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    Title: 隨機對照試驗2001-2017醫學文獻之書目計量學研究
    A Bibliometric Study in Randomized Controlled Trials of Medical Literature, 2001-2017
    Authors: 周錦昀
    Chou, Chin-Yun
    Contributors: 蔡明月
    Tsay, Ming-Yueh
    周錦昀
    Chou, Chin-Yun
    Keywords: 隨機對照試驗
    實證醫學
    書目計量學
    文獻成長
    布萊德福定律
    洛卡定律
    普萊斯平方根定律
    80/20法則
    Randomized Controlled Trials
    Evidence-Based Mediceine
    Bibliomatric
    Literature Growth
    Bradford’s Law
    Lotka’s Law
    Price’s Law
    80/20 Rule
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-09-05 16:00:02 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究利用書目計量學進行隨機對照試驗醫學文獻之特性。蒐集MEDLINE資料庫中資料類型為隨機對照試驗的醫學文獻進行分析研究。為延續楊彥緒自1965年至2001年之書目研究,並瞭解文獻成長模式,本研究蒐集2001年至2017年共計316,432筆書目進行分析,並針對資料類型、語言、出版國以及主題分佈進行分析,利用布萊德福定律以及布萊德福—齊夫定律進行期刊生產力的相關研究,洛卡定律、80/20法則以及普萊斯平方根定律進行第一作者生產力之相關分析。
    本研究結果如下所述:隨機對照試驗醫學文獻自2001年至2017年文獻逐漸成長,累積成長分佈曲線為線性成長。99%的文獻資料屬於期刊文獻,其餘文獻類型分別為讀者來函、編輯意見、報導型文章、新聞、會議文章與其他,並將期刊文獻類型細分後以臨床試驗類型為最多,共計229,940筆書目。文獻資料共計31種語言,其中英語為總文獻的95.5%,為主要的使用語言,其次為中文共計2.17%的文獻,而出版國以美國為最多共計144,953篇為總文獻的45.8%,其次為英國90,735篇為總文獻的28.7%。所有文獻中研究主題以膳食補充劑為最多。針對313,594篇期刊文獻進行布萊德福定律分析,將隨機對照試驗醫學文獻進行分區,研究結果可將文獻分為四區,其中前三區與布萊德福定律相符,而第一區的核心期刊共計83種,整體文獻與布萊德福—齊夫定律相符。在作者生產力部分,本研究僅針對第一作者進行分析,合著者最高可達518位,並以3到7人為最常見,在第一作者中以Giuseppe Derosa為發表最多文獻之第一作者共計102篇。以洛卡定律最小平方法計算可得n值-3.2412,c值為86.179%,並利用K-S檢定法進行檢驗,證明本研究不適用且不符合洛卡定律,第一作者生產力亦不符合普萊斯平方根定律及80/20法則。
    本研究針對研究結果進行以下建議:在文獻資料部分,資料庫應針對文獻之完整性進行維護,並完整刊登作者姓名與聯絡地址,以確實反映作者之生產力。在圖書資訊服務部分,提供各大圖書資訊單位,利用布萊德福定律分區所界定之核心期刊建立館藏發展與採購清單。在臨床人員與未來研究部分,若未來欲進行此領域之相關研究,應提升自身之外語能力,並針對核心期刊進行研讀。
    This study used the bibliometrics to characterize the medical literature of randomized controlled trials. Analyze the medical literature of randomized controlled trials in MEDLINE database. In order to continue Yen-Hsu Yang’s research from 1965to 2001and understand the growth model of literature, this study collected 316,432 RCT’s bibliographies from 2001 to 2017 for analysis and analysis of data types, languages, publishing countries and research subjects. The study uses Bradford’s Law and Bradford-Zif’s Law to examine the productivity of journal, and uses Loka’s Law, 80/20 Rule and Price’s Law for the correlation analysis of the first author’s productivity.
    The results of this study are as follows: The literature of the medical literature of randomized controlled trial has gradually grown from 2001 to 2017, and the cumulative growth distribution curve is linear growth. There are 99% of the literature types belong to the journal literature. The rest of the literature types are letters, editorial, report articles, news, conference articles and others. Subdivided the journal types into 7 types, most of the journal types literature are clinical trial, with a total of 229,940 data. The literature consists of 31 languages, most of literature is written by English (95.5%), which is the main language, Chinese is the second most widely used. The United States is the country which published maximum literature of 144,953 as 45.8% of the total literature, United Kingdom ranked number two (28.7%). The most research subject is dietary supplement. Analysis 313,594 journal articles with Bradford’s law, the medical literature of randomized controlled trial was inapplicable. According to the Bradford’s law the literature could be divided into four regions. There are 83 core journals, and the overall literature is consistent with Bradford-Zif’s law. In the author productivity section, this study only analyzes the first author, the most co-authors up to 518, and 3 to 7 people are the most common co-authors. Giuseppe Derosa is the most published first author, which published 102 Article. Loka’s law is found to be inapplicable to the distribution of first author productivity (n=-3.2412, c=86.179%). K-S test proves that this study is inapplicable to Loka’s law. The productivity of the first author is also inconsistent with Price’s law and the 80/20 rule.
    This study makes the following recommendations for the results of the study: In the literature section, the database should be maintained for the integrity of the literature, the author’s name and contact address should be fully published to reflect the author’s productivity. In the book information service section, provide the major book information units, use the core journals defined by the Bradford’s Law to establish a collection development and procurement list. In the clinical staff and future research sections, if you want to conduct related research in this field in the future, should improve your language skills and conduct research on core journals.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    圖書資訊與檔案學研究所
    105155017
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105155017
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU201900794
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