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    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/124862
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/124862


    Title: 哀傷的時間性:癌末病患照顧者與過世病人之關係流變與倫理連結
    Grieving temporality: the “becoming” relationship and ethical bond between caregivers and deceased patients
    Authors: 李宛霖
    Lee, Wan-Lin
    Contributors: 林耀盛
    姜忠信

    李宛霖
    Lee, Wan-Lin
    Keywords: 喪親悲傷
    照顧者
    持續性連結
    縱貫式研究
    Bereavement
    Caregiver
    Continuing bonds
    Longitudinal study
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-08-07 16:33:59 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 陪伴至親的臨終過程會帶來巨大的痛苦,在癌末臨終處境,不僅末期病患深受折磨,照顧者亦陷落受苦深淵。在受苦時刻,喪親經驗也帶出重新認識「關係」(relationship)的可能性。過去的悲傷研究多將重點放在悲傷適應的結果,而忽略探究喪親者與逝者間的關係本質與悲傷的歷程性。本研究擬融合不同的知識論典範,以質化與量化研究並進的方式釐清研究問題。研究目的在嘗試與西方持續性連結理論進行對話,懸置悲傷適應論的框架,進而從關係取向理解悲傷現象,故在知識論上,將以量化實徵論與詮釋現象學兩種取向進行問題探究。在研究一中,研究者擬修訂西方的悲傷量表與持續性連結量表,以增加工具本身的文化適切度。研究二以研究一所發展之量表工具,對臺灣癌末病患家屬從病人過世前,至病人過世後半年至一年的期間進行縱貫式追蹤研究。研究三將同時以量表與質性訪談持續追蹤數位家屬,整合量化資料與質性訪談的研究結果,分析末期病患家屬如何在悲傷歷程當中安置逝者,藉此對持續性連結理論做出修正,並提出一套適合解釋臺灣喪親悲傷現象的理論模式。透過三個子研究的整合,研究發現臨終照顧到喪親悲傷的過程,是空間、時間、關係和倫理的軌跡:(1)量化的悲傷軌跡給出的是均值的線性悲傷時間,但喪親者的悲傷敘事帶出深度安靜的存有時間,量表分數回答的是「什麼」(what),但無法捕捉敘事時間綿延皺褶的「如何」(how)。(2)關係默化是地下莖(塊莖)式的流變,斷而未斷的關係存有連結,內化與外化不再是二分的關係類型,而是可以並置、超越、或是交錯的意義。(3)家庭倫理連結的流動是臺灣本土喪親現象的重要意涵,這也使得喪親研究需轉向「關係」,西方的心理韌性、照顧負荷論與持續性連結理論,都可嘗試以關係先於主體的認識論重新探究之。最後,本研究提出哀傷的時間性是朝向生命缺口的倫理學,並討論應用於悲傷陪伴的可能性與未來研究方向。
    Caring for terminally ill people causes great suffering for caregivers. At the same time, for the bereaved caregiver, the experience from caring to grieving also brings out the possibility to review the relationship with the patient. The aim of the study was to understand the bereavement process with a vision of relationship. Using mixed-method design, the present study suspended the grief adaptation framework in mainstream psychology, exploring the grieving process and the nature of relationship with patient in Taiwanese bereaved caregivers. In study 1, the authors developed Chinese version of HGRC and R-CBS. In study 2, using the instruments developed in study 1, we investigated grief and CB reactions in caregivers of cancer patients at the time points of pre-loss and post-loss within 1 year. In study 3, we conducted a convergent mixed method design, using both quantitative instruments data and qualitative narrative texts to understand the way that the caregivers make sense of relationship with the deceased patients. By integrating results of three studies, we’ve found that the process from caring to grieving is crisscross of time, space, relation and ethics. First, the quantitative grief trajectories are the average scores derived from the population norm. The quantitative scores represented chronological time and certainly answered the question of ’what’ outcome. But grief narratives were deep folds of duration, which escape from the measure of chronological time. Second, relationship with the deceased was the process of ‘becoming’. The silent transformation of relationship went beyond the binary classification of internalized and externalized CB. Third, the re-cathexis of ethical bond had significant meaning in Taiwanese bereaved caregivers. We suggest to reinvestigate the western concept of resilience, caring burden and continuing bonds theory using the relational approach. Finally, our study proposed a theory of grieving temporality, emphasizing the infinite ethic toward the Other. Findings have both theoretical and clinical implications.
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    Description: 博士
    國立政治大學
    心理學系
    101752501
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1017525011
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU201900642
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 學位論文

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