English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 11 |  Items with full text/Total items : 88645/118187 (75%)
Visitors : 23496317      Online Users : 300
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/124447


    Title: 由美國法探討專利權耗盡原則於具自我繁殖特性專利物之適用
    Applying the Patent Exhaustion Doctrine to Self-Replicating Technologies: From the Perspective of US Patent Law
    Authors: 陳龍昇
    Contributors: 法學評論
    Keywords: 專利;耗盡;第一次銷售原則;植物專利;種子;孟山都;自我繁殖;包曼案
    Patent;Exhaustion;First Sale Doctrine;Plant Patent;Seed;Monsanto;Self-Replicating;Bowman Decision
    Date: 2018-09
    Issue Date: 2019-07-24 16:05:01 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 依專利權耗盡原則,專利權效力不及於專利權人或經其同意之人合法銷售專利物之後續使用與販賣行為。惟於專利物本身具有自我繁殖特性之情形,例如:植物、種子等相關發明,專利物之購買人於使用該專利物過程必然導致繁殖結果,則該經使用而產生之專利物,是否仍為專利權耗盡範圍所及?此涉及專利權耗盡要件與適用範圍之爭議。本文由美國法探討專利權耗盡原則於具自我繁殖特性專利物之適用,分析比較美國聯邦最高法院與聯邦巡迴上訴法院對於孟山都公司種子專利爭議所為之三則重要判決,並評論美國法院就專利權耗盡原則所持見解對農民留種自用慣行之影響。另探討使用與製造行為之界限以及可能的折衷方案。最後提出我國法可得借鏡之處。
    Under the patent exhaustion doctrine, a patentee’s exclusive right against the use and resale of a patented article no longer exists after an authorized sale of the same article. However, when an invention involves self-replicating technologies, such as plants or seeds, whether and how this doctrine shall apply here becomes a question that needs further exploration. This is because a second-generation patented article will be produced at the course of an ordinary use of a patented article involving self-replicating technologies. Whether the patent exhaustion doctrine applies to this second-generation article is debatable and will trigger a further inquiry into this doctrine’s elements and scope. This article explores the patent exhaustion doctrine’s theoretical foundation and its application in light of the U.S. patent law. It focuses on the impact that self-replicating technologies have on the application of this doctrine. To examine how the doctrine applies to a patented self- replicating invention, this article investigates three critical decisions regarding Monsanto patent infringement issue from the US Supreme Court and Federal Circuit court. This article then turns to the impacts that the US court decisions have on farmers’ seeds-saving practice. Further, this article examines how to distinguish a permissible “use” from a “making” that will require the patentee’s permission. This article also considers some alternative solutions. Finally, this article offers suggestions for Taiwan’s patent law, which might allow plant and seed inventions to be protected by patent in the near future.
    Relation: 法學評論, 154, 239-290
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: https://doi.org/ 10.3966/102398202018090154001
    DOI: 10.3966/102398202018090154004
    Appears in Collections:[法學評論 TSSCI] 期刊論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    71.pdf604KbAdobe PDF11View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback