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    政大機構典藏 > 商學院 > 企業管理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/127202
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/127202


    Title: 小企業創業者自願以清算退出之探索性研究
    Entrepreneurial voluntary exits of small business founders by liquidation: An exploratory study
    Authors: 練惠琪
    LIEN, HUI-CHI
    Contributors: 于卓民
    練惠琪
    LIEN, HUI-CHI
    Keywords: 創業者退出
    創業
    情緒
    情感事件理論
    降低認知失調行為
    門檻值
    Entrepreneurial exit
    Entrepreneurship
    Emotions
    Affective events theory
    Cognitive dissonance reduction behavior
    Threshold
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-11-06 15:24:43 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 每位創業者最終都會離開自己所創的事業,故創業者退出是個重要且不可被忽視的議題。但過去的創業文獻大多都著重在創業意願的研究,對於創業退出的研究則甚少著墨。此外,許多過去的相關研究也將創業者退出視為一種失敗,然而,許多創業者退出事業並非是因為財務上的表現不佳,而是其他的個人因素。

    為了解創業者退出過程的本質及探索創業者為何及如何退出事業,尤其是過去從未探討過之創業者的心理狀態對於退出行為的影響。我們與五位初次創業者進行深度訪談,他們均為合夥創業且透過清算方式退出,退出時財務也並無虧損。

    研究結果顯示創業者退出是受到情緒之影響,負面情緒之累積讓創業者對整體事業抱持負面態度,而情緒的產生則來自於與財務相關或非財務相關之事件。另外,退出也是個掙扎與累積的過程。當創業者經歷了負面情緒,他們將會啟動正向調節機制,如試著回想過去對於事業累積的正向態度,並尋找其他的資訊或減少與預期不符事件的重要性,藉此降低認知失調及累積的負面情緒。雖然創業者經歷不斷累積的負面情緒,但並非因此就會馬上退出其事業。而是當累積的負面情緒超過可忍受的門檻值,同時間也代表降低失調的正向行為失敗。此時,創業者才會不管事業當時的財務情況而決定退出事業。根據研究結果並透過結合情感事件理論與認知失調理論,本研究試圖提供一個創業者退出行為的理論架構。相信本論文對於創業者退出相關文獻與情感事件理論具有理論貢獻,並提供了後續相關的研究方向。再者,本研究之發現對於創業者本身也有其涵義。如果正在經歷負面情緒的創業者可以透過情緒的自我探索而進一步學習並發展出新的正面心態,創業者透過清算退出的機會將能夠降低。
    Entrepreneurial exit is an issue that cannot be neglected because every entrepreneur is destined to exit his or her venture one day. While much literature on entrepreneurship has developed rich insights into entrepreneurial intention, studies focusing on entrepreneurial exits remain scarce. Moreover, many previous studies regarded exits as the failure of a new venture; nevertheless, many entrepreneurs withdrew from the ventures not because of poor performance, but personal-related reasons.

    To capture the essence of the process of entrepreneurial exit and explore why and how entrepreneurs exit their ventures, we conducted in-depth interviews with five nascent entrepreneurs of partnership exiting through liquidation without financial loss. Specifically, we aim to know how psychological states affect entrepreneurial exit, which has been neglected by researchers.

    The findings suggest that entrepreneurial exits can be explained by accumulated emotions resulted from financial and non-financial entrepreneurial events and lead to negative attitudes toward the ventures. What’s more, exit is also a struggling and cumulative process. When entrepreneurs experience negative emotions, they will start positive regulation mechanisms. They will recall the accumulated positive attitudes toward the venture and look for other consonant information or decrease the importance of those discrepancies between undesirable events and expectations to reduce the dissonance and accumulated negative emotions. The entrepreneurs who experience cumulative negative emotions will not exit the business right away. Only when the total negative emotions perceived accumulate above the tolerable threshold, which meaning at the moment the reduction of dissonance fails and the attitude toward the venture was negative, an entrepreneur will make the decision to exit regardless of the financial status of the venture. Based on the findings, the study combined Affective Events Theory (AET) with Cognitive Dissonance Theory to provide a theoretical framework for entrepreneurial exits. We believe that our insights can contribute to the growing literature on entrepreneurial exits as well as AET and can give some future suggestions. Moreover, our findings have implications for entrepreneurs themselves. If entrepreneurs suffering negative emotions can learn from the emotions through self-discovery and further develop a new positive mind-set, the chance of exit by dissolution will decline.
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    Description: 博士
    國立政治大學
    企業管理學系
    99355506
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0099355506
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU201901229
    Appears in Collections:[企業管理學系] 學位論文

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