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    Title: 價格離散的解析:以2009年至2013年中國乘用車市場為例
    Analysis of Price Dispersion: A Case Study of China's Passenger Car Market from 2009 to 2013
    Authors: 李柏德
    Li, Bo-De
    Contributors: 胡偉民
    Hu, Wei-Min
    李柏德
    Li, Bo-De
    Keywords: 中國乘用車市場
    價格離散
    戴爾指數
    特徵價格法
    China's passenger car market
    Price dispersion
    Theil index
    Hedonic prices
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-04-01 15:05:53 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 以往對汽車價格離散的研究,多以複數國家為標的,國家不同導致的各種因素也帶來了價格離散。中國汽車市場雖處於單一國家內,仍因其配銷模式、物流成本及區域經濟環境差異而使市場分割。即使近年中國法規鬆綁且汽車交易資訊的取得難度降低,市場卻沒有整合的趨勢。本文分析2009年至2013年中國36個主要城市的汽車銷售價格,藉由觀察汽車銷售價格的離散程度和成因,解釋為何廠商在各地的定價能力沒有減弱。結果顯示,因為中國各地的所得差異和廠商提供商品數量的不同,而得以維持中國汽車市場的分割。
    本文觀察到中國乘用車價格指數逐年下降,同時價格離散程度卻持續擴大,惟幅度較研究期間前縮減。藉由戴爾指數分析得知,價格離散主要源自各經濟分區的區間的差異,而非區內差異。且汽車實體特徵對銷售價格有顯著正向的貢獻,產銷兩地的距離則無。在分析價格離散的跨期變化時,經由模型推導出價格離散跨期變動主要受區域間跨期所得差異變動、及區域間跨期競爭程度差異變動影響,即價格離散程度的跨期變動受所得效果及競爭效果影響。利用兩階段系統性一般動差法,得知在所得效果、相似車種競爭效果的絕對值增加時,會對價格離散跨期變動造成顯著並正向的影響。
    Previous studies on car price dispersion are mostly based on plural countries, caused by various factors concerning boundaries. China's auto market, though in a single country, is still segmented in view of distribution method, logistics cost and regional economic environment difference. Despite an easier access to trading information and the loosening regulations, China's auto market has yet been integrated. This thesis will analyze the automobile sales prices in 36 major cities in China from 2009 to 2013. The price dispersion of China's auto market and its causes explain why manufacturers can retain the pricing power, and the income inequality and manufacturing quantity explain why China's auto market can remain segmented.
    The result shows that China's passenger car price index has declined while the price dispersion continues to expand, only with a slower growth compared to the previous period. According to the Theil Index analysis, price dispersion is primarily rooted in differences between economic regions, rather than within them. Moreover, it is the physical characteristic of the cars that has a significant positive impact on the sales price, not the distance of location between production and marketing. Intertemporal changes of price dispersion are found to be affected mostly by inter-regional variation of intertemporal income difference and competition difference. That is, it is affected by the income effect and the competition effect. With the two-stage system GMM, the increase in the absolute value of the intertemporal difference on income effect and competition effect on similar vehicles is inferred to have a significant positive impact on the intertemporal changes of price dispersion.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    財政學系
    1042550241
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1042550241
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.PF.002.2019.F07
    Appears in Collections:[財政學系] 學位論文

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