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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/124947


    Title: 關稅與環境政策之政治經濟分析
    Political economy analysis of tariff and environmental policy
    Authors: 魯宛憶
    Contributors: 賴育邦
    魯宛憶
    Keywords: 利益團體
    環境政策
    貿易政策
    關稅
    利潤移轉
    Interest Groups
    Environmental Policy
    Trade Policy
    Tariffs
    Rent-Shifting
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-08-07 16:50:14 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文以Xing (2006)的三階段賽局及Grossman and Helpman (1994)的利益團體模型為基礎,並採用Fredriksson (1999)的福利函數設定,探討當市場結構為雙占,兩國廠商的商品於本國進行數量競爭時,在兩個遊說立場相左的利益團體影響下,關稅政策與環境政策的關聯。
    我們發現政策主要受到外部性效果與利潤移轉效果的影響。當環保團體的力量佔上風,使外部性效果較大時,本國政府會訂定高於最適的汙染排放費;當產業利益團體的力量較強,本國政府則會訂定低於最適的汙染排放費。而不受利益團體影響的外國政府所訂定的汙染排放費則必然小於最適。
    考慮關稅政策後,本文發現若外部性效果大於利潤移轉效果,本國政府可能實施補貼進口財貨的政策,並調降原先高於最適的汙染排放費。如果利潤移轉效果較大,則本國政府則會對進口財貨課徵關稅,且汙染排放費較未考慮關稅時更高。至於汙染排放費與皮古稅的相對的大小,則視政府在乎環保團體的程度而定。另外,外國的汙染排放費原則上皆低於最適。
    This thesis demonstrates a situation in which two interest groups provide political contributions to influence trade policy and environmental policy in their favor. The basic model is based on Xing (2006) and Grossman and Helpman (1994). To investigate how the tariff affects environmental policy in the presence of lobbying, I establish an international duopoly model containing three stages, in which firms competing in terms of quantity in the domestic market. Pollution arises in the process of production and does not travel across the border.
    I show that the equilibrium policies of the domestic country depend on the externality effect and the rent-shifting effect. I also find that under certain conditions, the externality effect can outweigh the profit-shifting effect. In this case, the domestic country’s emission fee will exceed the Pigouvian tax. Then by endogenizing the tariff, this thesis finds that a negative tariff will be given to the imported goods and the emission fee will decline. However, the emission fee will be set below the Pigouvian tax, if the rent-shifting effect is dominant. Under such circumstances, the domestic country will charge a positive tariff, and set a higher emission fee. As to the foreign environmental policy, which is not subject to the plague of the interest groups, the emission fee will be likely set below the Pigouvian tax.
    Reference: Barnett, A. H. (1980), “The Pigouvian Tax Rule under Monopoly,” American Economic Association, 70: 1037-1041.
    Barrett, S. (1994), “Strategic environmental policy and international trade,” Journal of Public Economics, 54: 325-338.
    Bernheim, B. D., Whinston, M. D. (1986), “Menu Auctions, Resource Allocation, and Economic Influence,” The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 101: 1-32.
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    Fujiwara, K. (2010), “Environmental Policy and Trade Liberalization: The Case of Transboundary Pollution from Consumption,” Natural Resource Modeling, 23: 591-609.
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    Gawande, K., Bandyopadhyay, U. (2000), “Is Protection for Sale? Evidence on the Grossman-Helpman Theory of Endogenous Protection,” The Review of Economics and Statistics, 82: 139-152.
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    Xing, Y. (2006), “Strategic Environmental Policy and Environmental Tariffs,” Journal of Economic Integration, 21: 861-880.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    財政學系
    106255001
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0106255001
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU201900269
    Appears in Collections:[財政學系] 學位論文

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