride;SCH23390;timing behavior
    日期: 2005
    上傳時間: 2008-12-31 10:48:03 (UTC+8)
    摘要: Amphetamine and it analogs have been shown to affect operant behavior maintained on the
    differential reinforcement of a low-rate (DRL) schedule. The aim of the present study was to investigate
    what specific component of the DRL response is affected by d-amphetamine. The acute effects of
    d-amphetamine on a DRL task were compared with those of the selective dopamine D1
    and D2
    antagonists, SCH23390 and raclopride, respectively. Pentylenetetrazole and ketamine were also used as
    two reference drugs for comparison with d-amphetamine as a psychostimulant. Rats were trained to
    press a lever for water reinforcement on a DRL 10-s schedule. Acute treatment of d-amphetamine
    (0, 0.5, and 1.0 mg/kg) significantly increased the response rate and decreased the reinforcement in a
    dose-related fashion. It also caused a horizontal leftward shift in the inter-response time (IRT)
    distribution at the doses tested. Such a shifting effect was confirmed by a significant decrease in the peak
    time, while the mean peak rate and burse response remained unaffected. In contrast, both SCH23390
    (0, 0.05, and 0.10 mg/kg) and raclopride (0, 0.2, and 0.4 mg/kg) significantly decreased the total, nonreinforced, and burst responses. The de-burst IRT distributions were flattened out as shown by the doserelated decreases in the mean peak rate for both dopamine antagonists, but no dramatic shift in peak
    time was detected. Interestingly, neither pentylenetetrazole (0, 5, and 10 mg/kg) nor ketamine (0, 1, and
    10 mg/kg) disrupted the DRL behavioral performance. It is then conceivable that d-amphetamine at the
    doses tested affects the temporal regulation of DRL behavior. The effectiveness of d-amphetamine is
    derived from its drug action as a psychostimulant. Taken together, these data suggest that different
    behavioral components of DRL task are differentially sensitive to pharmacological manipulation.
    關聯: Chinese Journal of Physiology, 48(1), 41-50
    資料類型: article
    顯示於類別:[心理學系] 期刊論文


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