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    政大機構典藏 > 文學院 > 哲學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/125599
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/125599


    Title: 康德的最高善理論
    Kant's Theory of the Highest Good
    Authors: 林正昊
    Lin, Cheng-Hao
    Contributors: 林遠澤
    Lin, Yuan-Tse
    林正昊
    Lin, Cheng-Hao
    Keywords: 康德
    最高善
    證實根據
    超越
    完美
    共同體
    Kant
    The highest good
    Confirmation
    Transcendent
    Perfect
    Communal
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-09-05 15:59:21 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 最高善理論的存在一直是康德哲學系統中一個棘手的問題。它強烈地違反我們對康德倫理學的印象,並且看起來將使他陷入自我矛盾當中。因為按照康德的道德規範理論,道德的最高原則既不考慮行為的對象最終是否實現,也不要求其結果帶來人類的福祉,那麼又何以包含了幸福概念的最高善之可能性會影響道德法則的成立與否呢?然而,要處理這個問題首先必須面對的困難,就是最高善在康德的著作中甚至不是一個意義固定的概念。在不同文本、甚至同一文本不同處的論證當中,康德似乎賦予了這個概念以不同的涵義,同樣的困難也出現在最高善理論的必要性與最高善實現的可能性條件上。這些困難造就了既有的最高善詮釋也呈現出了莫衷一是的複雜景象。本文的主要目的即是嘗試找出哪一種最高善概念與對其必要性及可能性的理解才能重構出一個融貫且與康德整個哲學系統相一致的最高善理論。最終本文將嘗試指出最高善的必要性在於提供道德的證實根據,並且此最高善必須同時是一個超越、完美、共同體的概念才能提供一個與康德的整個哲學系統相容的最高善理論。
    The concept of the highest good poses a difficult problem for Kant's moral philosophy. It runs counter to the common impression of Kantian ethics and seems to lead to self-contradiction. This is because the supreme principle of morality, according to Kant, neither refers to the realization of objects of action nor is required to ensure the well-being of humans. How could the concept of the highest good that contains happiness decide the validity of the moral law? In order to deal with this issue, however, we must face another problem, namely that there is no fixed meaning of the highest good in Kant's writings. Across his works, Kant endows this concept with different meanings. The same difficulty appears in our understandings of necessity and possibility of the highest good at once and raises many disputes between scholars. The main purpose of this dissertation is to find out what kind of concept of the highest good and understanding of its necessity and possibility can best provide a coherent interpretation within Kant’s whole philosophical system. I will try to point out that the necessity of the highest good is based on a need of confirmation of morality. Furthermore, it must be understood as a transcendent, perfect, and communal concept that is consistent only with Kant’s whole philosophical system.
    Reference: 一、 康德原典:
    Kant, Immanuel, Katharina Holger, Eduard Gerreshelm, Ingeborg Heidemann, Gottfried Martin, Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften., deutsche Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin., und Kant-Gesellschaft. Landesgruppe Rheinland-Westfalen. 1902. Gesammelte Schriften. Berlin: G. Reimer.
    Kant, Immanuel, and Bernd Ludwig. 1990. Metaphysik der Sitten. T. 2 T. 2. Hamburg: Meiner.
    Kant, Immanuel, and Heiner Klemme. 1992. Über den Gemeinspruch: Das mag in der Theorie richtig sein, taugt aber nicht für die Praxis ; Zum ewigen Frieden : ein philosophischer Entwurf. Hamburg: Meiner.
    Kant, Immanuel, and Jens Timmermann. 1998. Kritik der reinen Vernunft: nach der ersten und zweiten Originalausaben herausgegeben von Jens Timmermann. Mit einer Bibliographie von Heiner Klemme. Hamburg: Meiner.
    Kant, Immanuel, and Bernd Ludwig. 1998. Metaphysik der Sitten 1 1. Hamburg: Meiner.
    Kant, Immanuel, Horst D. Brandt, and Ernst Cassirer. 1999. Was ist Aufklärung?: ausgewählte kleine Schriften. Hamburg: Meiner.
    Kant, Immanuel, Bernd Kraft, and Dieter Schönecker. 1999. Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten. Hamburg: Meiner.
    Kant, Immanuel, Heiner F. Klemme, and Horst D. Brandt. 2003. Kritik der praktischen Vernunft. Hamburg: F. Meiner.
    Kant, Immanuel, and Bettina Stangneth. 2003. Die Religion innerhalb der Grenzen der blossen Vernunft. Hamburg: F. Meiner.
    Kant, Immanuel, Heiner Klemme, Piero Giordanetti, and Immanuel Kant. 2006. Kritik der Urteilskraft ; Beilage: Erste Einleitung in die Kritik der Urteilskraft. Hamburg: F. Meiner.

    二、 原典翻譯:
    Kant, Immanuel, and Mary J. Gregor. 1996. Practical philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Kant, Immanuel, and Allen W. Wood. 1996. Religion and rational theology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Kant, Immanuel, Peter Heath, and J. B. Schneewind. 1997. Lectures on ethics. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.
    Kant, Immanuel, Paul Guyer, and Allen W. Wood. 1998. The critique of pure reason. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Kant, Immanuel, and Paul Guyer. 2001. Critique of the power of judgment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    康德,2003,《道德底形上學之基礎》,李明輝譯,台北:聯經。
    康德,2004,《純粹理性批判》,鄧曉芒譯,台北:聯經出版社。
    康德,2004,《實踐理性批判》,鄧曉芒譯,台北:聯經出版社。
    康德,2004,《判斷力批判》,鄧曉芒譯,台北:聯經出版社。
    康德,2004,《康德歷史哲學論文集》,李明輝譯,台北:聯經。
    康德,2013,《康德著作全集》,李秋零主編,北京:中國人民大學出版社。
    康德,2015,《道德底形上學》,李明輝譯,台北:聯經。

    三、 二手文獻:
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    Auxter, Thomas. “The unimportance of Kant's highest good,” Journal of the History of Philosophy, 17(2) (1979), 121-134.
    Bader, Ralf M. 2015. “Kant's Theory of the Highest Good,” in: Joachim Aufderheide and Ralf M. Bader (eds.), 181-213, The highest good in Aristotle and Kant, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    Barnes, Gerald W. “In defense of Kant's doctrine of the highest good,” Philosophical Forum, 2(4) (1971), 446-458.
    Beck, Lewis White. 1960. A Commentary on Kant's Critique of Practical Reason. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Beiser, Frederick. 2006. “Moral Faith and the Highest Good,” in Paul Guyer (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Kant and Modern Philosophy, 588-629. Cambridge University Press.
    Beversluis, John. “Kant on Moral Striving,” Kant-Studien, 65(1-4) (1974), 67-77.
    Bojanowski, Jochen. 2016. “Life without Death: Why Kantian Agents Are Committed to the Belief in Their Own Immortality,” in Thomas Höwing (ed.), The Highest Good in Kant’s Philosophy, 181-197, Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter.
    Brugger S.J., Walter, “Kant und das höchste Gut,” Kant-Studien, 18(1) (1964), 50-61.
    Caswell, Matthew, “Kant’s Conception of the Highest Good, the Gesinnung, and the Theory of Radical Evil,” Kant-Studien, 97(2) (2006), 184-209.
    Denis, Lara, “Kant's criticism of atheism,” Kant-Studien, 94(2) (2003), 198-219.
    Denis, Lara, “Autonomy and the highest good,” Kantian Review, 10(1) (2005), 33-59.
    Düsing, Klaus. “Das Problem Des höchsten gutes in Kants praktischer Philosophie,” Kant-Studien, 63(1-4) (1971), 5-42.
    Engstrom, Stephen. “The Concept of the Highest Good in Kant's Moral Theory,” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 52(4) (1992), 747-780.
    Engstrom, Stephen. 2016. “The Determination of the Concept of the Highest Good,” in Thomas Höwing (ed.), The Highest Good in Kant’s Philosophy, 89-108, Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter.
    Esser, Andrea Marlen. 2016. “Applying the Concept of the Good: The Final End and the Highest Good in Kant’s Third Critique,” in Thomas Höwing (ed.), The Highest Good in Kant’s Philosophy, 245-262, Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter.
    Friedman, R. Z. “The importance and function of Kant's highest good,” Journal of the History of Philosophy, 22(3) (1984), 325-342.
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    Fugate, Courtney. “The Highest Good and Kant's Proof(s) of God's Existence,” History of Philosophy Quarterly, 31(2) (2014), 137-158.
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    Description: 博士
    國立政治大學
    哲學系
    99154502
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0991545021
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU201900692
    Appears in Collections:[哲學系] 學位論文

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