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    Title: 社會運動的媒介化:一個行動者網絡理論的觀點與取徑
    Mediatization of the movement of the social: an actor network approach
    Authors: 陳品丞
    Chen, Pin-Cheng
    Contributors: 方念萱
    Fang, Nien-Hsuan
    陳品丞
    Chen, Pin-Cheng
    Keywords: 媒介化
    社會運動
    行動者網絡理論
    同志運動
    同婚公投
    mediatization
    social movement
    actor network
    mediated activism
    same sex marriage
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-09-05 17:41:24 (UTC+8)
    Abstract:   媒介長期以來總被視為社會運動達成目標的「工具」或「手段」,相關研究的問題意識一直圍繞在「媒介是助力還是阻力」的二元性思考框架,因而陷入媒介決定論的泥淖,更過度簡化了媒介與社會運動之間複雜的關係。此外,社會運動研究的理論發展陷入停滯,如今媒介已然滲透至日常生活各處,社會文化各方各面皆為媒介所中介,但我們卻缺乏一個得以適切地描繪、分析社會運動與媒介之交織關係的理論概念。

      為了幫助我們在「無處不媒介」的社會之中,掌握社會運動與媒介之間整體而動態的共變關係,並為漸趨僵化的社會運動研究注入活水,本研究援引近年歐陸傳播界興起的「媒介化」(mediatization)以及Bruno Latour為主的行動者網絡理論(actor network theory, ANT)與傳統社會運動理論對話,並且嘗試發展一個以「媒介為關懷」的新媒介化ANT取徑,做為邁向社會運動與媒介研究之新典範的起點。本研究以2018年台灣的同性婚姻合法化公投為例,說明何以此新取徑得以幫助我們從不同的角度思考、分析社會運動與媒介的複雜關係。

      本研究主要目標有三:(一)藉由社會運動理論、媒介化理論與行動者網絡理論的對話,發展一個得以在當今無處不媒介的社會脈絡之中,適切地描繪社會運動與媒介交織關係的新理論取徑。(二)以台灣2018年的同性婚姻合法化公投爭議為例,實際示範此新取徑如何用於實際的經驗研究之上。(三)檢驗、修正與反思此新取徑的優、劣勢,並提供理論與方法上可能的發展方向,以供有興趣的研究者進一步拓展。

    關鍵字:媒介化、社會運動、行動者網絡理論、同志運動、同婚公投
    Media has long been regarded as a "tool" or "means" for social movements to achieve the goals. However, as media nowadays has penetrated into everyday life, it apparently oversimplifies the complex relationship between media and social movements. What’s worse, the discussion has always been centered on the dualistic framework of techno-utopian and dystopian thinking, suffering from what Mattoni and Treré (2014) called "the one medium bias" and "the technological-fascination bias". We lack a proper conceptual framework to describe and analyze the interweaving relationship of social movements and media.

    Accordingly, this study uses "mediatization" and "actor network theory (ANT) " as a starting point to develop a new approach to help us grasp the overall and dynamic interrelation between changes in social movements and media in the "on the mediation of everything" society (Livingstone, 2009) . This new approach regards "mediatization of the movement of the social" as the interrelated changes in a controversy during the assembling process of all the human and non-human actors, especially media. It should be media-decentralized but media-concerned to avoid determinism or reductionism.

    In order to illustrate how this new approach applies empirically, I take the controversy over the 2018 Taiwanese referendum for marriage equality as the illustrative case, showing how mediatization process takes place in propelling Taiwan to be the first Asian country in legalizing same-sex marriage. This study also reflects on the advantages and disadvantages of this new approach, and provides directions for further theoretical and methodological discussion.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    傳播學院傳播碩士學位學程
    1054640091
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1054640091
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU201900844
    Appears in Collections:[傳播學院傳播碩士學位學程] 學位論文

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