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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/125920

    Title: NPE與台灣廠商的動態競爭-以台灣半導體產業為例
    The analysis of NPE and Taiwan Operating Company from AMC perspective of Competitive Dynamics - The case of Taiwan Semiconductor Industry
    Authors: 黃泓淥
    Huang, Hung-Lu
    Contributors: 許牧彥
    Hsu, Mu-Yen
    Huang, Hung-Lu
    Keywords: 專利訴訟
    Patent Litigation
    Non-Practicing Entities(NPEs)
    Competitive Dynamics
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-09-05 17:29:50 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 從2013年到2017年以來,非專利實施事業體(Non-Practicing entities, NPEs)已經收購超過2880件與半導體有關的美國專利,並提出超過兩萬多件侵權專利訴訟,甚至在2014年NPEs讓從事半導體相關營運公司付出了法律費用包含律師費或授權費等法律成本估計約122億美元,逐漸威脅整個半導體供應鏈包括整合元件製造商、設計商到封裝測試供應商。台灣身為半導體產業大國,在產業鏈上IC設計商就高達兩百多家,產值為全球排名第二,僅次於美國。持續受到NPEs的恐嚇與攻擊之下,台灣廠商需額外投入更多資源與資金在專利侵權訴訟的成本上,造成廠商研發與創新之路受到阻礙。
    Through 2013 to 2017, Non-Practicing Entities (NPEs) had been acquiring more than 2880 US patetents related to semiconductor industry and filing more than twenty thousand cases of infringement litigation as well. What’s more is NPEs had semiconductor companies pay approximately 12.2 billion dollars singly in 2014 for legal expense include lawyer fee, settlement fee and license fee, which gradually posed a huge degree of threats to semiconductor companies in the supply chain such as IDM, IC fabless design house, and assembly and testing house. As a leading country in the scope of semiconduction industry, Taiwan possesses as many as two hundred fabless design houses which gain a great amount of revenue and rank number 2 in the world, second only to US. As a result of being heavily attacted and threatened by NPEs, Taiwan operating companies are forced to input more resources to defend themselves and increase the cost of patent litigation in the end, by which the innovation of research and development in the industry is hindered.
    In the beginning of the study is the action by NPEs attacking Taiwanese semiconductor companies as a wide range of research scope. MediaTek, which is being attacked the most is chosen to be a focal firm in the study, and furthermore the article analyzes the cooperation model of the NPE and Broadcom Inc.(Broadcom) from the perspective of competitive dynamics. To understand the context of the patent litigation, Awareness-Motivation-Capability (AMC) framework interprets how the NPE and Broadcom utilize and combine their resources and advantages to take action against MediaTek. It is found in this article that the purpose of Broadcom to transfer their patents to Cherokee (NPE) so as to file a suit by assignee is to decrease the risk of counterclaims. On the other hand, Cherokee (NPE) took advantage of a perfect time when MediaTek was busy dealing with lots of patent litigations at the same time. Cherokee, in the meanwhile, filed the same patent litigation against MediaTek’s customers as a part of business strategy.
    The contribution of the study is the observation of both of the product company and NPEs collaboratively establishing an operating model in a different way when facing different lawsuit scenarios. Based on the AMC structure of competitive dynamics, the study provides a whole new different perspective of a three-sided view of focal firm, NPEs, and third-party operating company to aquire more of their strategies as defenders and attackers, which can alert Twainese semiconductor companies to take precautionary measures in case of any action of NPEs and competitors.
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    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0106364120
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU201900951
    Appears in Collections:[科技管理與智慧財產研究所] 學位論文

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