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    Title: 東南亞「一帶一路」新聞中的政經框架分析研究―以菲律賓、馬來西亞與新加坡為例
    A political economy framing analysis of China’s Belt and Road Initiative in Southeastern Asia press – A comparative study on the Republic of Philippines, Malaysia and the Republic of Singapore
    Authors: 關信恆
    Kwan, Shin-Han
    Contributors: 陳憶寧
    Chen, Yi-Ning
    關信恆
    Kwan, Shin-Han
    Keywords: 一帶一路
    中國
    南海
    框架分析
    馬來西亞
    菲律賓
    新加坡
    Belt and Road Initiative
    China
    South China Sea
    Framing analysis
    Malaysia
    the Philippines
    Singapore
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-04-01 15:14:03 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 2013年由中國國家領導人習近平提出的一帶一路計畫對外聲稱共創雙贏,尋求國際政治與經濟合作,也提升周邊國家基礎建設水平。作者選擇海上絲綢之路上的菲律賓、馬來西亞與新加坡為分析對象。經濟面上三國最大的貿易夥伴皆為中國,在南海爭議上則有與中國不同程度的主權爭議。研究關注東南亞國家在追求經濟發展的同時,與中國在南海上的主權爭議將如何影響媒體報導。研究者針對三國共七家媒體的九百四十九篇的一帶一路新聞,藉內容與框架分析法找出一帶一路報導與評論的時間分布、主題、出處、消息來源與框架分布,也進一步探討這類變數與經濟、政治和媒體所有權因素與報導框架的關係。研究發現經濟誘因在三國皆為主要框架,然而在馬來西亞,媒體立場與所有權充分影響一帶一路報導,政治人物也針對一帶一路是否益於當地相互攻擊。菲律賓尋求一帶一路帶來的經濟效益,但中國在南海的活動被視為威脅其主權。如此也反映其較高的經濟擔憂、政治威脅、政治穩定框架比例。新加坡政府持有的海峽時報具的一帶一路報導數量居冠,並常使用正反並陳框架表現一帶一路的優缺。在關注他國的反應同時,其官員與學者也積極尋找新加坡在一帶一路的利基和可能面臨的問題。
    The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), first proposed by Chinese leader Xi Jinping in 2013, is a cross-national investment plan claiming to work towards win-win scenario by raising infrastructure standard and seeking political and economic cooperation with neighboring countries. The author chooses the Republic of Philippines, Malaysia and the Republic of Singapore, which are all on the Maritime Silk Road and have China as their top trading partner, to see how their media respond to the project when economic development is sought while having different levels of sovereignty issue with China in the South China Sea. Nine hundred and forty-nine articles are collected from 7 media of the three countries after systematic sampling to find the quality, topic, tendency, news origin, news source and frames of BRI media content. The research finds that economic incentive remains the most used frame for all three countries. However, in Malaysia, standpoint and ownership of media have a huge influence on the reporting of BRI. Whether BRI can benefit locals becomes the center of debate for politicians. In the Philippines, BRI is regarded as a great opportunity to develop its country, however, China’s activities in SCS is seen as a political threat that harms national interests. This leads to higher economic concern, political threat and political stability frame. The Straits Times, owned by Singapore government, has the most BRI articles and more often uses non-prominent frame to show the multiple aspects of BRI. It not only keeps track of how other countries respond to BRI but also serves as a platform for officials and scholars to find niche and identify problems of BRI.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    傳播學院傳播碩士學位學程
    104464013
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1044640131
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.COMM.006.2019.F05
    Appears in Collections:[傳播學院傳播碩士學位學程] 學位論文

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